V. Historical confirmation.

A. Prophets confirmed specific historical events and persons in the Hebrew Scriptures.

Each book in the Old and New Testaments refers to previous historical events and persons as reported in earlier books by independent sources.  There are hundreds of examples.  Here are just a few:


1.  The Creation of
Man.

 

That man was created, not evolved, is the testimony of the following:

 

Moses

Genesis 1:27
So God created man in His own image; in the image of God He created him; male and female He created them.

 

Genesis 2:7
And the LORD God formed man of the dust of the ground, and breathed into his nostrils the breath of life; and man became a living being.

 

Genesis 2:21
And the LORD God caused a deep sleep to fall on Adam, and he slept; and He took one of his ribs, and closed up the flesh in its place.

 

Genesis 2:22-24

22Then the rib which the LORD God had taken from man He made into a woman, and He brought her to the man.
23And Adam said:
        “This is now bone of my bones
        And flesh of my flesh;
        She shall be called Woman,
        Because she was taken out of Man.
24Therefore a man shall leave his father and mother and be joined to his wife, and they shall become one flesh.

 

Genesis 5:1
This is the book of the genealogy of Adam. In the day that God created man, He made him in the likeness of God.

 

 

 

 

Job

Job 10
8Your hands have made me and fashioned me,
        An intricate unity;
        Yet You would destroy me.
        9Remember, I pray, that You have made me like clay.
        And will You turn me into dust again?
        10Did You not pour me out like milk,
        And curdle me like cheese,
        11Clothe me with skin and flesh,
        And knit me together with bones and sinews?

 

 

 

Solomon

Ecclesiastes 7:29
Truly, this only I have found: That God made man upright, But they have sought out many schemes.”

 

Ecclesiastes 12:1
Remember now your Creator in the days of your youth, Before the difficult days come, And the years draw near when you say, “I have no pleasure in them”:

 

 

Jesus Christ

Matthew 19:4
And He answered and said to them, “Have you not read that He who made[NU-Text reads created] them at the beginning made them male and female,’ [Genesis 1:27; 5:2]

 

Genesis 1:27
So God created man in His own image; in the image of God He created him; male and female He created them.

Genesis 5:2
He created them male and female, and blessed them and called them Mankind in the day they were created.

 

 

 

Paul

Acts 17:29
Therefore, since we are the offspring of God, we ought not to think that the Divine Nature is like gold or silver or stone, something shaped by art and man’s devising.

 

Romans 5:13
(For until the law sin was in the world, but sin is not imputed when there is no law.)

 

Romans 5:14
Nevertheless death reigned from Adam to Moses, even over those who had not sinned according to the likeness of the transgression of Adam, who is a type of Him who was to come.

 

1 Corinthians 15:45
And so it is written, “The first man Adam became a living being.” [Genesis 2:7] The last Adam became a life-giving spirit.

 

1 Timothy 2:13-15

13For Adam was formed first, then Eve. 14And Adam was not deceived, but the woman being deceived, fell into transgression. 15Nevertheless she will be saved in childbearing if they continue in faith, love, and holiness, with self-control.

 

Genesis 2:7
And the LORD God formed man of the dust of the ground, and breathed into his nostrils the breath of life; and man became a living being.

 

Genesis 3:19
In the sweat of your face you shall eat bread Till you return to the ground, For out of it you were taken; For dust you are, And to dust you shall return.

 

 

God

Genesis 1:26
Then God said, “Let Us make man in Our image, according to Our likeness; let them have dominion over the fish of the sea, over the birds of the air, and over the cattle, over all [Syriac reads all the wild animals of] the earth and over every creeping thing that creeps on the earth.”

 

Genesis 3:19
In the sweat of your face you shall eat bread Till you return to the ground, For out of it you were taken; For dust you are, And to dust you shall return.”

 

 

 


2. 
Eden.


Isaiah 51:3
For the LORD will comfort Zion, He will comfort all her waste places; He will make her wilderness like Eden, And her desert like the garden of the LORD; Joy and gladness will be found in it, Thanksgiving and the voice of melody.

Ezekiel 28:13
You were in Eden, the garden of God; Every precious stone was your covering: The sardius, topaz, and diamond, Beryl, onyx, and jasper, Sapphire, turquoise, and emerald with gold. The workmanship of your timbrels and pipes Was prepared for you on the day you were created.

Ezekiel 31:9
I made it beautiful with a multitude of branches, So that all the trees of
Eden envied it, That were in the garden of God.’
 

Ezekiel 31:16
I made the nations shake at the sound of its fall, when I cast it down to hell together with those who descend into the Pit; and all the trees of Eden, the choice and best of Lebanon, all that drink water, were comforted in the depths of the earth.

Ezekiel 31:18
“To which of the trees in Eden will you then be likened in glory and greatness? Yet you shall be brought down with the trees of Eden to the depths of the earth; you shall lie in the midst of the uncircumcised, with those slain by the sword. This is Pharaoh and all his multitude,’ says the Lord GOD.”

Ezekiel 36:35
So they will say, “This land that was desolate has become like the garden of Eden; and the wasted, desolate, and ruined cities are now fortified and inhabited.’


Joel 2:3
A fire devours before them, And behind them a flame burns; The land is like the Garden of Eden before them, And behind them a desolate wilderness; Surely nothing shall escape them.

Genesis 2:8
The LORD God planted a garden eastward in Eden, and there He put the man whom He had formed.

Genesis 2:9-11

9And out of the ground the LORD God made every tree grow that is pleasant to the sight and good for food. The tree of life was also in the midst of the garden, and the tree of the knowledge of good and evil.
10Now a river went out of Eden to water the garden, and from there it parted and became four riverheads. 11The name of the first is Pishon; it is the one which skirts the whole land of Havilah, where there is gold.

 

 


3.  Adam’s sin acknowledged.


Job 31:33
If I have covered my transgressions as Adam, By hiding my iniquity in my bosom,

 

Hosea 6:7
“But like men [Or like Adam] they transgressed the covenant; There they dealt treacherously with Me.

 

Romans 5:12
Therefore, just as through one man sin entered the world, and death through sin, and thus death spread to all men, because all sinned--

Romans 5:14
Nevertheless death reigned from Adam to Moses, even over those who had not sinned according to the likeness of the transgression of Adam, who is a type of Him who was to come.


1 Timothy 2:14
And Adam was not deceived, but the woman being deceived, fell into transgression.

Genesis 3:5-7

5For God knows that in the day you eat of it your eyes will be opened, and you will be like God, knowing good and evil.”
6So when the woman saw that the tree was good for food, that it was pleasant to the eyes, and a tree desirable to make one wise, she took of its fruit and ate. She also gave to her husband with her, and he ate. 7Then the eyes of both of them were opened, and they knew that they were naked; and they sewed fig leaves together and made themselves coverings.

Genesis 3:17
Then to Adam He said, “Because you have heeded the voice of your wife, and have eaten from the tree of which I commanded you, saying, “You shall not eat of it’: “Cursed is the ground for your sake; In toil you shall eat of it All the days of your life.

 

4.  Noah.


1 Chronicles 1
3Enoch, Methuselah, Lamech, 4Noah, [Following Masoretic Text and Vulgate; Septuagint adds the sons of Noah] Shem, Ham, and Japheth.
5The sons of Japheth were Gomer, Magog, Madai, Javan, Tubal, Meshech, and Tiras.

Isaiah 54:8-10

8With a little wrath I hid My face from you for a moment;
        But with everlasting kindness I will have mercy on you,”
        Says the LORD, your Redeemer.
        9”For this is like the waters of Noah to Me;
        For as I have sworn
        That the waters of Noah would no longer cover the earth,

        So have I sworn
        That I would not be angry with you, nor rebuke you.
        10For the mountains shall depart
        And the hills be removed,
        But My kindness shall not depart from you,
        Nor shall My covenant of peace be removed,”
        Says the LORD, who has mercy on you.

 

Ezekiel 14:14
Even if these three men, Noah, Daniel, and Job, were in it, they would deliver only themselves by their righteousness,” says the Lord GOD.

 

Matthew 24:37-39

37But as the days of Noah were, so also will the coming of the Son of Man be. 38For as in the days before the flood, they were eating and drinking, marrying and giving in marriage, until the day that Noah entered the ark, 39and did not know until the flood came and took them all away, so also will the coming of the Son of Man be.

 

Luke 17:25-27
25But first He must suffer many things and be rejected by this generation. 26And as it was in the days of Noah, so it will be also in the days of the Son of Man: 27They ate, they drank, they married wives, they were given in marriage, until the day that Noah entered the ark, and the flood came and destroyed them all.

 

Luke 3:35-37
35the son of Serug, the son of Reu, the son of Peleg, the son of Eber, the son of Shelah, 36the son of Cainan, the son of Arphaxad, the son of Shem, the son of Noah, the son of Lamech, 37the son of Methuselah, the son of Enoch, the son of Jared, the son of Mahalalel, the son of Cainan,

 

Hebrews 11:7
By faith Noah, being divinely warned of things not yet seen, moved with godly fear, prepared an ark for the saving of his household, by which he condemned the world and became heir of the righteousness which is according to faith.

 

2 Peter 2:4-6

4 For if God did not spare the angels who sinned, but cast them down to hell and delivered them into chains of darkness, to be reserved for judgment; 5and did not spare the ancient world, but saved Noah, one of eight people, a preacher of righteousness, bringing in the flood on the world of the ungodly; 6and turning the cities of Sodom and Gomorrah into ashes, condemned them to destruction, making them an example to those who afterward would live ungodly;

Genesis 6:8-10

8But Noah found grace in the eyes of the LORD.
9 This is the genealogy of Noah. Noah was a just man, perfect in his generations. Noah walked with God. 10And Noah begot three sons: Shem, Ham, and Japheth.

 

Genesis 7:11
In the six hundredth year of Noah’s life, in the second month, the seventeenth day of the month, on that day all the fountains of the great deep were broken up, and the windows of heaven were opened.

 

Genesis 7:23
So He destroyed all living things which were on the face of the ground: both man and cattle, creeping thing and bird of the air. They were destroyed from the earth. Only Noah and those who were with him in the ark remained alive.

 

Genesis 9:16-18

16The rainbow shall be in the cloud, and I will look on it to remember the everlasting covenant between God and every living creature of all flesh that is on the earth.” 17And God said to Noah, “This is the sign of the covenant which I have established between Me and all flesh that is on the earth.”
18 Now the sons of Noah who went out of the ark were Shem, Ham, and Japheth. And Ham was the father of Canaan.

 

Genesis 9:19
These three were the sons of Noah, and from these the whole earth was populated.

 

Genesis 9:29
So all the days of Noah were nine hundred and fifty years; and he died.

 

Genesis 10:1-2

1 Now this is the genealogy of the sons of Noah: Shem, Ham, and Japheth. And sons were born to them after the flood.
2The sons of Japheth were Gomer, Magog, Madai, Javan, Tubal, Meshech, and Tiras.

 


5. God grants the
land of Canaan to the descendants of Abraham.

Joshua 24:2-4

2And Joshua said to all the people, “Thus says the LORD God of Israel: “Your fathers, including Terah, the father of Abraham and the father of Nahor, dwelt on the other side of the River [Hebrew Nahar, the Euphrates, and so in verses 3, 14, and 15] in old times; and they served other gods. 3Then I took your father Abraham from the other side of the River, led him throughout all the land of Canaan, and multiplied his descendants and gave him Isaac. 4To Isaac I gave Jacob and Esau. To Esau I gave the mountains of Seir to possess, but Jacob and his children went down to Egypt.

 

2 Chronicles 20:5-7

5Then Jehoshaphat stood in the assembly of Judah and Jerusalem, in the house of the LORD, before the new court, 6and said: “O LORD God of our fathers, are You not God in heaven, and do You not rule over all the kingdoms of the nations, and in Your hand is there not power and might, so that no one is able to withstand You? 7Are You not our God, who drove out the inhabitants of this land before Your people Israel, and gave it to the descendants of Abraham Your friend forever?

Acts 7:4-6
4Then he came out of the land of the Chaldeans and dwelt in Haran. And from there, when his father was dead, He moved him to this land in which you now dwell. 5And God gave him no inheritance in it, not even enough to set his foot on. But even when Abraham had no child, He promised to give it to him for a possession, and to his descendants after him. 6But God spoke in this way: that his descendants would dwell in a foreign land, and that they would bring them into bondage and oppress them four hundred years.

 

Genesis 17:8-10

8Also I give to you and your descendants after you the land in which you are a stranger, all the land of Canaan, as an everlasting possession; and I will be their God.”
9And God said to Abraham: “As for you, you shall keep My covenant, you and your descendants after you throughout their generations. 10This is My covenant which you shall keep, between Me and you and your descendants after you: Every male child among you shall be circumcised;

 

Genesis 26:2-4
2Then the LORD appeared to him and said: “Do not go down to Egypt; live in the land of which I shall tell you. 3Dwell in this land, and I will be with you and bless you; for to you and your descendants I give all these lands, and I will perform the oath which I swore to Abraham your father. 4And I will make your descendants multiply as the stars of heaven; I will give to your descendants all these lands; and in your seed all the nations of the earth shall be blessed;

 

Genesis 26:24
And the LORD appeared to him the same night and said, “I am the God of your father Abraham; do not fear, for I am with you. I will bless you and multiply your descendants for My servant Abraham’s sake.”

 

Genesis 28:4
And give you the blessing of Abraham, To you and your descendants with you, That you may inherit the land In which you are a stranger, Which God gave to Abraham.”

 

Genesis 28:12-14

12Then he dreamed, and behold, a ladder was set up on the earth, and its top reached to heaven; and there the angels of God were ascending and descending on it.
13And behold, the LORD stood above it and said: “I am the LORD God of Abraham your father and the God of Isaac; the land on which you lie I will give to you and your descendants. 14Also your descendants shall be as the dust of the earth; you shall spread abroad to the west and the east, to the north and the south; and in you and in your seed all the families of the earth shall be blessed.

 

Genesis 35:11-13

11Also God said to him: “I am God Almighty. Be fruitful and multiply; a nation and a company of nations shall proceed from you, and kings shall come from your body. 12The land which I gave Abraham and Isaac I give to you; and to your descendants after you I give this land.” 13Then God went up from him in the place where He talked with him.

 

Exodus 32:13
Remember Abraham, Isaac, and Israel, Your servants, to whom You swore by Your own self, and said to them, “I will multiply your descendants as the stars of heaven; and all this land that I have spoken of I give to your descendants, and they shall inherit it forever.” [Genesis 13:15 and 22:17]

 

Exodus 33:1
Then the LORD said to Moses, “Depart and go up from here, you and the people whom you have brought out of the land of Egypt, to the land of which I swore to Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob, saying, “To your descendants I will give it.’

 

Deuteronomy 1:8
See, I have set the land before you; go in and possess the land which the LORD swore to your fathers--to Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob--to give to them and their descendants after them.’

 

Deuteronomy 34:4
Then the LORD said to him, “This is the land of which I swore to give Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob, saying, “I will give it to your descendants.’ I have caused you to see it with your eyes, but you shall not cross over there.”

 

 


6.  Abraham believed God, and it was accounted to him for righteousness.

Romans 4:3
For what does the Scripture say? “Abraham believed God, and it was accounted to him for righteousness.”


Romans 4:21-23
21and being fully convinced that what He had promised He was also able to perform. 22And therefore “it was accounted to him for righteousness.”
23Now it was not written for his sake alone that it was imputed to him,

Galatians 3:6
just as Abraham “believed God, and it was accounted to him for righteousness.” [Genesis 15:6]

James 2:23
And the Scripture was fulfilled which says, “Abraham believed God, and it was accounted to him for righteousness.” [Genesis 15:6] And he was called the friend of God.

 

Genesis 15:5-7
5Then He brought him outside and said, “Look now toward heaven, and count the stars if you are able to number them.” And He said to him, “So shall your descendants be.”
6And he believed in the LORD, and He accounted it to him for righteousness.
7Then He said to him, “I am the LORD, who brought you out of Ur of the Chaldeans, to give you this land to inherit it.”

 

 


7.  The sin and destruction of
Sodom and Gomorrah.


Isaiah 3:9
The look on their countenance witnesses against them, And they declare their sin as Sodom; They do not hide it. Woe to their soul! For they have brought evil upon themselves.

Jeremiah 23:14
Also I have seen a horrible thing in the prophets of Jerusalem: They commit adultery and walk in lies; They also strengthen the hands of evildoers, So that no one turns back from his wickedness. All of them are like Sodom to Me, And her inhabitants like Gomorrah.

Jeremiah 49:18
As in the overthrow of Sodom and Gomorrah And their neighbors,” says the LORD, “No one shall remain there, Nor shall a son of man dwell in it.

Jeremiah 50:40
As God overthrew Sodom and Gomorrah And their neighbors,” says the LORD, “So no one shall reside there, Nor son of man dwell in it.

Ezekiel 16:45-47

47You did not walk in their ways nor act according to their abominations; but, as if that were too little, you became more corrupt than they in all your ways.
48”As I live,” says the Lord GOD, “neither your sister Sodom nor her daughters have done as you and your daughters have done. 49Look, this was the iniquity of your sister Sodom: She and her daughter had pride, fullness of food, and abundance of idleness; neither did she strengthen the hand of the poor and needy.

Lamentations 4:6
The punishment of the iniquity of the daughter of my people Is greater than the punishment of the sin of Sodom, Which was overthrown in a moment, With no hand to help her!

Amos 4:11
“I overthrew some of you, As God overthrew Sodom and Gomorrah, And you were like a firebrand plucked from the burning; Yet you have not returned to Me,” Says the LORD.

Zephaniah 2:9
Therefore, as I live,” Says the LORD of hosts, the God of Israel, “Surely Moab shall be like Sodom, And the people of Ammon like Gomorrah-- Overrun with weeds and saltpits, And a perpetual desolation. The residue of My people shall plunder them, And the remnant of My people shall possess them.”

 

Genesis 19:12-14

12 Then the men said to Lot, “Have you anyone else here? Son-in-law, your sons, your daughters, and whomever you have in the city--take them out of this place! 13For we will destroy this place, because the outcry against them has grown great before the face of the LORD, and the LORD has sent us to destroy it.”
14So Lot went out and spoke to his sons-in-law, who had married his daughters, and said, “Get up, get out of this place; for the LORD will destroy this city!” But to his sons-in-law he seemed to be joking.

Genesis 19:24
Then the LORD rained brimstone and fire on Sodom and Gomorrah, from the LORD out of the heavens.

Deuteronomy 29:23
“The whole land is brimstone, salt, and burning; it is not sown, nor does it bear, nor does any grass grow there, like the overthrow of Sodom and Gomorrah, Admah, and Zeboiim, which the LORD overthrew in His anger and His wrath.’

