“We need to examine, not only what we personally believe, but also what is taught by any religious organization with which we may be associated.  Are its teachings in full harmony with God’s Word, or are they based on the traditions of men?  If we are lovers of the truth, there is nothing to fear from such an examination.” (The Truth That Leads to Eternal Life, p. 13, 1968 Watchtower Bible & Tract Society)


“Reasonable persons agree that the only fair method is to examine the evidence on both sides, both for and against a disputed theory.  That is how one arrives at the truth.”  (Awake, 10/22/1973, p. 6)


“Now the Bereans were of more noble character than the Thessalonians for they received the message with great eagerness and examined the Scriptures everyday to see if what Paul said was true.”  (Acts 17:11)


Make sure of all things, hold fast to what is fine” (I Thessalonians 5:21)


Christian Apologetics Research & Education Service

                        $500  for Jehovah’s Witnesses




C.A.R.E.S offers a $500 reward to any Jehovah’s Witness who can correctly answer the following questions after following the Watchtower’s own words “If we are lovers of the truth, there is nothing to fear from such an examination”.


1:  Is Jehovah or Yahweh the more correct way to render the God’s name?


2:  Did you know the name “Jehovah” is an “erroneous form of the name of the God of Israel” (Encyclopedia Americana), which is “grammatically impossible” (The Jewish Encyclopedia) and “for which there is no warrant and makes no sense in Hebrew” (The Universal Jewish Encyclopedia).  The name “Jehovah” is of Catholic origin and was NEVER used before 1270 AD.  Can you find one time it was used before 1270 AD?  Why then has the Watchtower Society elevated a tradition of men and made this “false reading of Hebrew YAHWEH” (Webster’s Collegiate Dictionary), into a salvation issue by declaring that people should be using this “artificial” name (The Interpreters Dictionary of the Bible)?


3:  According to Acts 1:11 did the disciples SEE Jesus ascend into heaven?  Was he to return the same way?


4:  Does Revelation 1:7 say that upon his return “every eye will see him, EVEN THOSE WHO PIERCED HIM”?  Does this mean that those nations who didn’t understand who Jesus was when he was on earth (Jews & Romans) will see him return?


5:  According to the Watchtower Society (now) Jesus returned invisible in 1914 and only they recognized it because as God’s modern day prophet only they had “eyes of understanding” and could spiritually discern it.  Did the Jews and the Romans, the ones who pierced him, have “eyes of understanding”?


6:  Do Jehovah Witness presidents and leaders have “eyes of understanding”?


7:  Did you know that the Watchtower’s first two presidents, Charles Taze Russell and Judge Rutherford, who were alive in 1914 never taught that Jesus returned in 1914.   Did you know that Russell taught Jesus returned in 1874 and that Rutherford taught the same up until 1929 when he changed the second coming to 1914.  Why did they not have these “eyes of understanding”? Did the disciples in Acts 1:11 recognize that Jesus was ascending to heaven on that day or did they figure it out 16 years later?  Why did the Watchtower leaders teach for over 50 years of their history what they now consider to be a false date (1874) for Christ’s return?

How come all the Jehovah’s Witnesses leaders who were supposed to have “eyes of understanding” in 1914 not see Jesus return in 1914 but insisted he returned in 1874?


8:   In Matthew 24:23-27 Jesus says “If someone then tells you ‘Look! Here is the Christ!’ or ‘There he is’, DO NOT BELIEVE HIM, for false Messiahs and false prophets will arise …I have forewarned you, so if they say to you ‘he is in the desert!’ do not go out.  If they say ‘in these rooms here!’ do not believe it.  For as LIGHTNING that FLASHES from the East and SHINES to the West so shall the coming of the Son of Man be..”.  Can you think of anything more visible that flashing lightning against a dark sky?

Isn’t Jesus warning us in these verses about following those who predict a return in a invisible manner? 


9:  Matthew 25: 31, 32 says that when Christ returns in his glory all the angels will be with him and he will gather all nations before him.  Luke 21:27 affirms he will return in power and great glory.  I Timothy 6:14-15 says that he will be shown at his appearing as the King of Kings and Lord of Lords!  Revelation 22:12 says he will reward his followers when he returns.  Did all these things happen in 1914? 


