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  • John is a Greco-Roman biography of Jesus. For a defense of date and authorship, see this general article with a link inside. This includes observations on why John is so different than the Synoptics.

  • Is John's Gospel anti-Semitic?
  • On the "I AM" titles
    John 1:12
    Is John the Baptist Elijah, or not?
    John 1:18
    Can God be seen, or not?
    John 1:21
    Is John the Baptist Elijah, or not?
    John 1:28
    Is this a geographical error?
    John 1:32-3
    Did John the Baptist know who Jesus was, or not?
    John 1:35
    Are the Gospels contradictory about where Jesus was after his baptism?
    John 1:41
    When did Peter know Jesus was the Christ?
    John 2:4
  • Was Jesus rude to his mother?
  • was the Cana wedding Jesus' own wedding? [Off Site]
  • John 2:6-10
    Did the miracle of Dionysus influence this story? Part of a larger article on the alleged influence of Dionysus on Christianity.
    John 2:15
    Isn't the Temple cleansing incident an example of violence? [Off Site]
    John 2:20
    The Jews replied, "It has taken forty-six years to build this temple, and you are going to raise it in three days?" One Skeptic regards this as incorrect because Josephus in his Antiquities 15.11.6 says that the temple was built in a year and a half, between 19-17 BC. Had he looked into the period of the history further he would have discovered that while the main temple building was indeed "done" at this time, construction on it continued up until 63 AD - including through the time period referenced above.
    John 2:23, 3:12
    Is John's geography confused?
    John 3:5
    Does this verse teach that baptism is needed for salvation? -- part of a broad article that also touches on the general faith-works relationship question.
    John 3:13
    John 3:23
    Is this a geographical error?
    John 3:35
    Is Jesus contradictory about his ability to grant thrones?
    John 4:5
    Is this a geographical error?
    John 4:22
    Are we to evangelize Jews only or Gentiles as well?
    John 5:8-11
    Did Jesus actually break the OT law?
    John 5:22, 8:5, 12:47
    Does Jesus judge, or not?
    John 5:31, 8:14
    Is Jesus' witness to himself valid, or not?
    John 5:37
    Can God be seen?
    John 6:1
    Is John's geography confused?
    John 6:53-4
    Does this passage endorse cannibalism? And is it too shocking to Jewish sensibilities to have come from Jesus?
    John 7:1
    Was Jesus a hypocrite when he warned people not to fear others?
    John 7:8-10
    Did Jesus tell a lie?
    John 7:15
    Was Jesus illiterate?
    John 7:34
    Will Jesus always be with us, or not?
    John 7:38
    One critic says: In John, chapter 7, verse 38, Jesus reportedly says: "Scripture said: 'From his innermost being shall flow rivers of living water'." There is no such passage in the Hebrew Tanach or anything resembling it. Witherington's commentary on John [173] notes that Sirach 24:30-32 reflects a similar saying: "As for me, I was like a canal from a river, like a water channel into a garden. I said, 'I will water my garden and drench my flower-beds' And lo, my canal became a river, and my river a sea...I will again pour out teaching like prophecy, and leave it to all future generations." This comes after a discussion of Wisdom/Torah as being a source of a river of wisdom. Note that "scripture" (graphe) is a word for any written document and does not apply exclusively to the OT.
    John 7:39
    This says the Spirit had not yet been given, but what about times prior to this, like Luke 1-2 when the Spirit filled Elizabeth, Zechariah, and Simeon? "Given" is a KJV add-on for clarity; the verse actually says "the Holy Spirit was not yet", period. The context is set by the prior phrase, "(But this spake he of the Spirit, which they that believe on him should receive..." "Receive" is a word meaning act upon or grab hold of. This does not match with the experiences of Liz and the others who received the Spirit passively as it came upon them.
    John 7:52
    Search and look: for out of Galilee ariseth no prophet. One Skeptic says, "Yet several of the prophets, such as Jonah, Nahum, Hosea, and Elijah, were from Galilee." Well, this is what the Pharisees told Nicodemus, in an effort to discredit Jesus. It is perhaps an accurate recording of their mistaken comment, probably included to point out that they themselves didnít know the scriptures as well as they thought they did; but more likely they have in mind when they say "a prophet" is the specific prophet sought for that was predicted in the Jewish Scriptures.

    John 7:53-8:11
    John 8
    Was Jesus a Samaritan? -- answer to an off-the-wall Islamic objection [Off Site]
    John 8:50, 12:23, 17:5
    "I am not seeking glory for myself; but there is one who seeks it, and he is the judge." This is pitted along with Matt. 11:29, against John 12:23: "The hour has come for the Son of Man to be glorified." This is said to be "hypocritical", but how is this so? The latter glory is not sought by Jesus, but is given to him. (John 17:5 falls under the same rubric: Jesus is acceeding to that which the Father will do in glorifying him.)