 


8. Jacob wrestles with God.

Hosea 12:2-4

 2”The LORD also brings a charge against Judah,
        And will punish Jacob [Jacob means he grasps the heel (figuratively, he deceives )] according to his ways;
        According to his deeds He will recompense him.
        3He took his brother by the heel in the womb,
        And in his strength he struggled with God.
        4Yes, he struggled with the Angel and prevailed;
        He wept, and sought favor from Him.
        He found Him in Bethel,
        And there He spoke to us--

 

Genesis 32:22-32
22 And he arose that night and took his two wives, his two female servants, and his eleven sons, and crossed over the ford of Jabbok. 23He took them, sent them over the brook, and sent over what he had. 24Then Jacob was left alone; and a Man wrestled with him until the breaking of day. 25Now when He saw that He did not prevail against him, He touched the socket of his hip; and the socket of Jacob’s hip was out of joint as He wrestled with him. 26And He said, “Let Me go, for the day breaks.”
But he said, “I will not let You go unless You bless me!”
27So He said to him, “What is your name?”
He said, “Jacob.”
28And He said, “Your name shall no longer be called Jacob, but Israel; [Literally Prince with God] for you have struggled with God and with men, and have prevailed.”
29Then Jacob asked, saying, “Tell me Your name, I pray.”
And He said, “Why is it that you ask about My name?” And He blessed him there.
30So Jacob called the name of the place Peniel: [Literally Face of God ]”For I have seen God face to face, and my life is preserved.” 31Just as he crossed over Penuel [Same as Peniel, verse 30] the sun rose on him, and he limped on his hip. 32Therefore to this day the children of Israel do not eat the muscle that shrank, which is on the hip socket, because He touched the socket of Jacob’s hip in the muscle that shrank.

 

 


9.  Hosea refers to Jacob and Rachel and Moses.


Hosea 12:12
Jacob fled to the country of Syria; Israel served for a spouse, And for a wife he tended sheep.

 


10.  Joshua refers to Jacob buying land for 100 pieces of silver.


Joshua 24:32
The bones of Joseph, which the children of Israel had brought up out of Egypt, they buried at Shechem, in the plot of ground which Jacob had bought from the sons of Hamor the father of Shechem for one hundred pieces of silver, and which had become an inheritance of the children of Joseph.

 

Genesis 33:19
And he bought the parcel of land, where he had pitched his tent, from the children of Hamor, Shechem’s father, for one hundred pieces of money.

 


11. The bones of Joseph.


Hebrews 11:22
By faith Joseph, when he was dying, made mention of the departure of the children of Israel, and gave instructions concerning his bones.

Genesis 50:25
Then Joseph took an oath from the children of Israel, saying, “God will surely visit you, and you shall carry up my bones from here.”

Exodus 13:19
And Moses took the bones of Joseph with him, for he had placed the children of Israel under solemn oath, saying, “God will surely visit you, and you shall carry up my bones from here with you.” [Genesis 50:25]

Joshua 24:32
The bones of Joseph, which the children of Israel had brought up out of Egypt, they buried at Shechem, in the plot of ground which Jacob had bought from the sons of Hamor the father of Shechem for one hundred pieces of silver, and which had become an inheritance of the children of Joseph.

 


12. Dividing the
Red Sea.


Joshua 2:10
For we have heard how the LORD dried up the water of the Red Sea for you when you came out of Egypt, and what you did to the two kings of the Amorites who were on the other side of the Jordan, Sihon and Og, whom you utterly destroyed.


Joshua 4:23
for the LORD your God dried up the waters of the Jordan before you until you had crossed over, as the LORD your God did to the Red Sea, which He dried up before us until we had crossed over,

 

Joshua 24:6-8

6”Then I brought your fathers out of Egypt, and you came to the sea; and the Egyptians pursued your fathers with chariots and horsemen to the Red Sea. 7So they cried out to the LORD; and He put darkness between you and the Egyptians, brought the sea upon them, and covered them. And your eyes saw what I did in Egypt. Then you dwelt in the wilderness a long time. 8And I brought you into the land of the Amorites, who dwelt on the other side of the Jordan, and they fought with you. But I gave them into your hand, that you might possess their land, and I destroyed them from before you.

 

Psalm 106:9
He rebuked the Red Sea also, and it dried up; So He led them through the depths, As through the wilderness.

 

Psalm 136:13
To Him who divided the Red Sea in two, For His mercy endures forever;

 

Psalm 136:15
But overthrew Pharaoh and his army in the Red Sea, For His mercy endures forever;

 

Isaiah 63:10-12

10But they rebelled and grieved His Holy Spirit;
        So He turned Himself against them as an enemy,
        And He fought against them.
        11Then he remembered the days of old,
        Moses and his people, saying:
        “Where is He who brought them up out of the sea
        With the shepherd of His flock?
        Where is He who put His Holy Spirit within them,
        12Who led them by the right hand of Moses,
        With His glorious arm,
        Dividing the water before them
        To make for Himself an everlasting name,

 

Hebrews 11:29
By faith they passed through the Red Sea as by dry land, whereas the Egyptians, attempting to do so, were drowned.

Exodus 14:13-31

13And Moses said to the people, “Do not be afraid. Stand still, and see the salvation of the LORD, which He will accomplish for you today. For the Egyptians whom you see today, you shall see again no more forever. 14The LORD will fight for you, and you shall hold your peace.”
15And the LORD said to Moses, “Why do you cry to Me? Tell the children of Israel to go forward. 16But lift up your rod, and stretch out your hand over the sea and divide it. And the children of Israel shall go on dry ground through the midst of the sea. 17And I indeed will harden the hearts of the Egyptians, and they shall follow them. So I will gain honor over Pharaoh and over all his army, his chariots, and his horsemen. 18Then the Egyptians shall know that I am the LORD, when I have gained honor for Myself over Pharaoh, his chariots, and his horsemen.”
19And the Angel of God, who went before the camp of Israel, moved and went behind them; and the pillar of cloud went from before them and stood behind them. 20So it came between the camp of the Egyptians and the camp of Israel. Thus it was a cloud and darkness to the one, and it gave light by night to the other, so that the one did not come near the other all that night.
21Then Moses stretched out his hand over the sea; and the LORD caused the sea to go back by a strong east wind all that night, and made the sea into dry land, and the waters were divided. 22So the children of Israel went into the midst of the sea on the dry ground, and the waters were a wall to them on their right hand and on their left. 23And the Egyptians pursued and went after them into the midst of the sea, all Pharaoh’s horses, his chariots, and his horsemen.
24Now it came to pass, in the morning watch, that the LORD looked down upon the army of the Egyptians through the pillar of fire and cloud, and He troubled the army of the Egyptians. 25And He took off [Samaritan Pentateuch, Septuagint, and Syriac read bound. ] their chariot wheels, so that they drove them with difficulty; and the Egyptians said, “Let us flee from the face of Israel, for the LORD fights for them against the Egyptians.”
26Then the LORD said to Moses, “Stretch out your hand over the sea, that the waters may come back upon the Egyptians, on their chariots, and on their horsemen.” 27And Moses stretched out his hand over the sea; and when the morning appeared, the sea returned to its full depth, while the Egyptians were fleeing into it. So the LORD overthrew the Egyptians in the midst of the sea. 28Then the waters returned and covered the chariots, the horsemen, and all the army of Pharaoh that came into the sea after them. Not so much as one of them remained. 29But the children of Israel had walked on dry land in the midst of the sea, and the waters were a wall to them on their right hand and on their left.
30So the LORD saved Israel that day out of the hand of the Egyptians, and Israel saw the Egyptians dead on the seashore. 31Thus Israel saw the great work which the LORD had done in Egypt; so the people feared the LORD, and believed the LORD and His servant Moses.

 

Deuteronomy 11:4
what He did to the army of Egypt, to their horses and their chariots: how He made the waters of the Red Sea overflow them as they pursued you, and how the LORD has destroyed them to this day;

 


13.  Daniel refers to Moses.


Daniel 9:11
Yes, all Israel has transgressed Your law, and has departed so as not to obey Your voice; therefore the curse and the oath written in the Law of Moses the servant of God have been poured out on us, because we have sinned against Him.

Daniel 9:13
“As it is written in the Law of Moses, all this disaster has come upon us; yet we have not made our prayer before the LORD our God, that we might turn from our iniquities and understand Your truth.

 

14.  Micah refers to Moses, Aaron, Miriam.


Micah 6:4
For I brought you up from the land of Egypt, I redeemed you from the house of bondage; And I sent before you Moses, Aaron, and Miriam.

 

Numbers 12:4
Suddenly the LORD said to Moses, Aaron, and Miriam, “Come out, you three, to the tabernacle of meeting!” So the three came out.

Numbers 26:59
The name of Amram’s wife was Jochebed the daughter of Levi, who was born to Levi in Egypt; and to Amram she bore Aaron and Moses and their sister Miriam.

1 Chronicles 6:3
The children of Amram were Aaron, Moses, and Miriam. And the sons of Aaron were Nadab, Abihu, Eleazar, and Ithamar.

 

 


15. Micah refers to Balaam, Balak.


Micah 6:5
O My people, remember now What Balak king of Moab counseled, And what Balaam the son of Beor answered him, From Acacia Grove[Hebrew Shittim] (compare Numbers 25:1; Joshua 2:1; 3:1)] to Gilgal, That you may know the righteousness of the LORD.”

Numbers 22:36
Now when Balak heard that Balaam was coming, he went out to meet him at the city of Moab, which is on the border at the Arnon, the boundary of the territory.

 

Joshua 24:9
Then Balak the son of Zippor, king of
Moab, arose to make war against Israel, and sent and called Balaam the son of Beor to curse you.

 

 


16.  Observance of the Passover.


Joshua 5:10
Now the children of Israel camped in Gilgal, and kept the Passover on the fourteenth day of the month at twilight on the plains of Jericho.

2 Kings 23:21-23
21Then the king commanded all the people, saying, “Keep the Passover to the LORD your God, as it is written in this Book of the Covenant.” 22Such a Passover surely had never been held since the days of the judges who judged Israel, nor in all the days of the kings of Israel and the kings of Judah. 23But in the eighteenth year of King Josiah this Passover was held before the LORD in Jerusalem.

2 Chronicles 30:1-3

1 And Hezekiah sent to all Israel and Judah, and also wrote letters to Ephraim and Manasseh, that they should come to the house of the LORD at Jerusalem, to keep the Passover to the LORD God of Israel. 2For the king and his leaders and all the assembly in Jerusalem had agreed to keep the Passover in the second month. 3For they could not keep it at the regular time, [That is, the first month (compare Leviticus 23:5)]; literally at that time because a sufficient number of priests had not consecrated themselves, nor had the people gathered together at Jerusalem.

2 Chronicles 30:5
So they resolved to make a proclamation throughout all Israel, from Beersheba to Dan, that they should come to keep the Passover to the LORD God of Israel at Jerusalem, since they had not done it for a long time in the prescribed manner.

2 Chronicles 35:1
Now Josiah kept a Passover to the LORD in Jerusalem, and they slaughtered the Passover lambs on the fourteenth day of the first month.

Ezra 6:18-20

18They assigned the priests to their divisions and the Levites to their divisions, over the service of God in Jerusalem, as it is written in the Book of Moses.
 19 And the descendants of the captivity kept the Passover on the fourteenth day of the first month. 20For the priests and the Levites had purified themselves; all of them were ritually clean. And they slaughtered the Passover lambs for all the descendants of the captivity, for their brethren the priests, and for themselves.

 

Matthew 26:2
“You know that after two days is the Passover, and the Son of Man will be delivered up to be crucified.”

 

Matthew 26:17-19

17 Now on the first day of the Feast of the Unleavened Bread the disciples came to Jesus, saying to Him, “Where do You want us to prepare for You to eat the Passover?”
18And He said, “Go into the city to a certain man, and say to him, “The Teacher says, “My time is at hand; I will keep the Passover at your house with My disciples.”“‘
19So the disciples did as Jesus had directed them; and they prepared the Passover.

 

Mark 14:1
After two days it was the Passover and the Feast of Unleavened Bread. And the chief priests and the scribes sought how they might take Him by trickery and put Him to death.

 

Mark 14:13-15

13And He sent out two of His disciples and said to them, “Go into the city, and a man will meet you carrying a pitcher of water; follow him. 14Wherever he goes in, say to the master of the house, “The Teacher says, “Where is the guest room in which I may eat the Passover with My disciples?”‘ 15Then he will show you a large upper room, furnished and prepared; there make ready for us.”

 

Luke 22:10-12
10And He said to them, “Behold, when you have entered the city, a man will meet you carrying a pitcher of water; follow him into the house which he enters. 11Then you shall say to the master of the house, “The Teacher says to you, “Where is the guest room where I may eat the Passover with My disciples?”‘ 12Then he will show you a large, furnished upper room; there make ready.”

 

John 13:1
Now before the Feast of the Passover, when Jesus knew that His hour had come that He should depart from this world to the Father, having loved His own who were in the world, He loved them to the end.

 

1 Corinthians 5:7
Therefore purge out the old leaven, that you may be a new lump, since you truly are unleavened. For indeed Christ, our Passover, was sacrificed for us.[NU-Text omits for us]

Exodus 12:1-20

1 Now the LORD spoke to Moses and Aaron in the land of Egypt, saying, 2”This month shall be your beginning of months; it shall be the first month of the year to you. 3Speak to all the congregation of Israel, saying: “On the tenth of this month every man shall take for himself a lamb, according to the house of his father, a lamb for a household. 4And if the household is too small for the lamb, let him and his neighbor next to his house take it according to the number of the persons; according to each man’s need you shall make your count for the lamb. 5Your lamb shall be without blemish, a male of the first year. You may take it from the sheep or from the goats. 6Now you shall keep it until the fourteenth day of the same month. Then the whole assembly of the congregation of Israel shall kill it at twilight. 7And they shall take some of the blood and put it on the two doorposts and on the lintel of the houses where they eat it. 8Then they shall eat the flesh on that night; roasted in fire, with unleavened bread and with bitter herbs they shall eat it. 9Do not eat it raw, nor boiled at all with water, but roasted in fire--its head with its legs and its entrails. 10You shall let none of it remain until morning, and what remains of it until morning you shall burn with fire. 11And thus you shall eat it: with a belt on your waist, your sandals on your feet, and your staff in your hand. So you shall eat it in haste. It is the LORD’s Passover.
12”For I will pass through the land of Egypt on that night, and will strike all the firstborn in the land of Egypt, both man and beast; and against all the gods of Egypt I will execute judgment: I am the LORD. 13Now the blood shall be a sign for you on the houses where you are. And when I see the blood, I will pass over you; and the plague shall not be on you to destroy you when I strike the land of Egypt.
14”So this day shall be to you a memorial; and you shall keep it as a feast to the LORD throughout your generations. You shall keep it as a feast by an everlasting ordinance. 15Seven days you shall eat unleavened bread. On the first day you shall remove leaven from your houses. For whoever eats leavened bread from the first day until the seventh day, that person shall be cut off from Israel. 16On the first day there shall be a holy convocation, and on the seventh day there shall be a holy convocation for you. No manner of work shall be done on them; but that which everyone must eat--that only may be prepared by you. 17So you shall observe the Feast of Unleavened Bread, for on this same day I will have brought your armies out of the land of Egypt. Therefore you shall observe this day throughout your generations as an everlasting ordinance. 18In the first month, on the fourteenth day of the month at evening, you shall eat unleavened bread, until the twenty-first day of the month at evening. 19For seven days no leaven shall be found in your houses, since whoever eats what is leavened, that same person shall be cut off from the congregation of Israel, whether he is a stranger or a native of the land. 20You shall eat nothing leavened; in all your dwellings you shall eat unleavened bread.”‘

 

Numbers 9:1-3

1 Now the LORD spoke to Moses in the Wilderness of Sinai, in the first month of the second year after they had come out of the land of Egypt, saying: 2”Let the children of Israel keep the Passover at its appointed time. 3On the fourteenth day of this month, at twilight, you shall keep it at its appointed time. According to all its rites and ceremonies you shall keep it.”

 

Numbers 9:3-5

4So Moses told the children of Israel that they should keep the Passover. 5And they kept the Passover on the fourteenth day of the first month, at twilight, in the Wilderness of Sinai; according to all that the LORD commanded Moses, so the children of Israel did.

 

Deuteronomy 16:1
“Observe the month of Abib, and keep the Passover to the LORD your God, for in the month of Abib the LORD your God brought you out of Egypt by night.

 

Leviticus 23
5On the fourteenth day of the first month at twilight is the LORD’s Passover.

 

 


17. Mosaic legislation on carrying the Ark of the Covenant with poles.


 

1 Chronicles 15:15
And the children of the Levites bore the ark of God on their shoulders, by its poles, as Moses had commanded according to the word of the LORD.

 


Exodus 25
14You shall put the poles into the rings on the sides of the ark, that the ark may be carried by them.

 


18. Independent references to manna.


Joshua 5:12
Then the manna ceased on the day after they had eaten the produce of the land; and the children of Israel no longer had manna, but they ate the food of the land of Canaan that year.

 

Nehemiah 9:15
You gave them bread from heaven for their hunger, And brought them water out of the rock for their thirst, And told them to go in to possess the land Which You had sworn to give them.

Nehemiah 9:20
You also gave Your good Spirit to instruct them, And did not withhold Your manna from their mouth, And gave them water for their thirst.

Psalm 78:24
Had rained down manna on them to eat, And given them of the bread of heaven.

John 6:31
Our fathers ate the manna in the desert; as it is written, “He gave them bread from heaven to eat.” [Exodus 16:4; Nehemiah
9:15; Psalm 78:24]

John 6:49
Your fathers ate the manna in the wilderness, and are dead.

John 6:58
This is the bread which came down from heaven--not as your fathers ate the manna, and are dead. He who eats this bread will live forever.”

Hebrews 9:4
which had the golden censer and the ark of the covenant overlaid on all sides with gold, in which were the golden pot that had the manna, Aaron’s rod that budded, and the tablets of the covenant;

Revelation 2:17
“He who has an ear, let him hear what the Spirit says to the churches. To him who overcomes I will give some of the hidden manna to eat. And I will give him a white stone, and on the stone a new name written which no one knows except him who receives it.”‘

 

Exodus 16:4-16

4Then the LORD said to Moses, “Behold, I will rain bread from heaven for you. And the people shall go out and gather a certain quota every day, that I may test them, whether they will walk in My law or not. 5And it shall be on the sixth day that they shall prepare what they bring in, and it shall be twice as much as they gather daily.”
6Then Moses and Aaron said to all the children of Israel, “At evening you shall know that the LORD has brought you out of the land of Egypt. 7And in the morning you shall see the glory of the LORD; for He hears your complaints against the LORD. But what are we, that you complain against us?” 8Also Moses said, “This shall be seen when the LORD gives you meat to eat in the evening, and in the morning bread to the full; for the LORD hears your complaints which you make against Him. And what are we? Your complaints are not against us but against the LORD.”
9Then Moses spoke to Aaron, “Say to all the congregation of the children of Israel, “Come near before the LORD, for He has heard your complaints.”‘ 10Now it came to pass, as Aaron spoke to the whole congregation of the children of Israel, that they looked toward the wilderness, and behold, the glory of the LORD appeared in the cloud.
11And the LORD spoke to Moses, saying, 12”I have heard the complaints of the children of Israel. Speak to them, saying, “At twilight you shall eat meat, and in the morning you shall be filled with bread. And you shall know that I am the LORD your God.”‘
13So it was that quails came up at evening and covered the camp, and in the morning the dew lay all around the camp. 14And when the layer of dew lifted, there, on the surface of the wilderness, was a small round substance, as fine as frost on the ground. 15So when the children of Israel saw it, they said to one another, “What is it?” For they did not know what it was.
And Moses said to them, “This is the bread which the LORD has given you to eat. 16This is the thing which the LORD has commanded: “Let every man gather it according to each one’s need, one omer for each person, according to the number of persons; let every man take for those who are in his tent.”