10:  The Watchtower magazine of April 1, 1972 carried a full article which clearly stated that the Watchtower Society is God’s modern day prophet.  This article says that they make their declarations under “angelic direction and support” (p.200).  The Book “The Nations Shall Know that I am Jehovah” (p.56-70), the Divine Will 1958 International Assembly of JWs Report, and the Watchtower magazine  Jan. 15, 1969 (p.40,41) say they are Ezekiel’s and Jeremiah’s modern day counterparts commissioned to speak in Jehovah’s name.  Do you agree?

Did Ezekiel and Jeremiah every declare false prophecies? 


11:  According to Deuteronomy 18:20-22 “When a prophet speaks in the name of Jehovah and the word does not occur or come true, that is the word that Jehovah  did not speak.  With presumptousness the prophet spoke it.  You must not be frightened of him”.  What was the punishment for a false prophet in these verses?  Jesus also warned against false prophets in Matthew 7:15-20 and told us that we will know them by their false prophecies.  Isn’t the fruit of a false prophet false prophecies?  Would you agree with the tests in Deuteronomy and Matthew?


12:  In light of the above claim by the Watchtower (#10) and the Bible tests (#11), what would an unbiased examination of the Watchtower “prophet” in history reveal?  Did you know that past Watchtower presidents predicted Armageddon for the years 1874, 1914, 1915, 1918, 1920, 1925, 1941 (just months away), and 1975?  Have you read what was said in some of the older publications such as The Time is At Hand, The Finished Mystery, and Millions Now Living Will Never Die?   Would it be a good idea to find out the truth?  Why are millions now dead who were told they would never die?


13:  Is a person or group who admits they made a mistake, after the fact, no longer a false prophet?  Is a person who admits they committed a murder no longer a murderer?  Is a person who admits they lied no longer a liar?


14:  Why have there been so many changes on interpretations and doctrine in the Watchtower Society’s history?  For example, it was once taught that the “superior powers” spoken of in Romans 13:1-7 referred to earthly governments

(The Divine Plan of the Ages, p.266), later it was taught that the verse referred to Jehovah God and Jesus Christ (Riches, p. 219, 1938 Yearbook of Jehovah’s Witnesses, p. 19, Let God Be True, 1952, p. 248).  Now the Society has reverted back to the pre-1929 teaching that the verse refers to earthly governments (Babylon the Great Has Fallen, l963, p. 548).  Is this an example of the “light” getting brighter or is this a case of the light going on and off?  Can something that is true today be false tomorrow and then true again later?  Who mades these kind of errors, God or men?  For a list of over 25 more doctrinal changes write C.A.R.E.S.


15:  Do you trust the Watchtower publications without question?  Do you assume that the quotes they make from other sources are accurate?  Have you ever checked out any of these quotes from the actual sources?


16:  Is the Watchtower honest?  If so why do they portray Johannes Greber as a Greek Scholar (Greek grammar makes the meaning clear) on page 489 of “Make Sure of All Things” to support their translation of John 1:1  “the Word was a god”?  Did you know that in addition to his New Testament translation Johannes Greber published another book title “Communication With God’s Spirit World”?   Did you know that Greber translated his New Testament version not from Greek manuscripts but from information given him by spirits?  Don’t Jehovah’s Witnesses agree that communication from the spirit world is communication from demons?  Why does the JW Bible, the New World Translation, agree in many places with the teachings of these demons?


17:  When they were caught and challenged about this the WT responded in an April 1, 1983 WT "Questions from the Readers” that they did not know the spiritism nature of Greber’s books.  However that is not true, as can be seen by the Feb. 15, 1956,  Watchtower, p. 110-111 where they identify Greber as a spiritist.  Why did the Society not tell the truth?


18:  While on the subject of John 1:1 why does the NWT translation committee quote Dana & Mantey’s Greek grammar and A.T. Robinson’s Greek grammar in the appendix of the Kingdom Interlinear Translation (1969,  p.1158-1160) when every quotation is out of context and actually teaches the opposite of what the WT is trying to make it say?  Both Dana & Mantey as well as Robinson, believed in and taught the full Deity of Jesus Christ and translated John 1:1 as “the Word was God”.  Julius Mantey (who was the only one of the three alive at the time) wrote a letter to the Watchtower Society condemning their organization’s misrepresentation of his Grammar. (write CARES if you want a copy of this letter).  Mantey later wrote a tract title “ A Grossly Misleading Translation” concerning the New World Translation of John 1:1.  Since none of these Greek scholars agrees with and in fact repudiate the Watchtower’s translation then why has the Society attempted to look like they have scholarly support for their mistranslation?  Do you think they think JWs would never check the sources they quoted?  Do you check the sources the Watchtower quotes or do you just believe whatever they say?