    John 8:51, 11:26
    How can this say we will never die?
    John 8:58
    The Gospel Truth About John 8:58 -- a response to JW abuses [Off Site]
    John 8:59
    Is Jesus being deceitful here?
    John 9:2
    Does this verse teach pre-existence? No -- see Chapter 3 of The Mormon Defenders.
    John 9:5
    Who's the light of the world -- us, or Jesus?
    John 9:22
    Does this verse reflect a late date and the Jewish synagogue expulsion?
    John 10:30
    If Jesus and the Father are one, who was Jesus talking to while hanging on the cross, or praying?" -- part of a secondary article on the relation of Jesus and the Father, with foundations laid here.
    John 11
    Did John just invent the story of Lazarus? [Off Site]
    John 12:1-8
    Are the "anointing women" stories copies of each other?
    John 12:14-15
    Did Jesus steal the donkey he rode into Jerusalem?
    John 12:21
    Does this verse contain a geographical error?
    John 12:24
    Is Jesus promulgating a scientific error?
    John 12:32
    Has Jesus indeed "drawn all men"?
    John 13:34
    A new command I give you: Love one another. One Skeptic claims that this is not a new command, but the same as Lev.19:18. However, he fails to note that the "new" version by Jesus says, "as I have loved you." Jesus loved enough to die for us, and this makes the "new" version much more demanding than the measured benevolence of the OT's "love thy neighbor as thyself."
    John 14:2
    When was heaven prepared for us?
    John 14:7
    Can God be seen, or not?
    John 14:12-14
    Does this verse offer magical powers as a reward for faith? Also see here on praying for "anything".
    John 14:26
    Did the Father send the Spirit or did Jesus (15:26)? Watch carefully: Solomon Tulbure only quotes 14:26 as far as the italics: "But the Comforter, which is the Holy Ghost, whom the Father will send in my name..." 15:26 says, "But when the Comforter is come, whom I will send unto you from the Father..." and he leaves out the italicized part.
    John 14:27
    Was Jesus for war or peace?
    John 16:33
    Is Jesus' burden easy or hard?
    John 17:12, 18:9
    Did Jesus really lose none of his sheep?
    John 18:13
    Does John think there was a new high priest every year?
    John 18:20
    Did Jesus teach openly, or in secret?
    John 18:27
  • Do the Gospels disagree on how many times the cock crowed?
  • Were roosters not permitted in Jerusalem?
  • John 18:28, 19:14
    Do the Gospels disagree on the date of Jesus' crucifixion?
    John 18:31
    Is John wrong about the Jews not having capital power? -- part of a larger essay on the trial of Jesus
    John 18:37
    "You are a king, then?" said Pilate. Jesus answered, "You are right in saying I am a king. In fact, for this reason I was born, and for this I came into the world, to testify to the truth. Everyone on the side of truth listens to me." One Skeptic wonders why Jesus cannot tell the difference between a question and a statement. What exactly is the problem? What prohibits Jesus or anyone else from responding to an "inquiry" like Pilate's with this sort of response? How is this an "error" or a moral issue?

    John 19:14
    Do the Gospels disagree on the time of Jesus' crucifxion?
    John 19:30
    Do the Gospels disagree about Jesus' last words on the cross?
    John 20:1
    Do the Gospels contradict about who was at Jesus' tomb?
    John 20:9
    "For as yet they knew not the scripture, that he must rise again from the dead." "What scripture says this?", the critic asks. As we see in Acts 2:27, Psalms 16:10 at the very least was interpreted this way, as a signal of the resurrection, by early Christians. Other verses so interpreted included Hos. 6:2 and Lev. 23:11. Of course this interpretation does "beg the question" of Jesus' resurrection and divine identity. But critics beg the contrary question. The argument cannot rest on this cite in solitude.
    John 20:12
    Do the Gospels contradict about the angels at Jesus' tomb?
    John 20:17
    "Jesus said, 'Do not hold on to me, for I have not yet returned to the Father. Go instead to my brothers and tell them, "I am returning to my Father and your Father, to my God and your God."'" One Skeptic describes this scene as "pathetic" in that Jesus refuses to allow his loving disciple to touch him. This is the sort of analysis we would expect from skeptics who place human emotion over the standards of holiness. That said, there have been any number of reasons proposed as to why Jesus replies to Mary Magdelene this way; the most sensible I have found, offered by Raymond Brown (The Gospel According to John, 1012) is that there is an allusion here to verses 14:18-19 and 16:22, in which Jesus promises "the world will not see me anymore, but you will see me" and "Now is your time of grief, but I will see you again and you will rejoice, and no one will take away your joy." Mary and the disciples probably took this to indicate a permanent return of the Risen Jesus, and here, Jesus is dispelling that false idea.

    John 20:29
    Does this verse promote a "blind faith"?
    John 20:30
    Is there contradiction about the giving of signs?
    John 21:20
    Is this homosexual behavior by Jesus?