Exodus 16:31
And the house of Israel called its name Manna.[Literally What? (compare Exodus 16:15)] And it was like white coriander seed, and the taste of it was like wafers made with honey.

Exodus 16:32-34
32Then Moses said, “This is the thing which the LORD has commanded: “Fill an omer with it, to be kept for your generations, that they may see the bread with which I fed you in the wilderness, when I brought you out of the land of Egypt.”‘ 33And Moses said to Aaron, “Take a pot and put an omer of manna in it, and lay it up before the LORD, to be kept for your generations.” 34As the LORD commanded Moses, so Aaron laid it up before the Testimony, to be kept.

Exodus 16:35
And the children of
Israel ate manna forty years, until they came to an inhabited land; they ate manna until they came to the border of the land of Canaan.

Numbers 11:6
but now our whole being is dried up; there is nothing at all except this manna before our eyes!”

Numbers 11:7
Now the manna was like coriander seed, and its color like the color of bdellium.

Numbers 11:9
And when the dew fell on the camp in the night, the manna fell on it.

Deuteronomy 8:3
So He humbled you, allowed you to hunger, and fed you with manna which you did not know nor did your fathers know, that He might make you know that man shall not live by bread alone; but man lives by every word that proceeds from the mouth of the LORD.

Deuteronomy 8:15-17
15who led you through that great and terrible wilderness, in which were fiery serpents and scorpions and thirsty land where there was no water; who brought water for you out of the flinty rock; 16who fed you in the wilderness with manna, which your fathers did not know, that He might humble you and that He might test you, to do you good in the end-- 17then you say in your heart, “My power and the might of my hand have gained me this wealth.’

 


19.  Samuel recalls the Amakite treachery.


1 Samuel 15:2
Thus says the LORD of hosts: “I will punish Amalek for what he did to Israel, how he ambushed him on the way when he came up from Egypt.

Exodus 17:8-9

 8 Now Amalek came and fought with Israel in Rephidim. 9And Moses said to Joshua, “Choose us some men and go out, fight with Amalek. Tomorrow I will stand on the top of the hill with the rod of God in my hand.”

 

Deuteronomy 25:16-18

16For all who do such things, all who behave unrighteously, are an abomination to the LORD your God.
17 “Remember what Amalek did to you on the way as you were coming out of Egypt, 18how he met you on the way and attacked your rear ranks, all the stragglers at your rear, when you were tired and weary; and he did not fear God.

 


20.  Amos refers to the Israelites wandering in the wilderness and the Amorites.


Amos 2:8-10

8They lie down by every altar on clothes taken in pledge,
        And drink the wine of the condemned in the house of their god.
        9”Yet it was I who destroyed the Amorite before them,
        Whose height was like the height of the cedars,
        And he was as strong as the oaks;
        Yet I destroyed his fruit above
        And his roots beneath.
        10Also it was I who brought you up from the land of Egypt,
        And led you forty years through the wilderness,
        To possess the land of the Amorite.

 

Deuteronomy 3:8-11

8”And at that time we took the land from the hand of the two kings of the Amorites who were on this side of the Jordan, from the River Arnon to Mount Hermon 9(the Sidonians call Hermon Sirion, and the Amorites call it Senir), 10all the cities of the plain, all Gilead, and all Bashan, as far as Salcah and Edrei, cities of the kingdom of Og in Bashan.
11”For only Og king of Bashan remained of the remnant of the giants. [Hebrew rephaim] Indeed his bedstead was an iron bedstead. (Is it not in Rabbah of the people of Ammon?) Nine cubits is its length and four cubits its width, according to the standard cubit.

 

21.  The Bronze Serpent.


2 Kings 18:4
He removed the high places and broke the sacred pillars, cut down the wooden image[Hebrew Asherah, a Canaanite goddess] and broke in pieces the bronze serpent that Moses had made; for until those days the children of Israel burned incense to it, and called it Nehushtan. [Literally Bronze Thing]

 

Numbers 21:9
So Moses made a bronze serpent, and put it on a pole; and so it was, if a serpent had bitten anyone, when he looked at the bronze serpent, he lived.

 

 


22.  Jephthah, a Hebrew judge, recalls the Exodus and the conflict of Ammon.


Judges 11:13-27

13And the king of the people of Ammon answered the messengers of Jephthah, “Because Israel took away my land when they came up out of Egypt, from the Arnon as far as the Jabbok, and to the Jordan. Now therefore, restore those lands peaceably.”
14So Jephthah again sent messengers to the king of the people of Ammon, 15and said to him, “Thus says Jephthah: “Israel did not take away the land of Moab, nor the land of the people of Ammon; 16for when Israel came up from Egypt, they walked through the wilderness as far as the Red Sea and came to Kadesh. 17Then Israel sent messengers to the king of Edom, saying, “Please let me pass through your land.” But the king of Edom would not heed. And in like manner they sent to the king of Moab, but he would not consent. So Israel remained in Kadesh. 18And they went along through the wilderness and bypassed the land of Edom and the land of Moab, came to the east side of the land of Moab, and encamped on the other side of the Arnon. But they did not enter the border of Moab, for the Arnon was the border of Moab. 19Then Israel sent messengers to Sihon king of the Amorites, king of Heshbon; and Israel said to him, “Please let us pass through your land into our place.” 20But Sihon did not trust Israel to pass through his territory. So Sihon gathered all his people together, encamped in Jahaz, and fought against Israel. 21And the LORD God of Israel delivered Sihon and all his people into the hand of Israel, and they defeated them. Thus Israel gained possession of all the land of the Amorites, who inhabited that country. 22They took possession of all the territory of the Amorites, from the Arnon to the Jabbok and from the wilderness to the Jordan.
23”And now the LORD God of Israel has dispossessed the Amorites from before His people Israel; should you then possess it? 24Will you not possess whatever Chemosh your god gives you to possess? So whatever the LORD our God takes possession of before us, we will possess. 25And now, are you any better than Balak the son of Zippor, king of Moab? Did he ever strive against Israel? Did he ever fight against them? 26While Israel dwelt in Heshbon and its villages, in Aroer and its villages, and in all the cities along the banks of the Arnon, for three hundred years, why did you not recover them within that time? 27Therefore I have not sinned against you, but you wronged me by fighting against me. May the LORD, the Judge, render judgment this day between the children of Israel and the people of Ammon.”



23.  Rahab the harlot.


Matthew 1:5
Salmon begot Boaz by Rahab, Boaz begot Obed by Ruth, Obed begot Jesse,

Hebrews 11:31
By faith the harlot Rahab did not perish with those who did not believe, when she had received the spies with peace.

James 2:25
Likewise, was not Rahab the harlot also justified by works when she received the messengers and sent them out another way?

 

Joshua 2:1

1 Now Joshua the son of Nun sent out two men from Acacia Grove [Hebrew Shittim] to spy secretly, saying, “Go, view the land, especially Jericho.”
So they went, and came to the house of a harlot named Rahab, and lodged there.

 

Joshua 2:3
So the king of
Jericho sent to Rahab, saying, “Bring out the men who have come to you, who have entered your house, for they have come to search out all the country.”

 

Joshua 6:17
Now the city shall be doomed by the LORD to destruction, it and all who are in it. Only Rahab the harlot shall live, she and all who are with her in the house, because she hid the messengers that we sent.

 

Joshua 6:23
And the young men who had been spies went in and brought out Rahab, her father, her mother, her brothers, and all that she had. So they brought out all her relatives and left them outside the camp of Israel.

 

Joshua 6:25
And Joshua spared Rahab the harlot, her father’s household, and all that she had. So she dwells in Israel to this day, because she hid the messengers whom Joshua sent to spy out Jericho.

 


24.  Joshua refers to the Torah / Pentateuch.


Joshua 8:34
And afterward he read all the words of the law, the blessings and the cursings, according to all that is written in the Book of the Law.

Joshua 22:9
So the children of Reuben, the children of Gad, and half the tribe of Manasseh returned, and departed from the children of Israel at Shiloh, which is in the land of Canaan, to go to the country of Gilead, to the land of their possession, which they had obtained according to the word of the LORD by the hand of Moses.

Joshua 23:6
Therefore be very courageous to keep and to do all that is written in the Book of the Law of Moses, lest you turn aside from it to the right hand or to the left,

 

25.  Nehemiah quotes from Deuteronomy.


Nehemiah 13:1-3

1 On that day they read from the Book of Moses in the hearing of the people, and in it was found written that no Ammonite or Moabite should ever come into the assembly of God, 2because they had not met the children of Israel with bread and water, but hired Balaam against them to curse them. However, our God turned the curse into a blessing. 3So it was, when they had heard the Law, that they separated all the mixed multitude from Israel.

 

Deuteronomy 23:3

3”An Ammonite or Moabite shall not enter the assembly of the LORD; even to the tenth generation none of his descendants shall enter the assembly of the LORD forever,

Numbers 22:1
1 Then the children of Israel moved, and camped in the plains of Moab on the side of the Jordan across from Jericho.

Numbers 24:25
25So Balaam rose and departed and returned to his place; Balak also went his way.

 

 


26. 
Israel’s faithfulness to the Lord in the days of Joshua.


Judges 2:7
So the people served the LORD all the days of Joshua, and all the days of the elders who outlived Joshua, who had seen all the great works of the LORD which He had done for Israel.

Joshua 24:31
Israel served the LORD all the days of Joshua, and all the days of the elders who outlived Joshua, who had known all the works of the LORD which He had done for Israel.

 


27.  Fulfillment of 1 Kings 13:31.


2 Kings 23:16
As Josiah turned, he saw the tombs that were there on the mountain. And he sent and took the bones out of the tombs and burned them on the altar, and defiled it according to the word of the LORD which the man of God proclaimed, who proclaimed these words.

1 Kings 13:31
So it was, after he had buried him, that he spoke to his sons, saying, “When I am dead, then bury me in the tomb where the man of God is buried; lay my bones beside his bones.

 

 

28.  Jeroboam’s Golden Calves.

 

2 Kings 17:16
So they left all the commandments of the LORD their God, made for themselves a molded image and two calves, made a wooden image and worshiped all the host of heaven, and served Baal.


2 Chronicles 13:8
And now you think to withstand the kingdom of the LORD, which is in the hand of the sons of David; and you are a great multitude, and with you are the gold calves which Jeroboam made for you as gods.

 

Micah 6:6
With what shall I come before the LORD, And bow myself before the High God? Shall I come before Him with burnt offerings, With calves a year old?

1 Kings 12:25-31

25 Then Jeroboam built Shechem in the mountains of Ephraim, and dwelt there. Also he went out from there and built Penuel. 26And Jeroboam said in his heart, “Now the kingdom may return to the house of David: 27If these people go up to offer sacrifices in the house of the LORD at Jerusalem, then the heart of this people will turn back to their lord, Rehoboam king of Judah, and they will kill me and go back to Rehoboam king of Judah.”
28Therefore the king asked advice, made two calves of gold, and said to the people, “It is too much for you to go up to Jerusalem. Here are your gods, O Israel, which brought you up from the land of Egypt!” 29And he set up one in Bethel, and the other he put in Dan. 30Now this thing became a sin, for the people went to worship before the one as far as Dan. 31He made shrines [Literally a house] on the high places, and made priests from every class of people, who were not of the sons of Levi.

 

 


29.  Elijah is acknowledged.


1 Chronicles 8:27
Jaareshiah, Elijah, and Zichri were the sons of Jeroham.

 

2 Chronicles 21:12
And a letter came to him from Elijah the prophet, saying, 4 Thus says the LORD God of your father David: 4 Because you have not walked in the ways of Jehoshaphat your father, or in the ways of Asa king of Judah,

 

Ezra 10:20-22
20Also of the sons of Immer: Hanani and Zebadiah; 21of the sons of Harim: Maaseiah, Elijah, Shemaiah, Jehiel, and Uzziah; 22of the sons of Pashhur: Elioenai, Maaseiah, Ishmael, Nethanel, Jozabad, and Elasah.

 

Malachi 4:4-6
4”Remember the Law of Moses, My servant,
        Which I commanded him in Horeb for all Israel,
        With the statutes and judgments.
        5Behold, I will send you Elijah the prophet
        Before the coming of the great and dreadful day of the LORD.
        6And he will turn
        The hearts of the fathers to the children,
        And the hearts of the children to their fathers,
        Lest I come and strike the earth with a curse.”

 

Matthew 17:12
But I say to you that Elijah has come already, and they did not know him but did to him whatever they wished. Likewise the Son of Man is also about to suffer at their hands.”

 

Mark 6:15
Others said, “It is Elijah.” And others said, “It is the Prophet, or [NU-Text and M-Text omit or] like one of the prophets.”

 

Mark 9:4
And Elijah appeared to them with Moses, and they were talking with Jesus.

 

Mark 9:12
Then He answered and told them, “Indeed, Elijah is coming first and restores all things. And how is it written concerning the Son of Man, that He must suffer many things and be treated with contempt?

 

Mark 9:13
But I say to you that Elijah has also come, and they did to him whatever they wished, as it is written of him.”

 

Luke 1:17
He will also go before Him in the spirit and power of Elijah, “to turn the hearts of the fathers to the children,’ [Malachi 4:5, 6] and the disobedient to the wisdom of the just, to make ready a people prepared for the Lord.”

 

Luke 4:24-26

25But I tell you truly, many widows were in Israel in the days of Elijah, when the heaven was shut up three years and six months, and there was a great famine throughout all the land; 26but to none of them was Elijah sent except to Zarephath, [Greek Sarepta] in the region of Sidon, to a woman who was a widow. 27And many lepers were in Israel in the time of Elisha the prophet, and none of them was cleansed except Naaman the Syrian.”

 

Luke 9:19
So they answered and said, “John the Baptist, but some say Elijah; and others say that one of the old prophets has risen again.”

 

Luke 9:33
Then it happened, as they were parting from Him, that Peter said to Jesus, “Master, it is good for us to be here; and let us make three tabernacles: one for You, one for Moses, and one for Elijah”--not knowing what he said.

 

Luke 9:54
And when His disciples James and John saw this, they said, “Lord, do You want us to command fire to come down from heaven and consume them, just as Elijah did?”[NU-Text omits just as Elijah did]

 

Romans 11:1-3

1 I say then, has God cast away His people? Certainly not! For I also am an Israelite, of the seed of Abraham, of the tribe of Benjamin. 2God has not cast away His people whom He foreknew. Or do you not know what the Scripture says of Elijah, how he pleads with God against Israel, saying, 3”LORD, they have killed Your prophets and torn down Your altars, and I alone am left, and they seek my life”?  [1 Kings 19:10, 14]

 

James 5:17-18
17Elijah was a man with a nature like ours, and he prayed earnestly that it would not rain; and it did not rain on the land for three years and six months. 18And he prayed again, and the heaven gave rain, and the earth produced its fruit.

 

1 Kings 17:1
And Elijah the Tishbite, of the inhabitants of Gilead, said to Ahab, “As the LORD God of Israel lives, before whom I stand, there shall not be dew nor rain these years, except at my word.”

 

1 Kings 18:36
And it came to pass, at the time of the offering of the evening sacrifice, that Elijah the prophet came near and said, “LORD God of Abraham, Isaac, and Israel, let it be known this day that You are God in Israel and I am Your servant, and that I have done all these things at Your word.

 

1 Kings 18:40
And Elijah said to them, “Seize the prophets of Baal! Do not let one of them escape!” So they seized them; and Elijah brought them down to the Brook Kishon and executed them there.

 

1 Kings 19:12-14

12and after the earthquake a fire, but the LORD was not in the fire; and after the fire a still small voice.
13So it was, when Elijah heard it, that he wrapped his face in his mantle and went out and stood in the entrance of the cave. Suddenly a voice came to him, and said, “What are you doing here, Elijah?”
14And he said, “I have been very zealous for the LORD God of hosts; because the children of Israel have forsaken Your covenant, torn down Your altars, and killed Your prophets with the sword. I alone am left; and they seek to take my life.”

 

2 Kings 1:8
So they answered him, “A hairy man wearing a leather belt around his waist.” And he said, “It is Elijah the Tishbite.”

 

2 Kings 1:1-17

1 Moab rebelled against Israel after the death of Ahab.
2Now Ahaziah fell through the lattice of his upper room in Samaria, and was injured; so he sent messengers and said to them, “Go, inquire of Baal-Zebub, the god of Ekron, whether I shall recover from this injury.” 3But the angel [Or Angel ]of the LORD said to Elijah the Tishbite, “Arise, go up to meet the messengers of the king of Samaria, and say to them, “Is it because there is no God in Israel that you are going to inquire of Baal-Zebub, the god of Ekron?’ 4Now therefore, thus says the LORD: “You shall not come down from the bed to which you have gone up, but you shall surely die.”‘ So Elijah departed.
5And when the messengers returned to him, he said to them, “Why have you come back?”
6So they said to him, “A man came up to meet us, and said to us, “Go, return to the king who sent you, and say to him, “Thus says the LORD: “Is it because there is no God in Israel that you are sending to inquire of Baal-Zebub, the god of Ekron? Therefore you shall not come down from the bed to which you have gone up, but you shall surely die.”““
7Then he said to them, “What kind of man was it who came up to meet you and told you these words?”
8So they answered him, “A hairy man wearing a leather belt around his waist.”
And he said, “It is Elijah the Tishbite.”
9Then the king sent to him a captain of fifty with his fifty men. So he went up to him; and there he was, sitting on the top of a hill. And he spoke to him: “Man of God, the king has said, “Come down!”‘
10So Elijah answered and said to the captain of fifty, “If I am a man of God, then let fire come down from heaven and consume you and your fifty men.” And fire came down from heaven and consumed him and his fifty. 11Then he sent to him another captain of fifty with his fifty men.
And he answered and said to him: “Man of God, thus has the king said, “Come down quickly!”‘
12So Elijah answered and said to them, “If I am a man of God, let fire come down from heaven and consume you and your fifty men.” And the fire of God came down from heaven and consumed him and his fifty.
13Again, he sent a third captain of fifty with his fifty men. And the third captain of fifty went up, and came and fell on his knees before Elijah, and pleaded with him, and said to him: “Man of God, please let my life and the life of these fifty servants of yours be precious in your sight. 14Look, fire has come down from heaven and burned up the first two captains of fifties with their fifties. But let my life now be precious in your sight.”
15And the angel [Or Angel] of the LORD said to Elijah, “Go down with him; do not be afraid of him.” So he arose and went down with him to the king. 16Then he said to him, “Thus says the LORD: “Because you have sent messengers to inquire of Baal-Zebub, the god of Ekron, is it because there is no God in Israel to inquire of His word? Therefore you shall not come down from the bed to which you have gone up, but you shall surely die.”‘
17So Ahaziah died according to the word of the LORD which Elijah had spoken. Because he had no son, Jehoram [The son of Ahab king of Israel (compare 3:1)] became king in his place, in the second year of Jehoram the son of Jehoshaphat, king of Judah.