19:  WHO translated the New World Translation???   Would you go to a doctor that had no credentials and degree in medicine?  Would you have a lawyer represent you in court on a false murder charge if he never went to law school?

Isn’t the accurate translation of the Bible, the Word of God, even more important that these worldly examples?  If so then what were the credentials of the translators of the NWT?  What Greek and Hebrew scholars were on the translation committee?  What schools did they received their training in?  Were there any Greek and Hebrew scholars on this committee???  Can you tell us their names?  Jesus said “I spoke nothing in secret” (John 18:20).  Peter and Paul signed their letters to the New Testament churches.  Since this is so very important (the credentials of the “scholars”) please tell us who they were?  Write the WTS if you need to.  According to two sources who were at Bethel when the translating was being done, there were no Greek and Hebrew scholars on the committee!  Can you prove this is not so?  In fact the head of the translation committee was Fred Franz who was the only one with any college education (he dropped out of the University of Cincinnati after 2 years).  If this is true would you want to reveal the names of the NWT translation committee if you were the Watchtower leaders? 


21:  Why didn’t Jesus correct Thomas for calling him “My Lord and My God”?? (John 20:28)  Instead Christ says “Happy are those who have not seen and yet believe”.  Did you know the DEFINITE ARTICLE IS WRITTEN IN THE GREEK HERE BEFORE THE GREEK WORD ‘THEOS’ (GOD)?  The WTS John 1:1 argument just collapsed in John 20:28.  The literal rendering in Greek has Thomas saying “The Lord of me and the God of me”.  Did you know that?


22:  Who did Stephen pray to when he was being stoned? (Acts 7:59)?

Who did the early Christians call upon?  (I Corinthians 1:2)?  Who did Paul pray to? (II Corinthians 12:7-10)?  Did Jesus say we could pray to him? (John 14:14 – see Greek KIL interlinear translation)?  Do you understand Romans 10:9-13 in the light of these scriptures?


23:  What is the name above every name, Jesus or Jehovah? (Philippians 2:10-11)?  Cross -reference this with Isaiah 45:23, why doesn’t the NWT translate these verses “and every tongue shall confess that Jesus is Jehovah, to the glory of God the Father”?  In light of their own rule for putting “Jehovah” back in the New Testament (when there is a quote from the Old Testament in the New Testament) they should have done this. 


24:  What is the name for salvation? (Acts 4:10-12)  Who did the apostles tell you to believe in for salvation (Acts 16:31 – Romans 10:9-13)?  Who did the Father draw all men to (John 6:44)?  Who does the Father want honored the same as Himself (John 5:23)?  Will Yahweh share his glory with any creature (Isaiah 42:8)?

Who have you called on for salvation (Acts 22:16)?


25:  According to the Watchtower teaching Jesus is a little god created by Jehovah (the big God) who Jehovah used to create everything else.  However if that is true why does Jehovah know nothing of this???  He says “ I Jehovah, am doing EVERYTHING, STRETCHING OUT THE HEAVENS BY MYSELF, LAYING OUT THE EARTH.  WHO WAS WITH ME? (NWT)  Doesn’t John 1:3 say of Jesus “ALL THINGS CAME INTO EXISTENCE THROUGH HIM AND APART FROM HIM NOT EVEN ONE THING (including Michael) CAME INTO EXISTENCE”?  Does the Father say of the Son “You at the beginning, O Lord laid the foundations of the earth itself, the heavens are the works of your hands.” (Hebrews 1:10)?  Is this a direct quote from Psalm 102:25?  Does Psalm 102:25 speak of Jehovah?  Do God and Jesus share the same worship and praise (Revelation 4:11 – Revelation 5:11-14)?  Do they share the same throne, same name, same face (Revelation 22:1-6)?  How many First and Lasts are there (Revelation 1:17,18 – Isaiah 44:6)?  How many Alpha and Omegas (Rev. 1:8 – Rev. 22:12-16, 20)?  Do you now understand why the inspired apostle John wrote “In the beginning was the Word and the Word was with God and the Word was God” (John 1-1)?  Do you see why historic Christianity believes that the name “Yahweh” (Jehovah) can be applied to either the Father or the Son?


26:  In Isaiah 48:12-16 who is speaking in verse 12?  How is it the speaker says Jehovah “has sent me, with his SPIRIT” in verse 16?  How is it Jehovah can send Jehovah? And who is the Spirit?  Who are these three? How did Jehovah appear to Abraham in Genesis 18:1-2?  How does Jehovah (on earth) rain down burning sulfur on Sodom and Gomorrah from Jehovah out of heaven (Genesis 19:24)?   Who is Jehovah speaking to in Genesis 1:26, 11:7, in the light of Isaiah 44:24 and John 1:3??    Why in Deuteronomy 6:4 “Hear O Israel, the Lord our God, the Lord is ONE” is the Hebrew word for "one" mean a composite unity, not a singular unity?  Who inspired that it be written this way?


27:  In John 2:19 Jesus said “Destroy this temple and I will raise it up again in three days”.  What was he referring to (John 2:21-22)?  Did Jesus say he was raised a spirit (Luke 24:39)?  Does a spirit have flesh and bones (Luke 24:39)?

Did the body Jesus was raised in still have the nail marks from his crucifixion (John 20:27)?  Did Peter preach that Christ’s flesh would not see decay and he would be resurrected (Acts 2:31)?  Does the Watchtower teach Jesus was raised a spirit and materialized other bodies?  Doesn’t this logically mean that Jesus lied when he said he was not raised a spirit (“it is I MYSELF”) if he materialized a fake body, with fake nail prints, to fake his disciples into believing it was really him?  If this is so where was the body of Jesus since it was not in the tomb???  Did Jesus therefore not raise his body as evidence that he was who he said he was (John 2:21-22)?  Does the Greek word “soma” mean literally a body?  Is Jesus now a glorified MAN in heaven (Acts 17:31, I Timothy 2:5,  Acts 7:56-59, Acts 1:11)?


28:  The Watchtower teaches that man does not have a spirit that exists apart from the body.  The WTS compares spirit to breath.  The WTS also teaches that man does not process a soul which is separate from the body.  But claims the body is the soul.  Now since the WTS says the body of Jesus was not raised and at his death his breath stopped and if soul and body are the same, what was resurrected from the dead??  Think this through.  The WTS does not teach a resurrection of Jesus since NOTHING was resurrected.  At best the WTS teaches a re-creation for Jesus and for Christians.  The Bible however clearly teaches a resurrection (“the redemption of our bodies” Romans 8:23).  Do you believe the WTS or the Bible? 


29:  While on the subject of Romans 8:23.  The WTS says the 144,000 “anointed” Christians are to be “resurrected” as spirit creatures, not with physical bodies.  They also teach the Bible was written directly only to the “anointed”?

How is it in Romans 8:23 Paul writes to his readers of the “redemption of our BODIES”?


30:  Does Matthew 10:28 show a difference between the body and the soul?

“Do not be afraid of those who can kill the body BUT CANNOT kill the soul”.


31:  Is the Bible to everyone?  Or is it written only to the 144,000 “anointed class”?  Do you know what the Watchtower teaching is on this?


32:  Who is YOUR MEDIATOR?  Jesus (I Timothy 2:5) or the “anointed”?

Which does the Bible say?


33:  Produce one Bible verse that says Jesus is Michael?  Produce one Bible verse that says we are created in the image of an angel?  Produce one Bible verse that would show Jesus not daring to rebuke Satan, as Michael did not dare to (Jude 1:9)?  Why does Jude distinguish between Jesus and Michael?  Why does John do the same in Revelation?


34:  Hebrews 1:5 says “For unto which of the angels said HE at any time, Thou are my Son, this day I have begotten thee?”  Hebrews 1:13 says “But with reference to which one of the angels has He ever said ‘Sit at my right hand, until I place your enemies as a stool for your feet ‘”?  Isn’t the entire purpose of Hebrew chapter one written to show the Son is superior to ANY angel (Hebrew 1:4)?  Who do the angels worship (Hebrew 1:6, Revelation 5:11-13)?