 

 

30. Prophecy of the Exile from the books of Moses.


Nehemiah 1:8
Remember, I pray, the word that You commanded Your servant Moses, saying, “If you are unfaithful, I will scatter you among the nations; [Leviticus 26:33]

Leviticus 26:33
I will scatter you among the nations and draw out a sword after you; your land shall be desolate and your cities waste.

 

Deuteronomy 4:27
And the LORD will scatter you among the peoples, and you will be left few in number among the nations where the LORD will drive you.

 

Deuteronomy 30:4
If any of you are driven out to the farthest parts under heaven, from there the LORD your God will gather you, and from there He will bring you.

 

Ezekiel 22:15
I will scatter you among the nations, disperse you throughout the countries, and remove your filthiness completely from you.

 

 


31.  Jonah the Prophet.


2 Kings 14:25
He restored the territory of Israel from the entrance of Hamath to the Sea of the Arabah, according to the word of the LORD God of Israel, which He had spoken through His servant Jonah the son of Amittai, the prophet who was from Gath Hepher.


Matthew 12:39-41

39But He answered and said to them, “An evil and adulterous generation seeks after a sign, and no sign will be given to it except the sign of the prophet Jonah. 40For as Jonah was three days and three nights in the belly of the great fish, so will the Son of Man be three days and three nights in the heart of the earth. 41The men of Nineveh will rise up in the judgment with this generation and condemn it, because they repented at the preaching of Jonah; and indeed a greater than Jonah is here.

Jonah 1:1-2

1 Now the word of the LORD came to Jonah the son of Amittai, saying, 2”Arise, go to Nineveh, that great city, and cry out against it; for their wickedness has come up before Me.”

 


32.
  Historical records from Adam to David acknowledged.


1 Chronicles 1-29


1 Chronicles 2


Nehemiah summarizes most of Biblical history.

Nehemiah 9:5-31
5And the Levites, Jeshua, Kadmiel, Bani, Hashabniah, Sherebiah, Hodijah, Shebaniah, and Pethahiah, said:
        “Stand up and bless the LORD your God
        Forever and ever!
        “Blessed be Your glorious name,
        Which is exalted above all blessing and praise!
        6You alone are the LORD;
        You have made heaven,
        The heaven of heavens, with all their host,
        The earth and everything on it,
        The seas and all that is in them,
        And You preserve them all.
        The host of heaven worships You.

        7”You are the LORD God,
        Who chose Abram,
        And brought him out of Ur of the Chaldeans,
        And gave him the name Abraham;
        8You found his heart faithful before You,
        And made a covenant with him
        To give the land of the Canaanites,
        The Hittites, the Amorites,
        The Perizzites, the Jebusites,
        And the Girgashites--
        To give it to his descendants.
        You have performed Your words,
        For You are righteous.

        9”You saw the affliction of our fathers in Egypt,
        And heard their cry by the Red Sea.
        10You showed signs and wonders against Pharaoh,
        Against all his servants,
        And against all the people of his land.
        For You knew that they acted proudly against them.
        So You made a name for Yourself, as it is this day.
        11And You divided the sea before them,
        So that they went through the midst of the sea on the dry land;
        And their persecutors You threw into the deep,
        As a stone into the mighty waters.
        12Moreover You led them by day with a cloudy pillar,
        And by night with a pillar of fire,
        To give them light on the road
        Which they should travel.

        13”You came down also on Mount Sinai,
        And spoke with them from heaven,
        And gave them just ordinances and true laws,
        Good statutes and commandments.
        14You made known to them Your holy Sabbath,
        And commanded them precepts, statutes and laws,
        By the hand of Moses Your servant.
        15You gave them bread from heaven for their hunger,
        And brought them water out of the rock for their thirst,
        And told them to go in to possess the land
        Which You had sworn to give them.

        16”But they and our fathers acted proudly,
        Hardened their necks,
        And did not heed Your commandments.
        17They refused to obey,
        And they were not mindful of Your wonders
        That You did among them.
        But they hardened their necks,
        And in their rebellion [Following Masoretic Text and Vulgate; Septuagint reads in Egypt]
        They appointed a leader
        To return to their bondage.
        But You are God,
        Ready to pardon,
        Gracious and merciful,
        Slow to anger,
        Abundant in kindness,
        And did not forsake them.

        18”Even when they made a molded calf for themselves,         And said, “This is your god
        That brought you up out of Egypt,’
        And worked great provocations,
        19Yet in Your manifold mercies
        You did not forsake them in the wilderness.
        The pillar of the cloud did not depart from them by day,
        To lead them on the road;
        Nor the pillar of fire by night,
        To show them light,
        And the way they should go.
        20You also gave Your good Spirit to instruct them,
        And did not withhold Your manna from their mouth,
        And gave them water for their thirst.
        21Forty years You sustained them in the wilderness;
        They lacked nothing;
        Their clothes did not wear out [Compare Deuteronomy 29:5]
        And their feet did not swell.

        22”Moreover You gave them kingdoms and nations,
        And divided them into districts. [Literally corners Following Masoretic Text and Vulgate; Septuagint omits The land of]
        So they took possession of the land of Sihon,
        The land of [Literally corners Following Masoretic Text and Vulgate; Septuagint omits The land of] the king of Heshbon,]
        And the land of Og king of Bashan.
        23You also multiplied their children as the stars of heaven,
        And brought them into the land
        Which You had told their fathers
        To go in and possess.
        24So the people went in
        And possessed the land;
        You subdued before them the inhabitants of the land,
        The Canaanites,
        And gave them into their hands,
        With their kings
        And the people of the land,
        That they might do with them as they wished.
        25And they took strong cities and a rich land,
        And possessed houses full of all goods,
        Cisterns already dug, vineyards, olive groves,
        And fruit trees in abundance.
        So they ate and were filled and grew fat,
        And delighted themselves in Your great goodness.

        26”Nevertheless they were disobedient
        And rebelled against You,
        Cast Your law behind their backs
        And killed Your prophets, who testified against them
        To turn them to Yourself;
        And they worked great provocations.
        27Therefore You delivered them into the hand of their enemies,
        Who oppressed them;
        And in the time of their trouble,
        When they cried to You,
        You heard from heaven;
        And according to Your abundant mercies
        You gave them deliverers who saved them
        From the hand of their enemies.

        28”But after they had rest,
        They again did evil before You.
        Therefore You left them in the hand of their enemies,
        So that they had dominion over them;
        Yet when they returned and cried out to You,
        You heard from heaven;
        And many times You delivered them according to Your mercies,
        29And testified against them,
        That You might bring them back to Your law.
        Yet they acted proudly,
        And did not heed Your commandments,
        But sinned against Your judgments,
        “Which if a man does, he shall live by them. [Leviticus 18:5]
        And they shrugged their shoulders,
        Stiffened their necks,
        And would not hear.
        30Yet for many years You had patience with them,
        And testified against them by Your Spirit in Your prophets.
        Yet they would not listen;
        Therefore You gave them into the hand of the peoples of the lands.
        31Nevertheless in Your great mercy
        You did not utterly consume them nor forsake them;
        For You are God, gracious and merciful.

 

Genesis 1:1
In the beginning God created the heavens and the earth.


Exodus 20:11
For in six days the LORD made the heavens and the earth, the sea, and all that is in them, and rested the seventh day. Therefore the LORD blessed the Sabbath day and hallowed it.





Genesis 11:31
And Terah took his son Abram and his grandson Lot, the son of Haran, and his daughter-in-law Sarai, his son Abram’s wife, and they went out with them from Ur of the Chaldeans to go to the land of Canaan; and they came to Haran and dwelt there.


Deuteronomy 7:1
“When the LORD your God brings you into the land which you go to possess, and has cast out many nations before you, the Hittites and the Girgashites and the Amorites and the Canaanites and the Perizzites and the Hivites and the Jebusites, seven nations greater and mightier than you,


Deuteronomy 11:3
His signs and His acts which He did in the midst of Egypt, to Pharaoh king of Egypt, and to all his land;


Deuteronomy 34:11
in all the signs and wonders which the LORD sent him to do in the land of Egypt, before Pharaoh, before all his servants, and in all his land,


Exodus 14:26-28

26Then the LORD said to Moses, “Stretch out your hand over the sea, that the waters may come back upon the Egyptians, on their chariots, and on their horsemen.” 27And Moses stretched out his hand over the sea; and when the morning appeared, the sea returned to its full depth, while the Egyptians were fleeing into it. So the LORD overthrew the Egyptians in the midst of the sea. 28Then the waters returned and covered the chariots, the horsemen, and all the army of Pharaoh that came into the sea after them. Not so much as one of them remained.


Exodus 13:21
And the LORD went before them by day in a pillar of cloud to lead the way, and by night in a pillar of fire to give them light, so as to go by day and night.


Exodus 34:32
Afterward all the children of Israel came near, and he gave them as commandments all that the LORD had spoken with him on Mount Sinai.


Deuteronomy 8:15-17
15who led you through that great and terrible wilderness, in which were fiery serpents and scorpions and thirsty land where there was no water; who brought water for you out of the flinty rock; 16who fed you in the wilderness with manna, which your fathers did not know, that He might humble you and that He might test you, to do you good in the end-- 17then you say in your heart, “My power and the might of my hand have gained me this wealth.’

 

Deuteronomy 9:1
“Hear, O Israel: You are to cross over the Jordan today, and go in to dispossess nations greater and mightier than yourself, cities great and fortified up to heaven,

 

Numbers 14:3-5

3Why has the LORD brought us to this land to fall by the sword, that our wives and children should become victims? Would it not be better for us to return to Egypt?” 4So they said to one another, “Let us select a leader and return to Egypt.”
5Then Moses and Aaron fell on their faces before all the assembly of the congregation of the children of Israel.

 

Exodus 32:3-4

3So all the people broke off the golden earrings which were in their ears, and brought them to Aaron. 4And he received the gold from their hand, and he fashioned it with an engraving tool, and made a molded calf.
Then they said, “This is your god, O Israel, that brought you out of the land of Egypt.”


Exodus 16:35
And the children of Israel ate manna forty years, until they came to an inhabited land; they ate manna until they came to the border of the land of Canaan.


Deuteronomy 29:5
And I have led you forty years in the wilderness. Your clothes have not worn out on you, and your sandals have not worn out on your feet.

 

 

 

 

 

Numbers 32:33
So Moses gave to the children of Gad, to the children of Reuben, and to half the tribe of Manasseh the son of Joseph, the kingdom of Sihon king of the Amorites and the kingdom of Og king of Bashan, the land with its cities within the borders, the cities of the surrounding country.

 

 

 

 

Numbers 21:3
And the LORD listened to the voice of Israel and delivered up the Canaanites, and they utterly destroyed them and their cities. So the name of that place was called Hormah.[Literally Utter Destruction]

Joshua 24:12-14
12I sent the hornet before you which drove them out from before you, also the two kings of the Amorites, but not with your sword or with your bow. 13I have given you a land for which you did not labor, and cities which you did not build, and you dwell in them; you eat of the vineyards and olive groves which you did not plant.’
14”Now therefore, fear the LORD, serve Him in sincerity and in truth, and put away the gods which your fathers served on the other side of the River and in Egypt. Serve the LORD.”

 

1 Kings 19:10
So he said, “I have been very zealous for the LORD God of hosts; for the children of Israel have forsaken Your covenant, torn down Your altars, and killed Your prophets with the sword. I alone am left; and they seek to take my life.”

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Leviticus 18:5
You shall therefore keep My statutes and My judgments, which if a man does, he shall live by them: I am the LORD.

 

33.  The genealogy of Ruth acknowledged.


Ruth 4:13-21

13 So Boaz took Ruth and she became his wife; and when he went in to her, the LORD gave her conception, and she bore a son. 14Then the women said to Naomi, “Blessed be the LORD, who has not left you this day without a close relative; and may his name be famous in Israel! 15And may he be to you a restorer of life and a nourisher of your old age; for your daughter-in-law, who loves you, who is better to you than seven sons, has borne him.” 16Then Naomi took the child and laid him on her bosom, and became a nurse to him. 17Also the neighbor women gave him a name, saying, “There is a son born to Naomi.” And they called his name Obed. He is the father of Jesse, the father of David.
18Now this is the genealogy of Perez: Perez begot Hezron; 19Hezron begot Ram, and Ram begot Amminadab; 20Amminadab begot Nahshon, and Nahshon begot Salmon; [Hebrew Salmah] 21Salmon begot Boaz, and Boaz begot Obed;

 

Matthew 1:2-6

1 The book of the genealogy of Jesus Christ, the Son of David, the Son of Abraham:

2Abraham begot Isaac, Isaac begot Jacob, and Jacob begot Judah and his brothers. 3Judah begot Perez and Zerah by Tamar, Perez begot Hezron, and Hezron begot Ram. 4Ram begot Amminadab, Amminadab begot Nahshon, and Nahshon begot Salmon. 5Salmon begot Boaz by Rahab, Boaz begot Obed by Ruth, Obed begot Jesse, 6and Jesse begot David the king.
David the king begot Solomon by her who had been the wife of Uriah.

Genesis 46:12
The sons of Judah were Er, Onan, Shelah, Perez, and Zerah (but Er and Onan died in the land of Canaan). The sons of Perez were Hezron and Hamul.

Numbers 26:21
And the sons of Perez were: of Hezron, the family of the Hezronites; of Hamul, the family of the Hamulites.

1 Chronicles 2:4-5

4And Tamar, his daughter-in-law, bore him Perez and Zerah. All the sons of Judah were five.
5The sons of Perez were Hezron and Hamul.

 


34. God’s judgment upon
Moab.


2 Chronicles 20:1
It happened after this that the people of Moab with the people of Ammon, and others with them besides the Ammonites,[20:1 Following Masoretic Text and Vulgate; Septuagint reads [Meunites ] (compare 26:7)] came to battle against Jehoshaphat.

Isaiah 15
5”My heart will cry out for Moab;
        His fugitives shall flee to Zoar,
        Like a three-year-old heifer. [Or The Third Eglath, an unknown city (compare Jeremiah 48:34)]
        For by the Ascent of Luhith
        They will go up with weeping;
        For in the way of Horonaim
        They will raise up a cry of destruction,

 

Jeremiah 48:1-47

1 Against Moab.
Thus says the LORD of hosts, the God of Israel:
        “Woe to Nebo!
        For it is plundered,
        Kirjathaim is shamed and taken;
        The high stronghold [Hebrew Misgab] is shamed and dismayed--
        2No more praise of Moab.
        In Heshbon they have devised evil against her:
        “Come, and let us cut her off as a nation.’
        You also shall be cut down, O Madmen! [A city of Moab]
        The sword shall pursue you;
        3A voice of crying shall be from Horonaim:
        “Plundering and great destruction!’
        4Moab is destroyed;
        Her little ones have caused a cry to be heard; [Following Masoretic Text, Targum, and Vulgate; Septuagint reads Proclaim it in Zoar]
        5For in the Ascent of Luhith they ascend with continual weeping;
        For in the descent of Horonaim the enemies have heard a cry of destruction.
        6”Flee, save your lives!
        And be like the juniper [Or Aroer, a city of Moab in the wilderness]
        7For because you have trusted in your works and your treasures,
        You also shall be taken.
        And Chemosh shall go forth into captivity,
        His priests and his princes together.
        8And the plunderer shall come against every city;
        No one shall escape.
        The valley also shall perish,
        And the plain shall be destroyed,
        As the LORD has spoken.

        9”Give wings to Moab,
        That she may flee and get away;
        For her cities shall be desolate,
        Without any to dwell in them.
        10Cursed is he who does the work of the LORD deceitfully,
        And cursed is he who keeps back his sword from blood.
        11Moab has been at ease from his [The Hebrew uses masculine and feminine pronouns interchangeably in this chapter] youth;
        He has settled on his dregs,
        And has not been emptied from vessel to vessel,
        Nor has he gone into captivity.
        Therefore his taste remained in him,
        And his scent has not changed.
        12”Therefore behold, the days are coming,” says the LORD,
        “That I shall send him wine-workers
        Who will tip him over
        And empty his vessels
        And break the bottles.
        13Moab shall be ashamed of Chemosh,
        As the house of Israel was ashamed of Bethel, their confidence.
        14”How can you say, “We are mighty
        And strong men for the war’?
        15Moab is plundered and gone up from her cities;
        Her chosen young men have gone down to the slaughter,” says the King,
        Whose name is the LORD of hosts.
        16”The calamity of Moab is near at hand,
        And his affliction comes quickly.
        17Bemoan him, all you who are around him;
        And all you who know his name,
        Say, “How the strong staff is broken,
        The beautiful rod!’
        18”O daughter inhabiting Dibon,
        Come down from your glory,
        And sit in thirst;
        For the plunderer of Moab has come against you,
        He has destroyed your strongholds.
        19O inhabitant of Aroer,
        Stand by the way and watch;
        Ask him who flees
        And her who escapes;
        Say, “What has happened?’
        20Moab is shamed, for he is broken down.
        Wail and cry!
        Tell it in Arnon, that Moab is plundered.
        21”And judgment has come on the plain country:
        On Holon and Jahzah and Mephaath,
        22On Dibon and Nebo and Beth Diblathaim,
        23On Kirjathaim and Beth Gamul and Beth Meon,
        24On Kerioth and Bozrah,
        On all the cities of the land of Moab,
        Far or near.
        25The horn of Moab is cut off,
        And his arm is broken,” says the LORD.
        26”Make him drunk,
        Because he exalted himself against the LORD.
        Moab shall wallow in his vomit,
        And he shall also be in derision.
        27For was not Israel a derision to you?
        Was he found among thieves?
        For whenever you speak of him,
        You shake your head in scorn.
        28You who dwell in Moab,
        Leave the cities and dwell in the rock,
        And be like the dove which makes her nest
        In the sides of the cave’s mouth.
        29”We have heard the pride of Moab
        (He is exceedingly proud),
        Of his loftiness and arrogance and pride,
        And of the haughtiness of his heart.”
        30”I know his wrath,” says the LORD,
        “But it is not right;
        His lies have made nothing right.
        31Therefore I will wail for Moab,
        And I will cry out for all Moab;
        I [Following Dead Sea Scrolls, Septuagint, and Vulgate; Masoretic Text reads He] will mourn for the men of Kir Heres.
        32O vine of Sibmah! I will weep for you with the weeping of Jazer.
        Your plants have gone over the sea,
        They reach to the sea of Jazer.
        The plunderer has fallen on your summer fruit and your vintage.
        33Joy and gladness are taken
        From the plentiful field
        And from the land of Moab;
        I have caused wine to fail from the winepresses;
        No one will tread with joyous shouting--
        Not joyous shouting!
        34”From the cry of Heshbon to Elealeh and to Jahaz
        They have uttered their voice,
        From Zoar to Horonaim,
        Like a three-year-old heifer; [Or The Third Eglath, an unknown city (compare Isaiah 15:5)]
        For the waters of Nimrim also shall be desolate.
        35”Moreover,” says the LORD,
        “I will cause to cease in Moab
        The one who offers sacrifices in the high places
        And burns incense to his gods.
        36Therefore My heart shall wail like flutes for Moab,
        And like flutes My heart shall wail
        For the men of Kir Heres.
        Therefore the riches they have acquired have perished.
        37”For every head shall be bald, and every beard clipped;
        On all the hands shall be cuts, and on the loins sackcloth--
        38A general lamentation
        On all the housetops of Moab,
        And in its streets;
        For I have broken Moab like a vessel in which is no pleasure,” says the LORD.
        39”They shall wail:
        “How she is broken down!
        How Moab has turned her back with shame!’
        So Moab shall be a derision
        And a dismay to all those about her.”
40For thus says the LORD:
        “Behold, one shall fly like an eagle,
        And spread his wings over Moab.
        41Kerioth is taken,
        And the strongholds are surprised;
        The mighty men’s hearts in Moab on that day shall be
        Like the heart of a woman in birth pangs.
        42And Moab shall be destroyed as a people,
        Because he exalted himself against the LORD.
        43Fear and the pit and the snare shall be upon you,
        O inhabitant of Moab,” says the LORD.
        44”He who flees from the fear shall fall into the pit,
        And he who gets out of the pit shall be caught in the snare.
        For upon Moab, upon it I will bring
        The year of their punishment,” says the LORD.
        45”Those who fled stood under the shadow of Heshbon
        Because of exhaustion.
        But a fire shall come out of Heshbon,
        A flame from the midst of Sihon,
        And shall devour the brow of Moab,
        The crown of the head of the sons of tumult.
        46Woe to you, O Moab!
        The people of Chemosh perish;
        For your sons have been taken captive,
        And your daughters captive.
        47”Yet I will bring back the captives of Moab
        In the latter days,” says the LORD.
Thus far is the judgment of Moab.