Can you see why historic Christianity has never concluded Jesus is Michael?


35:  How many true gods are there?  Is Jesus a true god (John 1:1-3)?  Or if Jehovah is the only true God then Jesus must logically be a false god?  Are Jehovah’s Witnesses polytheists (believe in more than one god)?


36:  The Watchtower says that John 3 refers only to the 144,000 “anointed”.  Only they have to be “Born again”.  Jesus however said unless a man is born again he CANNOT see the Kingdom of God (John 3:3).  Do you hope to see the Kingdom of God?  Isn’t the message JWs claim to preach house to house about the Kingdom of God?  What good is preaching about a Kingdom that you cannot even see (let alone live in) unless you obey Jesus and are born again?  Doesn’t the Bible say that ANYONE (no exceptions) who believes that Jesus is the Christ is born of God (I John 5:1)?  Which do you believe the Bible or the WTS?  Wouldn’t it be Satan’s greatest trick if he could let you learn all about the Kingdom and then succeed in deceiving you on how to get in?


37:  Regarding the 144,000 doctrine.  Who are they?  They are mentioned in only in Revelation chapter 7 & 14.  Is the 144,000 a literal number or a symbolic number (representing a greater number)?  Does Revelation 7:4-8 show that the 144,000 are Jews?  Does Revelation 14:4 show they virgins?  Does Revelation 14:9 show they are honest? (See #s 10-20)  What type of logic allows you to switch back and froth between literal and symbolic in the same context or even the same verse as the WTS does in claiming the 144,000 is a symbolic number and yet the other references to the 144,000 are not symbolic?


38:  In regards to the “Great Crowd”, are they on heaven or earth?  The WTS claims they are on earth but have you ever looked closely at what the Bible says?  Where is the throne of God? Revelation chapter four makes it clear it is in heaven.  Revelation 7:9 says the great crowd is where? (before the throne and the Lamb).  Revelation 14:3 uses the SAME language to say the 144,000 are before the throne.  They are in the same place!  Does Revelation 19:1 say “After these things I heard what was a loud voice of a great crowd in HEAVEN”?

Which do you believe the Bible or the Watchtower?


39:  What makes you think the parable of the rich man and Lazarus in Luke 16:19-31 is a parable?  Does Jesus say it is a parable?  In the book of Luke 16 times we find the word “parable” refering to stories told by Jesus (“and he spoke a parable to them”).  This is NOT said of Luke 16:19-31 is it?  Is it possible that it is not called a parable because it was a true account of which Jesus, as the Son of God, knew about (or because it used true information to illustrate a point)?


40: Did you know that Watchtower first president Charles Taze Russell believed the Great Pyramid of Giza in Egypt was a vast storehouse of prophetic truth built by Melchizedek under the direction of Almighty God?  That in the same way other occultic pyramidologist groups sought “hidden truths” in it, Russell claimed that by measuring the passageways from a variety of angles and then converting inches into years, we are able to confirm the absolute accuracy of what the Bible teaches about 1874, 1878, 1881, 1910, and 1914 (Studies in the Scriptures, Vol. 3, Thy Kingdom Come, p. 313, 1903 edition).  Why was the President and founder of the Watchtower Society involved in an occultic practice?


41:  What is the gospel?  Is the Gospel preached house to house by Jehovah’s Witnesses the gospel preached by the apostle Paul and other apostles?  Write down what your gospel is, then turn to I Corinthians 15:1-4 and see if you passed the test?


42:  Does Paul say that Satan blinds the minds of unbelievers? “If our gospel is veiled it is veiled to those who are perishing.  The god of this age has blinded the minds of unbelievers so that they cannot see the light of the gospel of the glory of Christ, who is the image of God?”  (II Corinthians 4:3-4)


43:  Does Paul say that if anyone preaches ANY OTHER GOSPEL “let him be eternally condemned”? (Galatians 1:8-9)  Do JWs go door to door with the central message of the gospel “that Christ died for our sins, according to the scriptures, that he was buried, that he was raised on the third day, according to the Scriptures.” (I Corinthians 15:1-4)?  Or do they need Jesus to “open their minds so they could understand the Scriptures.  He told them “This is what is written: “The Christ will suffer and rise from the dead on the third day, and repentance and forgiveness of sins will be preached in his name, beginning at Jerusalem.”  You are my witnesses of these things.”  (Luke 24:45-48)  Is this the message of Jehovah’s Witnesses?  Why not?