 


35. Independent references to the Canaanite god Baal.

2 Chronicles 28:2
For he walked in the ways of the kings of Israel, and made molded images for the Baals.

2 Chronicles 33:3
For he rebuilt the high places which Hezekiah his father had broken down; he raised up altars for the Baals, and made wooden images; and he worshiped all the host of heaven [The gods of the Assyrians] and served them.

2 Chronicles 34:4
They broke down the altars of the Baals in his presence, and the incense altars which were above them he cut down; and the wooden images, the carved images, and the molded images he broke in pieces, and made dust of them and scattered it on the graves of those who had sacrificed to them.

Jeremiah 7:9
Will you steal, murder, commit adultery, swear falsely, burn incense to Baal, and walk after other gods whom you do not know,

Jeremiah 11:17
“For the LORD of hosts, who planted you, has pronounced doom against you for the evil of the house of Israel and of the house of Judah, which they have done against themselves to provoke Me to anger in offering incense to Baal.”

Jeremiah 23:13
“And I have seen folly in the prophets of Samaria: They prophesied by Baal And caused My people Israel to err.

Jeremiah 32:29
And the Chaldeans who fight against this city shall come and set fire to this city and burn it, with the houses on whose roofs they have offered incense to Baal and poured out drink offerings to other gods, to provoke Me to anger;

Jeremiah 32:35
And they built the high places of Baal which are in the Valley of the Son of Hinnom, to cause their sons and their daughters to pass through the fire to Molech, which I did not command them, nor did it come into My mind that they should do this abomination, to cause Judah to sin.’
 

Hosea 11:2
As they called them, [Following Masoretic Text and Vulgate; Septuagint reads Just as I called them; Targum interprets as I sent prophets to a thousand of them] So they went from them; [Following Masoretic Text, Targum, and Vulgate; Septuagint reads from My face] They sacrificed to the Baals, And burned incense to carved images.

Hosea 13:1
When Ephraim spoke, trembling, He exalted himself in Israel; But when he offended through Baal worship, he died.

Zephaniah 1:4
“I will stretch out My hand against Judah, And against all the inhabitants of Jerusalem. I will cut off every trace of Baal from this place, The names of the idolatrous priests[Hebrew chemarim] with the pagan priests--

Romans 11:4
But what does the divine response say to him? “I have reserved for Myself seven thousand men who have not bowed the knee to Baal.” [1 Kings 19:18]

Judges 2:11
Then the children of Israel did evil in the sight of the LORD, and served the Baals;

 

Judges 2:13
They forsook the LORD and served Baal and the Ashtoreths. [Canaanite goddesses]

 

Judges 3:7
So the children of Israel did evil in the sight of the LORD. They forgot the LORD their God, and served the Baals and Asherahs. [Name or symbol for Canaanite goddesses]

 

Judges 6:25
Now it came to pass the same night that the LORD said to him, “Take your father’s young bull, the second bull of seven years old, and tear down the altar of Baal that your father has, and cut down the wooden image [Hebrew Asherah, a Canaanite goddess] that is beside it;

 

Judges 6:28
And when the men of the city arose early in the morning, there was the altar of Baal, torn down; and the wooden image that was beside it was cut down, and the second bull was being offered on the altar which had been built.

 

Judges 8:33
So it was, as soon as Gideon was dead, that the children of
Israel again played the harlot with the Baals, and made Baal-Berith their god.

 

Judges 10:10
And the children of Israel cried out to the LORD, saying, “We have sinned against You, because we have both forsaken our God and served the Baals!”

 

1 Samuel 7:4
So the children of Israel put away the Baals and the Ashtoreths, [Canaanite goddesses] and served the LORD only.

 

1 Samuel 12:10
Then they cried out to the LORD, and said, “We have sinned, because we have forsaken the LORD and served the Baals and Ashtoreths; [Canaanite goddesses] but now deliver us from the hand of our enemies, and we will serve You.’

 

1 Kings 16:32
Then he set up an altar for Baal in the temple of Baal, which he had built in Samaria.

 

1 Kings 18:17-19

17Then it happened, when Ahab saw Elijah, that Ahab said to him, “Is that you, O troubler of Israel?”
18And he answered, “I have not troubled Israel, but you and your father’s house have, in that you have forsaken the commandments of the LORD and have followed the Baals. 19Now therefore, send and gather all Israel to me on Mount Carmel, the four hundred and fifty prophets of Baal, and the four hundred prophets of Asherah, [A Canaanite goddess] who eat at Jezebel’s table.”

 

1 Kings 18:20-40

20 So Ahab sent for all the children of Israel, and gathered the prophets together on Mount Carmel. 21And Elijah came to all the people, and said, “How long will you falter between two opinions? If the LORD is God, follow Him; but if Baal, follow him.” But the people answered him not a word. 22Then Elijah said to the people, “I alone am left a prophet of the LORD; but Baal’s prophets are four hundred and fifty men. 23Therefore let them give us two bulls; and let them choose one bull for themselves, cut it in pieces, and lay it on the wood, but put no fire under it; and I will prepare the other bull, and lay it on the wood, but put no fire under it. 24Then you call on the name of your gods, and I will call on the name of the LORD; and the God who answers by fire, He is God.”
So all the people answered and said, “It is well spoken.”
25Now Elijah said to the prophets of Baal, “Choose one bull for yourselves and prepare it first, for you are many; and call on the name of your god, but put no fire under it.”
26So they took the bull which was given them, and they prepared it, and called on the name of Baal from morning even till noon, saying, “O Baal, hear us!” But there was no voice; no one answered. Then they leaped about the altar which they had made.
27And so it was, at noon, that Elijah mocked them and said, “Cry aloud, for he is a god; either he is meditating, or he is busy, or he is on a journey, or perhaps he is sleeping and must be awakened.” 28So they cried aloud, and cut themselves, as was their custom, with knives and lances, until the blood gushed out on them. 29And when midday was past, they prophesied until the time of the offering of the evening sacrifice. But there was no voice; no one answered, no one paid attention.
30Then Elijah said to all the people, “Come near to me.” So all the people came near to him. And he repaired the altar of the LORD that was broken down. 31And Elijah took twelve stones, according to the number of the tribes of the sons of Jacob, to whom the word of the LORD had come, saying, “Israel shall be your name.” [Genesis 32:28] 32Then with the stones he built an altar in the name of the LORD; and he made a trench around the altar large enough to hold two seahs of seed. 33And he put the wood in order, cut the bull in pieces, and laid it on the wood, and said, “Fill four waterpots with water, and pour it on the burnt sacrifice and on the wood.” 34Then he said, “Do it a second time,” and they did it a second time; and he said, “Do it a third time,” and they did it a third time. 35So the water ran all around the altar; and he also filled the trench with water.
36And it came to pass, at the time of the offering of the evening sacrifice, that Elijah the prophet came near and said, “LORD God of Abraham, Isaac, and Israel, let it be known this day that You are God in Israel and I am Your servant, and that I have done all these things at Your word. 37Hear me, O LORD, hear me, that this people may know that You are the LORD God, and that You have turned their hearts back to You again.”
38Then the fire of the LORD fell and consumed the burnt sacrifice, and the wood and the stones and the dust, and it licked up the water that was in the trench. 39Now when all the people saw it, they fell on their faces; and they said, “The LORD, He is God! The LORD, He is God!”
40And Elijah said to them, “Seize the prophets of Baal! Do not let one of them escape!” So they seized them; and Elijah brought them down to the Brook Kishon and executed them there.

 

1 Kings 19:18
Yet I have reserved seven thousand in
Israel, all whose knees have not bowed to Baal, and every mouth that has not kissed him.”

 

2 Kings 10:19
Now therefore, call to me all the prophets of Baal, all his servants, and all his priests. Let no one be missing, for I have a great sacrifice for Baal. Whoever is missing shall not live.” But Jehu acted deceptively, with the intent of destroying the worshipers of Baal.

 

2 Kings 10:28
Thus Jehu destroyed Baal from Israel.

 

2 Kings 17:16
So they left all the commandments of the LORD their God, made for themselves a molded image and two calves, made a wooden image and worshiped all the host of heaven, and served Baal.

 

2 Kings 21:3
For he rebuilt the high places which Hezekiah his father had destroyed; he raised up altars for Baal, and made a wooden image, [Hebrew Asherah, a Canaanite goddess] as Ahab king of Israel had done; and he worshiped all the host of heaven [The gods of the Assryians] and served them.

 

2 Kings 23:4
And the king commanded Hilkiah the high priest, the priests of the second order, and the doorkeepers, to bring out of the temple of the LORD all the articles that were made for Baal, for Asherah, [A Canaanite goddess] and for all the host of heaven; [The gods of the Assyrians] and he burned them outside Jerusalem in the fields of Kidron, and carried their ashes to Bethel.

 

 


36. Daniel refers to Jeremiah the Prophet.


Daniel 9:2
in the first year of his reign I, Daniel, understood by the books the number of the years specified by the word of the LORD through Jeremiah the prophet, that He would accomplish seventy years in the desolations of Jerusalem.

Jeremiah 25:11
And this whole land shall be a desolation and an astonishment, and these nations shall serve the king of Babylon seventy years.

 

Jeremiah 25:12
“Then it will come to pass, when seventy years are completed, that I will punish the king of Babylon and that nation, the land of the Chaldeans, for their iniquity,’ says the LORD; “and I will make it a perpetual desolation.

Jeremiah 29:10
For thus says the LORD: After seventy years are completed at Babylon, I will visit you and perform My good word toward you, and cause you to return to this place.

 

 


37.  Daniel endorses Scripture.


Daniel 10:21
But I will tell you what is noted in the Scripture of Truth. (No one upholds me against these, except Michael your prince.

 


38. Ezekiel refers to Noah, Daniel and Job.


Ezekiel 14:12-14

12 The word of the LORD came again to me, saying: 13”Son of man, when a land sins against Me by persistent unfaithfulness, I will stretch out My hand against it; I will cut off its supply of bread, send famine on it, and cut off man and beast from it. 14Even if these three men, Noah, Daniel, and Job, were in it, they would deliver only themselves by their righteousness,” says the Lord GOD.

Ezekiel 14:19-21

19”Or if I send a pestilence into that land and pour out My fury on it in blood, and cut off from it man and beast, 20even though Noah, Daniel, and Job were in it, as I live,” says the Lord GOD, “they would deliver neither son nor daughter; they would deliver only themselves by their righteousness.”
21For thus says the Lord GOD: “How much more it shall be when I send My four severe judgments on Jerusalem--the sword and famine and wild beasts and pestilence--to cut off man and beast from it?

 

 

39. The prophecy of Micah.


Jeremiah 26:17-19

17Then certain of the elders of the land rose up and spoke to all the assembly of the people, saying: 18”Micah of Moresheth prophesied in the days of Hezekiah king of Judah, and spoke to all the people of Judah, saying, “Thus says the LORD of hosts:
        “Zion shall be plowed like a field,
        Jerusalem shall become heaps of ruins,
        And the mountain of the temple [Literally house]
        Like the bare hills of the forest.”‘
19Did Hezekiah king of Judah and all Judah ever put him to death? Did he not fear the LORD and seek the LORD’s favor? And the LORD relented concerning the doom which He had pronounced against them. But we are doing great evil against ourselves.”

Lamentations 2:9
Her gates have sunk into the ground; He has destroyed and broken her bars. Her king and her princes are among the nations; The Law is no more, And her prophets find no vision from the LORD.

 

Micah 1:1
The word of the LORD that came to Micah of Moresheth in the days of Jotham, Ahaz, and Hezekiah, kings of Judah, which he saw concerning Samaria and Jerusalem.

Micah 3:12
Therefore because of you Zion shall be plowed like a field, Jerusalem shall become heaps of ruins, And the mountain of the temple [Literally house] Like the bare hills of the forest.

 

 

B. Jesus confirmed specific historical events and persons in the Hebrew Scriptures.

Jesus accepted the Hebrew Scriptures as historically true.


1.  The creation of Adam and Eve.


Matthew 19:3-5

3The Pharisees also came to Him, testing Him, and saying to Him, “Is it lawful for a man to divorce his wife for just any reason?”
4And He answered and said to them, “Have you not read that He who made [NU-Text reads created] them at the beginning “made them male and female,’ [Genesis 1:27; 5:2] 5and said, “For this reason a man shall leave his father and mother and be joined to his wife, and the two shall become one flesh’? [Genesis 2:24]

Mark 10:8
and the two shall become one flesh’; [Genesis 2:24] so then they are no longer two, but one flesh.

Genesis 1:27
So God created man in His own image; in the image of God He created him; male and female He created them.

Genesis 2:24
Therefore a man shall leave his father and mother and be joined to his wife, and they shall become one flesh.

Genesis 5:2
He created them male and female, and blessed them and called them Mankind in the day they were created.


See also

Dr. Norman Geisler.  “Was Adam a Real, Historical Person?”

http://www.ankerberg.com/Articles/theological-dictionary/TD0401W3.htm

(from Baker Enyclopedia of Christian Apologetics, Baker, 1999)

2.  Jesus acknowledged the concept of marriage.

Matthew 19:5
and said, “For this reason a man shall leave his father and mother and be joined to his wife, and the two shall become one flesh’? [Genesis
2:24]

Mark 10:8
and the two shall become one flesh’; [Genesis
2:24] so then they are no longer two, but one flesh.

Genesis 2:24
Therefore a man shall leave his father and mother and be joined to his wife, and they shall become one flesh.

 

3.  Noah and the Genesis Flood.

Matthew 24:37-39

37But as the days of Noah were, so also will the coming of the Son of Man be. 38For as in the days before the flood, they were eating and drinking, marrying and giving in marriage, until the day that Noah entered the ark, 39and did not know until the flood came and took them all away, so also will the coming of the Son of Man be.

 

Luke 17:26-28

26And as it was in the days of Noah, so it will be also in the days of the Son of Man: 27They ate, they drank, they married wives, they were given in marriage, until the day that Noah entered the ark, and the flood came and destroyed them all. 28Likewise as it was also in the days of Lot: They ate, they drank, they bought, they sold, they planted, they built;

Genesis 6:8-10

8But Noah found grace in the eyes of the LORD.
9 This is the genealogy of Noah. Noah was a just man, perfect in his generations. Noah walked with God. 10And Noah begot three sons: Shem, Ham, and Japheth.

 

Genesis 7:11
In the six hundredth year of Noah’s life, in the second month, the seventeenth day of the month, on that day all the fountains of the great deep were broken up, and the windows of heaven were opened.

 

Genesis 7:23
So He destroyed all living things which were on the face of the ground: both man and cattle, creeping thing and bird of the air. They were destroyed from the earth. Only Noah and those who were with him in the ark remained alive.

 

Genesis 9:16-18

16The rainbow shall be in the cloud, and I will look on it to remember the everlasting covenant between God and every living creature of all flesh that is on the earth.” 17And God said to Noah, “This is the sign of the covenant which I have established between Me and all flesh that is on the earth.”
18 Now the sons of Noah who went out of the ark were Shem, Ham, and Japheth. And Ham was the father of Canaan.

 

Genesis 9:19
These three were the sons of Noah, and from these the whole earth was populated.

 

Genesis 9:29
So all the days of Noah were nine hundred and fifty years; and he died.

 

Genesis 10:1-2

1 Now this is the genealogy of the sons of Noah: Shem, Ham, and Japheth. And sons were born to them after the flood.
2The sons of Japheth were Gomer, Magog, Madai, Javan, Tubal, Meshech, and Tiras.

 

4.  The Patriarchs.

 

Matthew 8:11
And I say to you that many will come from east and west, and sit down with Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob in the kingdom of heaven.

 

Matthew 22:32
“I am the God of Abraham, the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob’? [Exodus 3:6, 15] God is not the God of the dead, but of the living.”

 

Mark 12:26
But concerning the dead, that they rise, have you not read in the book of Moses, in the burning bush passage, how God spoke to him, saying, “I am the God of Abraham, the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob’? [Exodus 3:6, 15]

 

Luke 13:28
There will be weeping and gnashing of teeth, when you see Abraham and Isaac and Jacob and all the prophets in the
kingdom of God, and yourselves thrust out.

 

Luke 20:37
But even Moses showed in the burning bush passage that the dead are raised, when he called the Lord “the God of Abraham, the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob.” [Exodus 3:6, 15]

 

John 8:31-59

31 Then Jesus said to those Jews who believed Him, “If you abide in My word, you are My disciples indeed. 32And you shall know the truth, and the truth shall make you free.”
33They answered Him, “We are Abraham’s descendants, and have never been in bondage to anyone. How can You say, “You will be made free’?”
34Jesus answered them, “Most assuredly, I say to you, whoever commits sin is a slave of sin. 35And a slave does not abide in the house forever, but a son abides forever. 36Therefore if the Son makes you free, you shall be free indeed.

37 “I know that you are Abraham’s descendants, but you seek to kill Me, because My word has no place in you. 38I speak what I have seen with My Father, and you do what you have seen with [NU-Text reads heard from] your father.”
39They answered and said to Him, “Abraham is our father.”
Jesus said to them, “If you were Abraham’s children, you would do the works of Abraham. 40But now you seek to kill Me, a Man who has told you the truth which I heard from God. Abraham did not do this. 41You do the deeds of your father.”
Then they said to Him, “We were not born of fornication; we have one Father--God.”
42Jesus said to them, “If God were your Father, you would love Me, for I proceeded forth and came from God; nor have I come of Myself, but He sent Me. 43Why do you not understand My speech? Because you are not able to listen to My word. 44You are of your father the devil, and the desires of your father you want to do. He was a murderer from the beginning, and does not stand in the truth, because there is no truth in him. When he speaks a lie, he speaks from his own resources, for he is a liar and the father of it. 45But because I tell the truth, you do not believe Me. 46Which of you convicts Me of sin? And if I tell the truth, why do you not believe Me? 47He who is of God hears God’s words; therefore you do not hear, because you are not of God.”

48 Then the Jews answered and said to Him, “Do we not say rightly that You are a Samaritan and have a demon?”
49Jesus answered, “I do not have a demon; but I honor My Father, and you dishonor Me. 50And I do not seek My own glory; there is One who seeks and judges. 51Most assuredly, I say to you, if anyone keeps My word he shall never see death.”
52Then the Jews said to Him, “Now we know that You have a demon! Abraham is dead, and the prophets; and You say, “If anyone keeps My word he shall never taste death.’ 53Are You greater than our father Abraham, who is dead? And the prophets are dead. Who do You make Yourself out to be?”
54Jesus answered, “If I honor Myself, My honor is nothing. It is My Father who honors Me, of whom you say that He is your [NU-Text and M-Text read our] God. 55Yet you have not known Him, but I know Him. And if I say, “I do not know Him,’ I shall be a liar like you; but I do know Him and keep His word. 56Your father Abraham rejoiced to see My day, and he saw it and was glad.”
57Then the Jews said to Him, “You are not yet fifty years old, and have You seen Abraham?”
58Jesus said to them, “Most assuredly, I say to you, before Abraham was, I AM.”
59Then they took up stones to throw at Him; but Jesus hid Himself and went out of the temple, [NU-Text omits the rest of this verse] going through the midst of them, and so passed by.

 

John 8:56
Your father Abraham rejoiced to see My day, and he saw it and was glad.”

 

 

Genesis 31:53
The God of Abraham, the God of Nahor, and the God of their father judge between us.” And Jacob swore by the Fear of his father Isaac.

 

Genesis 32:9
Then Jacob said, “O God of my father Abraham and God of my father Isaac, the LORD who said to me, “Return to your country and to your family, and I will deal well with you’:

 

Genesis 50:24
And Joseph said to his brethren, “I am dying; but God will surely visit you, and bring you out of this land to the land of which He swore to Abraham, to Isaac, and to Jacob.”

 

Exodus 2:24
So God heard their groaning, and God remembered His covenant with Abraham, with Isaac, and with Jacob.

 

Exodus 3:6
Moreover He said, “I am the God of your father--the God of Abraham, the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob.” And Moses hid his face, for he was afraid to look upon God.

 

Exodus 3:14-16
14And God said to Moses, “I AM WHO I AM.” And He said, “Thus you shall say to the children of Israel, “I AM has sent me to you.”‘ 15Moreover God said to Moses, “Thus you shall say to the children of Israel: “The LORD God of your fathers, the God of Abraham, the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob, has sent me to you. This is My name forever, and this is My memorial to all generations.’ 16Go and gather the elders of Israel together, and say to them, “The LORD God of your fathers, the God of Abraham, of Isaac, and of Jacob, appeared to me, saying, “I have surely visited you and seen what is done to you in Egypt;

 

Exodus 4:5
“that they may believe that the LORD God of their fathers, the God of Abraham, the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob, has appeared to you.”

 

Exodus 6:3
I appeared to Abraham, to Isaac, and to Jacob, as God Almighty, but by My name LORD [Hebrew YHWH, traditionally Jehovah] I was not known to them.

 

Exodus 33:1
Then the LORD said to Moses, “Depart and go up from here, you and the people whom you have brought out of the land of Egypt, to the land of which I swore to Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob, saying, “To your descendants I will give it.’

 

Deuteronomy 6:10
“So it shall be, when the LORD your God brings you into the land of which He swore to your fathers, to Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob, to give you large and beautiful cities which you did not build,

 

Deuteronomy 9:5
It is not because of your righteousness or the uprightness of your heart that you go in to possess their land, but because of the wickedness of these nations that the LORD your God drives them out from before you, and that He may fulfill the word which the LORD swore to your fathers, to Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob.

Deuteronomy 29:13
that He may establish you today as a people for Himself, and that He may be God to you, just as He has spoken to you, and just as He has sworn to your fathers, to Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob.

Deuteronomy 30:20
that you may love the LORD your God, that you may obey His voice, and that you may cling to Him, for He is your life and the length of your days; and that you may dwell in the land which the LORD swore to your fathers, to Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob, to give them.”

 

 


5. 
Lot and the destruction of Sodom and Gomorrah.


Luke 17:28-32
28Likewise as it was also in the days of Lot: They ate, they drank, they bought, they sold, they planted, they built; 29but on the day that Lot went out of Sodom it rained fire and brimstone from heaven and destroyed them all. 30Even so will it be in the day when the Son of Man is revealed.
31”In that day, he who is on the housetop, and his goods are in the house, let him not come down to take them away. And likewise the one who is in the field, let him not turn back. 32Remember Lot’s wife.

 

Genesis 19:23-26

23The sun had risen upon the earth when Lot entered Zoar. 24Then the LORD rained brimstone and fire on Sodom and Gomorrah, from the LORD out of the heavens. 25So He overthrew those cities, all the plain, all the inhabitants of the cities, and what grew on the ground.
26But his wife looked back behind him, and she became a pillar of salt.

 

 

6.  Moses at the burning bush.

Mark 12:26
But concerning the dead, that they rise, have you not read in the book of Moses, in the burning bush passage, how God spoke to him, saying, “I am the God of Abraham, the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob’? [Exodus 3:6, 15]

Luke 20:37
But even Moses showed in the burning bush passage that the dead are raised, when he called the Lord “the God of Abraham, the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob.’ [Exodus 3:6, 15]

John 5:45-47

45Do not think that I shall accuse you to the Father; there is one who accuses you--Moses, in whom you trust. 46For if you believed Moses, you would believe Me; for he wrote about Me. 47But if you do not believe his writings, how will you believe My words?”

 

Exodus 3:2
And the Angel of the LORD appeared to him in a flame of fire from the midst of a bush. So he looked, and behold, the bush was burning with fire, but the bush was not consumed.

 

Exodus 3:5-7

5Then He said, “Do not draw near this place. Take your sandals off your feet, for the place where you stand is holy ground.” 6Moreover He said, “I am the God of your father--the God of Abraham, the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob.” And Moses hid his face, for he was afraid to look upon God.
7And the LORD said: “I have surely seen the oppression of My people who are in Egypt, and have heard their cry because of their taskmasters, for I know their sorrows.

Exodus 3:14-16
14And God said to Moses, “I AM WHO I AM.” And He said, “Thus you shall say to the children of Israel, “I AM has sent me to you.”‘ 15Moreover God said to Moses, “Thus you shall say to the children of Israel: “The LORD God of your fathers, the God of Abraham, the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob, has sent me to you. This is My name forever, and this is My memorial to all generations.’ 16Go and gather the elders of Israel together, and say to them, “The LORD God of your fathers, the God of Abraham, of Isaac, and of Jacob, appeared to me, saying, “I have surely visited you and seen what is done to you in Egypt;


7.  David eating the showbread.

Matthew 12:3-5

3But He said to them, “Have you not read what David did when he was hungry, he and those who were with him: 4how he entered the house of God and ate the showbread which was not lawful for him to eat, nor for those who were with him, but only for the priests? 5Or have you not read in the law that on the Sabbath the priests in the temple profane the Sabbath, and are blameless?

 

Mark 2:25-27

25But He said to them, “Have you never read what David did when he was in need and hungry, he and those with him: 26how he went into the house of God in the days of Abiathar the high priest, and ate the showbread, which is not lawful to eat except for the priests, and also gave some to those who were with him?”
27And He said to them, “The Sabbath was made for man, and not man for the Sabbath.

 

Luke 6:3-5

3But Jesus answering them said, “Have you not even read this, what David did when he was hungry, he and those who were with him: 4how he went into the house of God, took and ate the showbread, and also gave some to those with him, which is not lawful for any but the priests to eat?” 5And He said to them, “The Son of Man is also Lord of the Sabbath.”

1 Samuel 21:2-6
2So David said to Ahimelech the priest, “The king has ordered me on some business, and said to me, “Do not let anyone know anything about the business on which I send you, or what I have commanded you.’ And I have directed my young men to such and such a place. 3Now therefore, what have you on hand? Give me five loaves of bread in my hand, or whatever can be found.” 4And the priest answered David and said, “There is no common bread on hand; but there is holy bread, if the young men have at least kept themselves from women.”
5Then David answered the priest, and said to him, “Truly, women have been kept from us about three days since I came out. And the vessels of the young men are holy, and the bread is in effect common, even though it was consecrated in the vessel this day.”
6So the priest gave him holy bread; for there was no bread there but the showbread which had been taken from before the LORD, in order to put hot bread in its place on the day when it was taken away.

 

 

8. The Queen of Sheba visiting Solomon.

 

Matthew 12:42
The queen of the South will rise up in the judgment with this generation and condemn it, for she came from the ends of the earth to hear the wisdom of Solomon; and indeed a greater than Solomon is here.

Luke 11:31
The queen of the South will rise up in the judgment with the men of this generation and condemn them, for she came from the ends of the earth to hear the wisdom of Solomon; and indeed a greater than Solomon is here.

1 Kings 10:1-2
1 Now when the queen of Sheba heard of the fame of Solomon concerning the name of the LORD, she came to test him with hard questions. 2She came to Jerusalem with a very great retinue, with camels that bore spices, very much gold, and precious stones; and when she came to Solomon, she spoke with him about all that was in her heart.

2 Chronicles 9:1-2

1 Now when the queen of Sheba heard of the fame of Solomon, she came to Jerusalem to test Solomon with hard questions, having a very great retinue, camels that bore spices, gold in abundance, and precious stones; and when she came to Solomon, she spoke with him about all that was in her heart. 2So Solomon answered all her questions; there was nothing so difficult for Solomon that he could not explain it to her.

                 

9.  The Exodus.

John 6:31-33

31Our fathers ate the manna in the desert; as it is written, “He gave them bread from heaven to eat.”‘  [Exodus 16:4; Nehemiah 9:15; Psalm 78:24]
32Then Jesus said to them, “Most assuredly, I say to you, Moses did not give you the bread from heaven, but My Father gives you the true bread from heaven. 33For the bread of God is He who comes down from heaven and gives life to the world.”

 

John 6:58
This is the bread which came down from heaven--not as your fathers ate the manna, and are dead. He who eats this bread will live forever.”

 

Exodus 16:4
Then the LORD said to Moses, “Behold, I will rain bread from heaven for you. And the people shall go out and gather a certain quota every day, that I may test them, whether they will walk in My law or not.

 

Nehemiah 9:15
You gave them bread from heaven for their hunger, And brought them water out of the rock for their thirst, And told them to go in to possess the land Which You had sworn to give them.

 

Psalm 78:24
Had rained down manna on them to eat, And given them of the bread of heaven.

 

Psalm 105:40
The people asked, and He brought quail, And satisfied them with the bread of heaven.

 

 

10.  Tyre and Sidon.

 

Matthew 11:21
“Woe to you, Chorazin! Woe to you, Bethsaida! For if the mighty works which were done in you had been done in Tyre and Sidon, they would have repented long ago in sackcloth and ashes.

Luke 10:13
“Woe to you, Chorazin! Woe to you,
Bethsaida! For if the mighty works which were done in you had been done in Tyre and Sidon, they would have repented long ago, sitting in sackcloth and ashes.

 

Ezekiel 28:1-24

1 The word of the LORD came to me again, saying, 2”Son of man, say to the prince of Tyre, “Thus says the Lord GOD:
        “Because your heart is lifted up,
        And you say, “I am a god,
        I sit in the seat of gods,
        In the midst of the seas,’
        Yet you are a man, and not a god,
        Though you set your heart as the heart of a god
        3(Behold, you are wiser than Daniel!
        There is no secret that can be hidden from you!
        4With your wisdom and your understanding
        You have gained riches for yourself,
        And gathered gold and silver into your treasuries;
        5By your great wisdom in trade you have increased your riches,
        And your heart is lifted up because of your riches),”

6”Therefore thus says the Lord GOD:
        “Because you have set your heart as the heart of a god,
        7Behold, therefore, I will bring strangers against you,
        The most terrible of the nations;
        And they shall draw their swords against the beauty of your wisdom,
        And defile your splendor.
        8They shall throw you down into the Pit,
        And you shall die the death of the slain
        In the midst of the seas.
        9”Will you still say before him who slays you,
        “I am a god’?
        But you shall be a man, and not a god,
        In the hand of him who slays you.
        10You shall die the death of the uncircumcised
        By the hand of aliens;
        For I have spoken,” says the Lord GOD.”‘

11 Moreover the word of the LORD came to me, saying, 12”Son of man, take up a lamentation for the king of Tyre, and say to him, “Thus says the Lord GOD:
        “You were the seal of perfection,
        Full of wisdom and perfect in beauty.
        13You were in Eden, the garden of God;
        Every precious stone was your covering:
        The sardius, topaz, and diamond,
        Beryl, onyx, and jasper,
        Sapphire, turquoise, and emerald with gold.
        The workmanship of your timbrels and pipes
        Was prepared for you on the day you were created.

        14”You were the anointed cherub who covers;
        I established you;
        You were on the holy mountain of God;
        You walked back and forth in the midst of fiery stones.
        15You were perfect in your ways from the day you were created,
        Till iniquity was found in you.

        16”By the abundance of your trading
        You became filled with violence within,
        And you sinned;
        Therefore I cast you as a profane thing
        Out of the mountain of God;
        And I destroyed you, O covering cherub,
        From the midst of the fiery stones.

        17”Your heart was lifted up because of your beauty;
        You corrupted your wisdom for the sake of your splendor;
        I cast you to the ground,
        I laid you before kings,
        That they might gaze at you.

        18”You defiled your sanctuaries
        By the multitude of your iniquities,
        By the iniquity of your trading;
        Therefore I brought fire from your midst;
        It devoured you,
        And I turned you to ashes upon the earth
        In the sight of all who saw you.
        19All who knew you among the peoples are astonished at you;
        You have become a horror,
        And shall be no more forever.”“‘

20 Then the word of the LORD came to me, saying, 21”Son of man, set your face toward Sidon, and prophesy against her, 22and say, “Thus says the Lord GOD:
        “Behold, I am against you, O Sidon;
        I will be glorified in your midst;
        And they shall know that I am the LORD,
        When I execute judgments in her and am hallowed in her.
        23For I will send pestilence upon her,
        And blood in her streets;
        The wounded shall be judged in her midst
        By the sword against her on every side;
        Then they shall know that I am the LORD.

24”And there shall no longer be a pricking brier or a painful thorn for the house of Israel from among all who are around them, who despise them. Then they shall know that I am the Lord GOD.”

 

 

11.  Elijah, Elisha, the widow of Sidon.

Luke 4:24-27

24Then He said, “Assuredly, I say to you, no prophet is accepted in his own country. 25But I tell you truly, many widows were in Israel in the days of Elijah, when the heaven was shut up three years and six months, and there was a great famine throughout all the land; 26but to none of them was Elijah sent except to Zarephath, [Greek Sarepta] in the region of Sidon, to a woman who was a widow. 27And many lepers were in Israel in the time of Elisha the prophet, and none of them was cleansed except Naaman the Syrian.”

1 Kings 17:8-10

8 Then the word of the LORD came to him, saying, 9”Arise, go to Zarephath, which belongs to Sidon, and dwell there. See, I have commanded a widow there to provide for you.” 10So he arose and went to Zarephath. And when he came to the gate of the city, indeed a widow was there gathering sticks. And he called to her and said, “Please bring me a little water in a cup, that I may drink.”

 


12.  Jonah the Prophet, The great fish,
Nineveh.


Matthew 12:39-41
39But He answered and said to them, “An evil and adulterous generation seeks after a sign, and no sign will be given to it except the sign of the prophet Jonah. 40For as Jonah was three days and three nights in the belly of the great fish, so will the Son of Man be three days and three nights in the heart of the earth. 41The men of Nineveh will rise up in the judgment with this generation and condemn it, because they repented at the preaching of Jonah; and indeed a greater than Jonah is here.

Matthew 16:4
A wicked and adulterous generation seeks after a sign, and no sign shall be given to it except the sign of the prophet [NU-Text omits the prophet] Jonah.” And He left them and departed.

Luke 11:29-32

29 And while the crowds were thickly gathered together, He began to say, “This is an evil generation. It seeks a sign, and no sign will be given to it except the sign of Jonah the prophet. [NU-Text omits the prophet] 30For as Jonah became a sign to the Ninevites, so also the Son of Man will be to this generation. 31The queen of the South will rise up in the judgment with the men of this generation and condemn them, for she came from the ends of the earth to hear the wisdom of Solomon; and indeed a greater than Solomon is here. 32The men of Nineveh will rise up in the judgment with this generation and condemn it, for they repented at the preaching of Jonah; and indeed a greater than Jonah is here.

 

2 Kings 14:25
He restored the territory of Israel from the entrance of Hamath to the Sea of the Arabah, according to the word of the LORD God of Israel, which He had spoken through His servant Jonah the son of Amittai, the prophet who was from Gath Hepher.

 

Jonah 1:1-2

1 Now the word of the LORD came to Jonah the son of Amittai, saying, 2”Arise, go to Nineveh, that great city, and cry out against it; for their wickedness has come up before Me.”

 

Jonah 1:17
Now the LORD had prepared a great fish to swallow Jonah. And Jonah was in the belly of the fish three days and three nights.

 


13. The murders of Abel and Zechariah.


Matthew 23:35

35that on you may come all the righteous blood shed on the earth, from the blood of righteous Abel to the blood of Zechariah, son of Berechiah, whom you murdered between the temple and the altar.



 
14.  Daniel the Prophet.


Matthew 24:15
“Therefore when you see the “abomination of desolation,’ [Daniel
11:31; 12:11] spoken of by Daniel the prophet, standing in the holy place” (whoever reads, let him understand),


Mark 13:14
“So when you see the “abomination of desolation,’ [Daniel 11:31; 12:11] spoken of by Daniel the prophet, [NU-Text omits spoken of by Daniel the prophet] standing where it ought not” (let the reader understand), “then let those who are in Judea flee to the mountains.

Daniel 11:31
And forces [Literally arms] shall be mustered by him, and they shall defile the sanctuary fortress; then they shall take away the daily sacrifices, and place there the abomination of desolation.

Daniel 12:11
“And from the time that the daily sacrifice is taken away, and the abomination of desolation is set up, there shall be one thousand two hundred and ninety days.

 

 

15.  Jesus accepted prophecy from the Hebrew Scriptures. 

 

Matthew 11:10
For this is he of whom it is written: “Behold, I send My messenger before Your face, Who will prepare Your way before You.’ [Malachi 3:1]

 

Mark 1:2
As it is written in the Prophets:[NU-Text reads Isaiah the prophet] “Behold, I send My messenger before Your face, Who will prepare Your way before You.”