44:  Does the WTS preach “Christ crucified” (I Corinthians 1:23) like Paul did?

Do they proclaim the testimony of God?  Do they resolve to know nothing “except Jesus Christ and him crucified” (I Corinthians 2:1-2)?  Can they say with the apostle Paul “May I never boast EXCEPT in the CROSS of our Lord Jesus Christ..” (Galatians 6:14)?  Can you say “I have been crucified with Christ and I no longer live but Christ lives in me” (Galatians 2:20)?


45:  Why does the Father command that all should honor the Son just the SAME as they honor the Father (John 5:23)?  Why does the Father draw ALL to the Son (John 6:44)?  Who is the Father the witness of (I John 5:9-12)?


46:  Can you know you have eternal life right now?  Does I John 5:13 teach what the WTS believes?


47:  Have you been born again (John 3:3)?  Do you believe that Jesus is the Christ (I John 5:1)?  Do you believe what the Bible says about this or the WTS?


48:  Would a JW be disfellowshipped today if you believed and taught what the Watchtower Society said was the truth in 1920?


49:  Would a JW in 1920 have been disfellowshipped then if he taught what the WTS says is the truth in 2003?


50.  First Watchtower president and founder Charles Taze Russell taught that the door in heaven to be part of the “anointed” Class closed in 1881.  Second president Judge Rutherford said that 1935 marked the last chance to be part of the “anointed” class, and everyone who becomes a JW after 1935 was part of the “great crowd”.  Who was right? Russell?  Rutherford? Or neither?  Where in the Bible does it say the door to heaven closed in 1935??


51:  Have thousands of JWs died believing Watchtower “errors” according to present Watchtower “light”?  Considering that WTS doctrines and practices have been continually changing, can you be sure the same thing won’t happen to you?

Do you know for sure that tomorrows “truth” isn’t today’s “error”?


52:  Can you learn the truth by reading the Bible alone?  What would you learn if you read the Bible alone?  Why does the WTS say that if you read the Bible alone you will “ revert right back to the apostate doctrines that commentaries by Christendom’s clergy were teaching 100 years ago…!” (WT 8/15/81, p. 28,29)?

If that is true then who really are the “apostates”, Christians who read the Bible and believe what it says or JWs who read the Watchtower publications giving the WTS interpretations of what the Bible says?


53:  Can you be saved by your house to house work?  Why does the Watchtower say salvation is a reward and to put your faith in a Victorious Organization (March 1, 1979 WT cover-article p. 12).  Doesn’t the Bible say salvation is a gift (not a reward) Ephesians 2:8,9) and to put your faith in Jesus Christ to be saved? (John 3)


54:  Isn’t what Jesus said true of you as a Jehovah’s Witness when he said “You search the scriptures because you think by means of them you will get eternal life.  These are the Scriptures that testify of ME, yet you refuse TO COME TO ME TO HAVE LIFE.” (John 5:39-40)?  Have you come to Jesus?  Have you called on his name (I Corinthians 1:2)?  Could you do what Thomas did (John 20:28)?  Why not?


55:  After reading these questions are you going to follow what the WTS says on page 105 of the March 1, 1966 WT magazine?   Therefore, how will you respond when pointed statements are made about false religious teachings and corrupt practices?   Will you immediately condemn the person or organization making the expose?  Do you feel it is all right to teach lies and misrepresent God’s Word, but wrong to expose the error?  Contrary to what some may think, it is not unkind and unloving to lay bare falsehood and corruption.”


The real issue when you are done with these questions is are you going to believe the Bible or the Watchtower Society.  Are you going to accept what Christianity has believed for nearly 2000 years or the teachings of a group founded by a man (Charles Taze Russell) whose books have been proven to contain false prophecy.  Jesus said you shall know the truth and the truth will set you free.  If you would like more information or have questions or want to attempt to answer these questions e-mail: CARESIPeter315@aol.com