 

Luke 7:27
This is he of whom it is written: “Behold, I send My messenger before Your face, Who will prepare Your way before You.’ [Malachi 3:1]

 

Malachi 3:1
Behold, I send My messenger, And he will prepare the way before Me. And the Lord, whom you seek, Will suddenly come to His temple, Even the Messenger of the covenant, In whom you delight. Behold, He is coming,” Says the LORD of hosts.

 

Matthew 15:8
“These people draw near to Me with their mouth, And [NU-Text omits draw near to Me with their mouth, And] honor Me with their lips, But their heart is far from Me.

Mark 7:6
He answered and said to them, “Well did Isaiah prophesy of you hypocrites, as it is written: “This people honors Me with their lips, But their heart is far from Me.

Isaiah 29:13
Therefore the Lord said: “Inasmuch as these people draw near with their mouths And honor Me with their lips, But have removed their hearts far from Me, And their fear toward Me is taught by the commandment of men,

 

 

See also VI.  Prophetic Confirmation.  B.  Jesus confirmed prophecies concerning Himself.



 

C. Matthew confirmed historical events and people from the Hebrew Scriptures.

Matthew 1:1-17
1 The book of the genealogy of Jesus Christ, the Son of David, the Son of Abraham:
2Abraham begot Isaac, Isaac begot Jacob, and Jacob begot Judah and his brothers. 3Judah begot Perez and Zerah by Tamar, Perez begot Hezron, and Hezron begot Ram. 4Ram begot Amminadab, Amminadab begot Nahshon, and Nahshon begot Salmon. 5Salmon begot Boaz by Rahab, Boaz begot Obed by Ruth, Obed begot Jesse, 6and Jesse begot David the king.
David the king begot Solomon by her who had been the wife [Words in italic type have been added for clarity. They are not found in the original Greek] of Uriah. 7Solomon begot Rehoboam, Rehoboam begot Abijah, and Abijah begot Asa. [NU-Text reads Asaph ] 8Asa begot Jehoshaphat, Jehoshaphat begot Joram, and Joram begot Uzziah. 9Uzziah begot Jotham, Jotham begot Ahaz, and Ahaz begot Hezekiah. 10Hezekiah begot Manasseh, Manasseh begot Amon, [NU-Text reads Amos] and Amon begot Josiah. 11Josiah begot Jeconiah and his brothers about the time they were carried away to Babylon.
12And after they were brought to Babylon, Jeconiah begot Shealtiel, and Shealtiel begot Zerubbabel. 13Zerubbabel begot Abiud, Abiud begot Eliakim, and Eliakim begot Azor. 14Azor begot Zadok, Zadok begot Achim, and Achim begot Eliud. 15Eliud begot Eleazar, Eleazar begot Matthan, and Matthan begot Jacob. 16And Jacob begot Joseph the husband of Mary, of whom was born Jesus who is called Christ.
17So all the generations from Abraham to David are fourteen generations, from David until the captivity in Babylon are fourteen generations, and from the captivity in Babylon until the Christ are fourteen generations.

See also Ruth 4:18-22; 1 Chronicles 2:1-5; Luke 3:23-38.

See also V.  Historical Confirmation. B.  Jesus confirmed specific historical events and persons in the Hebrew Scriptures.



 

D. Luke confirmed historical events and people from the Hebrew Scriptures.


The genealogy of Jesus Christ.


Luke 3:23-28

23 Now Jesus Himself began His ministry at about thirty years of age, being (as was supposed) the son of Joseph, the son of Heli, 24the son of Matthat, [This and several other names in the genealogy are spelled somewhat differently in the NU-Text. Since the New King James Version uses the Old Testament spelling for persons mentioned in the New Testament, these variations, which come from the Greek, have not been footnoted]  the son of Levi, the son of Melchi, the son of Janna, the son of Joseph, 25the son of Mattathiah, the son of Amos, the son of Nahum, the son of Esli, the son of Naggai, 26the son of Maath, the son of Mattathiah, the son of Semei, the son of Joseph, the son of Judah, 27the son of Joannas, the son of Rhesa, the son of Zerubbabel, the son of Shealtiel, the son of Neri, 28the son of Melchi, the son of Addi, the son of Cosam, the son of Elmodam, the son of Er,

 

See also Genesis 5:1-32; 11:10-26; Ruth 4:18-22; 1 Chronicles 1:1-4, 24-27, 34; 2:1-15; Matthew. 1:2-16.

 

Elijah the Prophet.


Luke 9:18-20

18 And it happened, as He was alone praying, that His disciples joined Him, and He asked them, saying, “Who do the crowds say that I am?”
19So they answered and said, “John the Baptist, but some say Elijah; and others say that one of the old prophets has risen again.”
20He said to them, “But who do you say that I am?”
Peter answered and said, “The Christ of God.”

 

 

Elisha the Prophet.

 

Luke 4:27
And many lepers were in
Israel in the time of Elisha the prophet, and none of them was cleansed except Naaman the Syrian.”

 

2 Kings 2:15
Now when the sons of the prophets who were from
Jericho saw him, they said, “The spirit of Elijah rests on Elisha.” And they came to meet him, and bowed to the ground before him.

 

2 Kings 3:11
But Jehoshaphat said, “Is there no prophet of the LORD here, that we may inquire of the LORD by him?” So one of the servants of the king of Israel answered and said, “Elisha the son of Shaphat is here, who poured water on the hands of Elijah.”

 

See also V.  Historical Confirmation. B.  Jesus confirmed specific historical events and persons in the Hebrew Scriptures.



 

E. John confirmed historical events and people from the Hebrew Scriptures


Cain and Abel.


1 John 3:12
not as Cain who was of the wicked one and murdered his brother. And why did he murder him? Because his works were evil and his brother’s righteous.

 

 

See also V.  Historical Confirmation. B.  Jesus confirmed specific historical events and persons in the Hebrew Scriptures.



 

F. Stephen confirmed historical events and people from the Hebrew Scriptures.


Acts 7:1-60
1 Then the high priest said, “Are these things so?”
2And he said, “Brethren and fathers, listen: The God of glory appeared to our father Abraham when he was in Mesopotamia, before he dwelt in Haran, 3and said to him, “Get out of your country and from your relatives, and come to a land that I will show you.’ [Genesis 12:1-3] 4Then he came out of the land of the Chaldeans and dwelt in Haran. And from there, when his father was dead, He moved him to this land in which you now dwell. 5And God gave him no inheritance in it, not even enough to set his foot on. But even when Abraham had no child, He promised to give it to him for a possession, and to his descendants after him. 6But God spoke in this way: that his descendants would dwell in a foreign land, and that they would bring them into bondage and oppress them four hundred years. 7”And the nation to whom they will be in bondage I will judge,’ [Genesis 15:14] said God, “and after that they shall come out and serve Me in this place.’ [Exodus 3:12]

8Then He gave him the covenant of circumcision; and so Abraham begot Isaac and circumcised him on the eighth day; and Isaac begot Jacob, and Jacob begot the twelve patriarchs.

9 “And the patriarchs, becoming envious, sold Joseph into Egypt. But God was with him 10and delivered him out of all his troubles, and gave him favor and wisdom in the presence of Pharaoh, king of Egypt; and he made him governor over Egypt and all his house. 11Now a famine and great trouble came over all the land of Egypt and Canaan, and our fathers found no sustenance. 12But when Jacob heard that there was grain in Egypt, he sent out our fathers first. 13And the second time Joseph was made known to his brothers, and Joseph’s family became known to the Pharaoh. 14Then Joseph sent and called his father Jacob and all his relatives to him, seventy-five [Or seventy (compare Exodus 1:5)] people. 15So Jacob went down to Egypt; and he died, he and our fathers. 16And they were carried back to Shechem and laid in the tomb that Abraham bought for a sum of money from the sons of Hamor, the father of Shechem.

17 “But when the time of the promise drew near which God had sworn to Abraham, the people grew and multiplied in Egypt 18till another king arose who did not know Joseph. 19This man dealt treacherously with our people, and oppressed our forefathers, making them expose their babies, so that they might not live. 20At this time Moses was born, and was well pleasing to God; and he was brought up in his father’s house for three months. 21But when he was set out, Pharaoh’s daughter took him away and brought him up as her own son. 22And Moses was learned in all the wisdom of the Egyptians, and was mighty in words and deeds.
23”Now when he was forty years old, it came into his heart to visit his brethren, the children of Israel. 24And seeing one of them suffer wrong, he defended and avenged him who was oppressed, and struck down the Egyptian. 25For he supposed that his brethren would have understood that God would deliver them by his hand, but they did not understand. 26And the next day he appeared to two of them as they were fighting, and tried to reconcile them, saying, “Men, you are brethren; why do you wrong one another?’ 27But he who did his neighbor wrong pushed him away, saying, “Who made you a ruler and a judge over us? 28Do you want to kill me as you did the Egyptian yesterday?’ [Exodus 2:14] 29Then, at this saying, Moses fled and became a dweller in the land of Midian, where he had two sons.
30”And when forty years had passed, an Angel of the Lord [NU-Text omits of the Lord] appeared to him in a flame of fire in a bush, in the wilderness of Mount Sinai. 31When Moses saw it, he marveled at the sight; and as he drew near to observe, the voice of the Lord came to him, 32saying, “I am the God of your fathers--the God of Abraham, the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob.’ [Exodus 3:6, 15] And Moses trembled and dared not look. 33”Then the LORD said to him, “Take your sandals off your feet, for the place where you stand is holy ground. 34I have surely seen the oppression of My people who are in Egypt; I have heard their groaning and have come down to deliver them. And now come, I will send you to Egypt.”‘ [Exodus 3:5, 7, 8, 10]
35”This Moses whom they rejected, saying, “Who made you a ruler and a judge?’ [Exodus 2:14] is the one God sent to be a ruler and a deliverer by the hand of the Angel who appeared to him in the bush. 36He brought them out, after he had shown wonders and signs in the land of Egypt, and in the Red Sea, and in the wilderness forty years.
 
37 “This is that Moses who said to the children of Israel, [Deuteronomy 18:15] “The LORD your God will raise up for you a Prophet like me from your brethren. Him you shall hear.’ [NU-Text and M-Text omit Him you shall hear]

38”This is he who was in the congregation in the wilderness with the Angel who spoke to him on Mount Sinai, and with our fathers, the one who received the living oracles to give to us, 39whom our fathers would not obey, but rejected. And in their hearts they turned back to Egypt, 40saying to Aaron, “Make us gods to go before us; as for this Moses who brought us out of the land of Egypt, we do not know what has become of him.’ [Exodus 32:1, 23] 41And they made a calf in those days, offered sacrifices to the idol, and rejoiced in the works of their own hands. 42Then God turned and gave them up to worship the host of heaven, as it is written in the book of the Prophets:

        “Did you offer Me slaughtered animals and sacrifices during forty years in the wilderness,
        O house of Israel?
        43You also took up the tabernacle of Moloch,
        And the star of your god Remphan,
        Images which you made to worship;
        And I will carry you away beyond Babylon.’ [Amos 5:25-27]

44 “Our fathers had the tabernacle of witness in the wilderness, as He appointed, instructing Moses to make it according to the pattern that he had seen, 45which our fathers, having received it in turn, also brought with Joshua into the land possessed by the Gentiles, whom God drove out before the face of our fathers until the days of David, 46who found favor before God and asked to find a dwelling for the God of Jacob. 47But Solomon built Him a house.
48”However, the Most High does not dwell in temples made with hands, as the prophet says:
        49”Heaven is My throne,
        And earth is My footstool.
        What house will you build for Me? says the LORD,
        Or what is the place of My rest?
        50Has My hand not made all these things?’ [Isaiah 66:1, 2]
 
51 “You stiff-necked and uncircumcised in heart and ears! You always resist the Holy Spirit; as your fathers did, so do you. 52Which of the prophets did your fathers not persecute? And they killed those who foretold the coming of the Just One, of whom you now have become the betrayers and murderers, 53who have received the law by the direction of angels and have not kept it.”

54 When they heard these things they were cut to the heart, and they gnashed at him with their teeth. 55But he, being full of the Holy Spirit, gazed into heaven and saw the glory of God, and Jesus standing at the right hand of God, 56and said, “Look! I see the heavens opened and the Son of Man standing at the right hand of God!”
57Then they cried out with a loud voice, stopped their ears, and ran at him with one accord; 58and they cast him out of the city and stoned him. And the witnesses laid down their clothes at the feet of a young man named Saul. 59And they stoned Stephen as he was calling on God and saying, “Lord Jesus, receive my spirit.” 60Then he knelt down and cried out with a loud voice, “Lord, do not charge them with this sin.” And when he had said this, he fell asleep.

 

Genesis 12:1-3

1 Now the LORD had said to Abram:
        “Get out of your country,
        From your family
        And from your father’s house,
        To a land that I will show you.
        2I will make you a great nation;
        I will bless you
        And make your name great;
        And you shall be a blessing.
        3I will bless those who bless you,
        And I will curse him who curses you;
        And in you all the families of the earth shall be blessed.”

 

Genesis 15
14And also the nation whom they serve I will judge; afterward they shall come out with great possessions.

 

Exodus 3
12So He said, “I will certainly be with you. And this shall be a sign to you that I have sent you: When you have brought the people out of Egypt, you shall serve God on this mountain.”

 

Exodus 1
5All those who were descendants [Literally who came from the loins of ] of Jacob were seventy [Dead Sea Scrolls and Septuagint read seventy-five (compare Acts 7:14)] persons (for Joseph was in Egypt already).

 

Exodus 2
14Then he said, “Who made you a prince and a judge over us? Do you intend to kill me as you killed the Egyptian?”
So Moses feared and said, “Surely this thing is known!”

 

Exodus 3:6-15
6Moreover He said, “I am the God of your father--the God of Abraham, the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob.” And Moses hid his face, for he was afraid to look upon God.
7And the LORD said: “I have surely seen the oppression of My people who are in Egypt, and have heard their cry because of their taskmasters, for I know their sorrows. 8So I have come down to deliver them out of the hand of the Egyptians, and to bring them up from that land to a good and large land, to a land flowing with milk and honey, to the place of the Canaanites and the Hittites and the Amorites and the Perizzites and the Hivites and the Jebusites. 9Now therefore, behold, the cry of the children of Israel has come to Me, and I have also seen the oppression with which the Egyptians oppress them. 10Come now, therefore, and I will send you to Pharaoh that you may bring My people, the children of Israel, out of Egypt.”
11But Moses said to God, “Who am I that I should go to Pharaoh, and that I should bring the children of Israel out of Egypt?”
12So He said, “I will certainly be with you. And this shall be a sign to you that I have sent you: When you have brought the people out of Egypt, you shall serve God on this mountain.”
13Then Moses said to God, “Indeed, when I come to the children of Israel and say to them, “The God of your fathers has sent me to you,’ and they say to me, “What is His name?’ what shall I say to them?”
14And God said to Moses, “I AM WHO I AM.” And He said, “Thus you shall say to the children of Israel, “I AM has sent me to you.”‘ 15Moreover God said to Moses, “Thus you shall say to the children of Israel: “The LORD God of your fathers, the God of Abraham, the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob, has sent me to you. This is My name forever, and this is My memorial to all generations.’


Deuteronomy 18
15 “The LORD your God will raise up for you a Prophet like me from your midst, from your brethren. Him you shall hear,

 

Exodus 32
1 Now when the people saw that Moses delayed coming down from the mountain, the people gathered together to Aaron, and said to him, “Come, make us gods that shall go before us; for as for this Moses, the man who brought us up out of the land of Egypt, we do not know what has become of him.”
2And Aaron said to them, “Break off the golden earrings which are in the ears of your wives, your sons, and your daughters, and bring them to me.” 3So all the people broke off the golden earrings which were in their ears, and brought them to Aaron. 4And he received the gold from their hand, and he fashioned it with an engraving tool, and made a molded calf.
Then they said, “This is your god, O Israel, that brought you out of the land of Egypt!”
5So when Aaron saw it, he built an altar before it. And Aaron made a proclamation and said, “Tomorrow is a feast to the LORD.” 6Then they rose early on the next day, offered burnt offerings, and brought peace offerings; and the people sat down to eat and drink, and rose up to play.
7And the LORD said to Moses, “Go, get down! For your people whom you brought out of the land of Egypt have corrupted themselves. 8They have turned aside quickly out of the way which I commanded them. They have made themselves a molded calf, and worshiped it and sacrificed to it, and said, “This is your god, O Israel, that brought you out of the land of Egypt!”‘ 9And the LORD said to Moses, “I have seen this people, and indeed it is a stiff-necked people! 10Now therefore, let Me alone, that My wrath may burn hot against them and I may consume them. And I will make of you a great nation.”
11Then Moses pleaded with the LORD his God, and said: “LORD, why does Your wrath burn hot against Your people whom You have brought out of the land of Egypt with great power and with a mighty hand? 12Why should the Egyptians speak, and say, “He brought them out to harm them, to kill them in the mountains, and to consume them from the face of the earth’? Turn from Your fierce wrath, and relent from this harm to Your people. 13Remember Abraham, Isaac, and Israel, Your servants, to whom You swore by Your own self, and said to them, “I will multiply your descendants as the stars of heaven; and all this land that I have spoken of I give to your descendants, and they shall inherit it forever.”‘ [Genesis 13:15 and 22:17]  14So the LORD relented from the harm which He said He would do to His people.
15And Moses turned and went down from the mountain, and the two tablets of the Testimony were in his hand. The tablets were written on both sides; on the one side and on the other they were written. 16Now the tablets were the work of God, and the writing was the writing of God engraved on the tablets.
17And when Joshua heard the noise of the people as they shouted, he said to Moses, “There is a noise of war in the camp.”
18But he said:
        “It is not the noise of the shout of victory,
        Nor the noise of the cry of defeat,
        But the sound of singing I hear.”

19So it was, as soon as he came near the camp, that he saw the calf and the dancing. So Moses’ anger became hot, and he cast the tablets out of his hands and broke them at the foot of the mountain. 20Then he took the calf which they had made, burned it in the fire, and ground it to powder; and he scattered it on the water and made the children of Israel drink it. 21And Moses said to Aaron, “What did this people do to you that you have brought so great a sin upon them?”
22So Aaron said, “Do not let the anger of my lord become hot. You know the people, that they are set on evil. 23For they said to me, “Make us gods that shall go before us; as for this Moses, the man who brought us out of the land of Egypt, we do not know what has become of him.’

 

Amos 5
25”Did you offer Me sacrifices and offerings
        In the wilderness forty years, O house of Israel?
        26You also carried Sikkuth [A pagan deity] your king [Septuagint and Vulgate read tabernacle of Moloch]
        And Chiun, [A pagan deity] your idols,
        The star of your gods,
        Which you made for yourselves.
        27Therefore I will send you into captivity beyond Damascus,”
        Says the LORD, whose name is the God of hosts.


Isaiah 66
1 Thus says the LORD:
        “Heaven is My throne,
        And earth is My footstool.
        Where is the house that you will build Me?
        And where is the place of My rest?
        2For all those things My hand has made,
        And all those things exist,”
        Says the LORD.
        “But on this one will I look:
        On him who is poor and of a contrite spirit,
        And who trembles at My word.

 

 


G. Peter confirmed historical events and people from the Hebrew Scriptures


Noah and the Genesis Flood.


2 Peter 2:4-6

4 For if God did not spare the angels who sinned, but cast them down to hell and delivered them into chains of darkness, to be reserved for judgment; 5and did not spare the ancient world, but saved Noah, one of eight people, a preacher of righteousness, bringing in the flood on the world of the ungodly; 6and turning the cities of Sodom and Gomorrah into ashes, condemned them to destruction, making them an example to those who afterward would live ungodly;

 

1 Peter 3:18-20

18 For Christ also suffered once for sins, the just for the unjust, that He might bring us [NU-Text and M-Text read you] to God, being put to death in the flesh but made alive by the Spirit, 19by whom also He went and preached to the spirits in prison, 20who formerly were disobedient, when once the Divine longsuffering waited [NU-Text and M-Text read when the longsuffering of God waited patiently] in the days of Noah, while the ark was being prepared, in which a few, that is, eight souls, were saved through water.

 

2 Peter 3:5-6

5For this they willfully forget: that by the word of God the heavens were of old, and the earth standing out of water and in the water, 6by which the world that then existed perished, being flooded with water.

 

 

Lot and the destruction of Sodom and Gomorrah.

 

2 Peter 2:6-8

6and turning the cities of Sodom and Gomorrah into ashes, condemned them to destruction, making them an example to those who afterward would live ungodly; 7and delivered righteous Lot, who was oppressed by the filthy conduct of the wicked 8(for that righteous man, dwelling among them, tormented his righteous soul from day to day by seeing and hearing their lawless deeds)—

 

 

H.  Paul confirmed historical events and people from the Hebrew Scriptures

Adam.

 

Romans 5:12
Therefore, just as through one man sin entered the world, and death through sin, and thus death spread to all men, because all sinned--

 

Romans 5:14
Nevertheless death reigned from Adam to Moses, even over those who had not sinned according to the likeness of the transgression of Adam, who is a type of Him who was to come.

 

1 Corinthians 15:22
For as in Adam all die, even so in Christ all shall be made alive.

1 Corinthians 15:45
And so it is written, “The first man Adam became a living being.” [Genesis 2:7] The last Adam became a life-giving spirit.

1 Timothy 2:13
For Adam was formed first, then Eve.

1 Timothy 2:14
And Adam was not deceived, but the woman being deceived, fell into transgression.

Abraham, Elijah.


Romans 11:1-3

1 I say then, has God cast away His people? Certainly not! For I also am an Israelite, of the seed of Abraham, of the tribe of Benjamin. 2God has not cast away His people whom He foreknew. Or do you not know what the Scripture says of Elijah, how he pleads with God against Israel, saying, 3”LORD, they have killed Your prophets and torn down Your altars, and I alone am left, and they seek my life”?

 

1 Thessalonians 2:14-16

14For you, brethren, became imitators of the churches of God which are in Judea in Christ Jesus. For you also suffered the same things from your own countrymen, just as they did from the Judeans, 15who killed both the Lord Jesus and their own prophets, and have persecuted us; and they do not please God and are contrary to all men, 16forbidding us to speak to the Gentiles that they may be saved, so as always to fill up the measure of their sins; but wrath has come upon them to the uttermost.

 

1 Kings 19:10-14

10So he said, “I have been very zealous for the LORD God of hosts; for the children of Israel have forsaken Your covenant, torn down Your altars, and killed Your prophets with the sword. I alone am left; and they seek to take my life.”
11 Then He said, “Go out, and stand on the mountain before the LORD.” And behold, the LORD passed by, and a great and strong wind tore into the mountains and broke the rocks in pieces before the LORD, but the LORD was not in the wind; and after the wind an earthquake, but the LORD was not in the earthquake; 12and after the earthquake a fire, but the LORD was not in the fire; and after the fire a still small voice.
13So it was, when Elijah heard it, that he wrapped his face in his mantle and went out and stood in the entrance of the cave. Suddenly a voice came to him, and said, “What are you doing here, Elijah?”
14And he said, “I have been very zealous for the LORD God of hosts; because the children of Israel have forsaken Your covenant, torn down Your altars, and killed Your prophets with the sword. I alone am left; and they seek to take my life.”

 

I. The writer of Hebrews confirmed historical events and people from the Hebrew Scriptures.


Hebrews 11:1-2

1 Now faith is the substance of things hoped for, the evidence of things not seen. 2For by it the elders obtained a good testimony.

 

The Creation.


Hebrews 11:3
By faith we understand that the worlds were framed by the word of God, so that the things which are seen were not made of things which are visible.

 

Abel, Cain.

Hebrews 11:4

4 By faith Abel offered to God a more excellent sacrifice than Cain, through which he obtained witness that he was righteous, God testifying of his gifts; and through it he being dead still speaks.

 

 

Enoch.

Hebrews 11:4-6
4 By faith Abel offered to God a more excellent sacrifice than Cain, through which he obtained witness that he was righteous, God testifying of his gifts; and through it he being dead still speaks.
5By faith Enoch was taken away so that he did not see death, “and was not found, because God had taken him”; for before he was taken he had this testimony, that he pleased God. 6But without faith it is impossible to please Him, for he who comes to God must believe that He is, and that He is a rewarder of those who diligently seek Him.

 

Genesis 5:24
And Enoch walked with God; and he was not, for God took him.

 

Noah.

Hebrews 11:7
By faith Noah, being divinely warned of things not yet seen, moved with godly fear, prepared an ark for the saving of his household, by which he condemned the world and became heir of the righteousness which is according to faith.

Abraham, Isaac, Jacob, Sarah.


Hebrews 11:8-9

8 By faith Abraham obeyed when he was called to go out to the place which he would receive as an inheritance. And he went out, not knowing where he was going. 9By faith he dwelt in the land of promise as in a foreign country, dwelling in tents with Isaac and Jacob, the heirs with him of the same promise; 10for he waited for the city which has foundations, whose builder and maker is God.

11By faith Sarah herself also received strength to conceive seed, and she bore a child  [NU-Text omits she bore a child] when she was past the age, because she judged Him faithful who had promised. 12Therefore from one man, and him as good as dead, were born as many as the stars of the sky in multitude--innumerable as the sand which is by the seashore.
13 These all died in faith, not having received the promises, but having seen them afar off were assured of them, [NU-Text and M-Text omit were assured of them] embraced them and confessed that they were strangers and pilgrims on the earth. 14For those who say such things declare plainly that they seek a homeland. 15And truly if they had called to mind that country from which they had come out, they would have had opportunity to return. 16But now they desire a better, that is, a heavenly country. Therefore God is not ashamed to be called their God, for He has prepared a city for them.

 


The Patriarchs: Abraham, Isaac, Jacob, Esau, Joseph.


Hebrews 11:17-22
17 By faith Abraham, when he was tested, offered up Isaac, and he who had received the promises offered up his only begotten son, 18of whom it was said, “In Isaac your seed shall be called,” [Genesis 21:12] 19concluding that God was able to raise him up, even from the dead, from which he also received him in a figurative sense.
20By faith Isaac blessed Jacob and Esau concerning things to come.
21By faith Jacob, when he was dying, blessed each of the sons of Joseph, and worshiped, leaning on the top of his staff.
22By faith Joseph, when he was dying, made mention of the departure of the children of Israel, and gave instructions concerning his bones.

 


Moses and the Exodus.

Hebrews 11:23-29

23 By faith Moses, when he was born, was hidden three months by his parents, because they saw he was a beautiful child; and they were not afraid of the king’s command.
24By faith Moses, when he became of age, refused to be called the son of Pharaoh’s daughter, 25choosing rather to suffer affliction with the people of God than to enjoy the passing pleasures of sin, 26esteeming the reproach of Christ greater riches than the treasures in [NU-Text and M-Text read of] Egypt; for he looked to the reward.
27By faith he forsook Egypt, not fearing the wrath of the king; for he endured as seeing Him who is invisible. 28By faith he kept the Passover and the sprinkling of blood, lest he who destroyed the firstborn should touch them.
29By faith they passed through the Red Sea as by dry land, whereas the Egyptians, attempting to do so, were drowned.



Jericho and Rahab.

 

Hebrews 11:30-31

30 By faith the walls of Jericho fell down after they were encircled for seven days. 31By faith the harlot Rahab did not perish with those who did not believe, when she had received the spies with peace.
 

Gideon, Barak, Samson, Jephthah, David, Samuel and the prophets, miracles.

Hebrews 11:32-40
32And what more shall I say? For the time would fail me to tell of Gideon and Barak and Samson and Jephthah, also of David and Samuel and the prophets: 33who through faith subdued kingdoms, worked righteousness, obtained promises, stopped the mouths of lions, 34quenched the violence of fire, escaped the edge of the sword, out of weakness were made strong, became valiant in battle, turned to flight the armies of the aliens. 35Women received their dead raised to life again.
Others were tortured, not accepting deliverance, that they might obtain a better resurrection. 36Still others had trial of mockings and scourgings, yes, and of chains and imprisonment. 37They were stoned, they were sawn in two, were tempted, [NU-Text omits were tempted] were slain with the sword. They wandered about in sheepskins and goatskins, being destitute, afflicted, tormented-- 38of whom the world was not worthy. They wandered in deserts and mountains, in dens and caves of the earth.
39And all these, having obtained a good testimony through faith, did not receive the promise, 40God having provided something better for us, that they should not be made perfect apart from us.


Jesus Christ.

Hebrews 12:1-2

1 Therefore we also, since we are surrounded by so great a cloud of witnesses, let us lay aside every weight, and the sin which so easily ensnares us, and let us run with endurance the race that is set before us, 2looking unto Jesus, the author and finisher of our faith, who for the joy that was set before Him endured the cross, despising the shame, and has sat down at the right hand of the throne of God.


J. James confirmed historical events and people from the Hebrew Scriptures.


Job.


James 5:11
Indeed we count them blessed who endure. You have heard of the perseverance of Job and seen the end intended by the Lord--that the Lord is very compassionate and merciful.

 


Elijah.

 

James 5:16-18

16Confess your trespasses [NU-Text reads Therefore confess your sins] to one another, and pray for one another, that you may be healed. The effective, fervent prayer of a righteous man avails much. 17Elijah was a man with a nature like ours, and he prayed earnestly that it would not rain; and it did not rain on the land for three years and six months. 18And he prayed again, and the heaven gave rain, and the earth produced its fruit.

 

 

 

K. Jude confirmed historical events and people from the Hebrew Scriptures.


Adam, Enoch.


Jude 1:14
Now Enoch, the seventh from Adam, prophesied about these men also, saying, “Behold, the Lord comes with ten thousands of His saints,

 

L. Jesus, Matthew, Mark,  Luke, Peter, James, John confirmed afterlife appearances of Moses and Elijah.


Matthew 17:1-4

1 Now after six days Jesus took Peter, James, and John his brother, led them up on a high mountain by themselves; 2and He was transfigured before them. His face shone like the sun, and His clothes became as white as the light. 3And behold, Moses and Elijah appeared to them, talking with Him. 4Then Peter answered and said to Jesus, “Lord, it is good for us to be here; if You wish, let us [NU-Text reads I will] make here three tabernacles: one for You, one for Moses, and one for Elijah.”

 

Matthew 17:10-12

10And His disciples asked Him, saying, “Why then do the scribes say that Elijah must come first?”
11Jesus answered and said to them, “Indeed, Elijah is coming first [NU-Text omits first] and will restore all things. 12But I say to you that Elijah has come already, and they did not know him but did to him whatever they wished. Likewise the Son of Man is also about to suffer at their hands.”

 

Mark 1:1-9

1 The beginning of the gospel of Jesus Christ, the Son of God. 2As it is written in the Prophets:
        “Behold, I send My messenger before Your face,
        Who will prepare Your way before You.”
        3”The voice of one crying in the wilderness:
        “Prepare the way of the LORD;
        Make His paths straight.”‘ [Isaiah 40:3]
4John came baptizing in the wilderness and preaching a baptism of repentance for the remission of sins. 5Then all the land of Judea, and those from Jerusalem, went out to him and were all baptized by him in the Jordan River, confessing their sins.
6Now John was clothed with camel’s hair and with a leather belt around his waist, and he ate locusts and wild honey. 7And he preached, saying, “There comes One after me who is mightier than I, whose sandal strap I am not worthy to stoop down and loose. 8I indeed baptized you with water, but He will baptize you with the Holy Spirit.”
9 It came to pass in those days that Jesus came from Nazareth of Galilee, and was baptized by John in the Jordan.

 

See also Matthew 16:28; 17:13; Luke 9:27-36; 2 Peter 1:16-18.

Luke 9
29As He prayed, the appearance of His face was altered, and His robe became white and glistening. 30And behold, two men talked with Him, who were Moses and Elijah, 31who appeared in glory and spoke of His decease which He was about to accomplish at Jerusalem. 32But Peter and those with him were heavy with sleep; and when they were fully awake, they saw His glory and the two men who stood with Him. 33Then it happened, as they were parting from Him, that Peter said to Jesus, “Master, it is good for us to be here; and let us make three tabernacles: one for You, one for Moses, and one for Elijah”--not knowing what he said.

 

M.     Paul Confirmed the Life and Ministry of Jesus Christ.

F.F. Bruce, author of The New Testament Documents: Are They Reliable?, discusses “The Importance of Paul’s Evidence” in Chapter 6.

“Here, however, we are chiefly concerned with the information we can derive from his Epistles. These were not written to record the facts of the life and ministry of Jesus; they were addressed to Christians, who already knew the gospel story. Yet in them we can find sufficient material to construct an outline of the early apostolic preaching about Jesus. While Paul insists on the divine preexistence of Jesus, yet he knows that He was nonetheless a real human being, a descendant of Abraham and David, who lived under the Jewish law; who was betrayed, and on the night of His betrayal instituted a memorial meal of bread and wine; who endured the Roman penalty of crucifixion, although the responsibility for His death is laid at the door of the representatives of the Jewish nation; who was ‘buried, rose the third day, and was thereafter seen alive by many eyewitnesses on various occasions, including one occasion on which He was so seen by over five hundred at once, of whom the majority were alive nearly twenty-five years later.’ In this summary of the evidence for the reality of Christ’s resurrection, Paul shows a sound instinct for the necessity of marshaling personal testimony in support of what might well appear an incredible assertion.” [7]


1.  Paul confirmed the Resurrection of Jesus Christ.


1 Corinthians 15:1-28

1 Moreover, brethren, I declare to you the gospel which I preached to you, which also you received and in which you stand, 2by which also you are saved, if you hold fast that word which I preached to you--unless you believed in vain.
3For I delivered to you first of all that which I also received: that Christ died for our sins according to the Scriptures, 4and that He was buried, and that He rose again the third day according to the Scriptures, 5and that He was seen by Cephas, then by the twelve. 6After that He was seen by over five hundred brethren at once, of whom the greater part remain to the present, but some have fallen asleep. 7After that He was seen by James, then by all the apostles. 8Then last of all He was seen by me also, as by one born out of due time.
9For I am the least of the apostles, who am not worthy to be called an apostle, because I persecuted the church of God. 10But by the grace of God I am what I am, and His grace toward me was not in vain; but I labored more abundantly than they all, yet not I, but the grace of God which was with me. 11Therefore, whether it was I or they, so we preach and so you believed.

 12 Now if Christ is preached that He has been raised from the dead, how do some among you say that there is no resurrection of the dead? 13But if there is no resurrection of the dead, then Christ is not risen. 14And if Christ is not risen, then our preaching is empty and your faith is also empty. 15Yes, and we are found false witnesses of God, because we have testified of God that He raised up Christ, whom He did not raise up--if in fact the dead do not rise. 16For if the dead do not rise, then Christ is not risen. 17And if Christ is not risen, your faith is futile; you are still in your sins! 18Then also those who have fallen asleep in Christ have perished. 19If in this life only we have hope in Christ, we are of all men the most pitiable.

20 But now Christ is risen from the dead, and has become the firstfruits of those who have fallen asleep. 21For since by man came death, by Man also came the resurrection of the dead. 22For as in Adam all die, even so in Christ all shall be made alive. 23But each one in his own order: Christ the firstfruits, afterward those who are Christ’s at His coming. 24Then comes the end, when He delivers the kingdom to God the Father, when He puts an end to all rule and all authority and power. 25For He must reign till He has put all enemies under His feet. 26The last enemy that will be destroyed is death. 27For “He has put all things under His feet.” [Psalm 8:6] But when He says “all things are put under Him,” it is evident that He who put all things under Him is excepted. 28Now when all things are made subject to Him, then the Son Himself will also be subject to Him who put all things under Him, that God may be all in all.

 

See also

 

Dr. Phil Fernandes.  “The Creed of 1 Corinthians 15:3-8:  Ancient Evidence for Christ’s Resurrection,” http://www.biblicaldefense.org/Research_Center/Journals/Vol1No8/vol1no8-1.htm

 


2.  Paul confirmed the Lord’s Supper.

Paul quotes Jesus from the earlier Gospel accounts.


1 Corinthians 11
23 For I received from the Lord that which I also delivered to you: that the Lord Jesus on the same night in which He was betrayed took bread; 24and when He had given thanks, He broke it and said, “Take, eat; [NU-Text omits Take, eat] this is My body which is broken [NU-Text omits broken] for you; do this in remembrance of Me.” 25In the same manner He also took the cup after supper, saying, “This cup is the new covenant in My blood. This do, as often as you drink it, in remembrance of Me.
26For as often as you eat this bread and drink this cup, you proclaim the Lord’s death till He comes.

Matthew 26:26-29

26 And as they were eating, Jesus took bread, blessed [M-Text reads gave thanks for] and broke it, and gave it to the disciples and said, “Take, eat; this is My body.”
27Then He took the cup, and gave thanks, and gave it to them, saying, “Drink from it, all of you. 28For this is My blood of the new [NU-Text omits new] covenant, which is shed for many for the remission of sins. 29But I say to you, I will not drink of this fruit of the vine from now on until that day when I drink it new with you in My Father’s kingdom.”

 

Mark 14:22-25
22 And as they were eating, Jesus took bread, blessed and broke it, and gave it to them and said, “Take, eat; [NU-Text omits eat]. this is My body.”
23Then He took the cup, and when He had given thanks He gave it to them, and they all drank from it. 24And He said to them, “This is My blood of the new [NU-Text omits new] covenant, which is shed for many. 25Assuredly, I say to you, I will no longer drink of the fruit of the vine until that day when I drink it new in the kingdom of God.”

Luke 22:14-20
14 When the hour had come, He sat down, and the twelve [NU-Text omits twelve] apostles with Him. 15Then He said to them, “With fervent desire I have desired to eat this Passover with you before I suffer; 16for I say to you, I will no longer eat of it until it is fulfilled in the kingdom of God.”
17Then He took the cup, and gave thanks, and said, “Take this and divide it among yourselves; 18for I say to you, [NU-Text adds from now on] I will not drink of the fruit of the vine until the kingdom of God comes.”
19And He took bread, gave thanks and broke it, and gave it to them, saying, “This is My body which is given for you; do this in remembrance of Me.”
20Likewise He also took the cup after supper, saying, “This cup is the new covenant in My blood, which is shed for you.

 


Exodus 24:8
And Moses took the blood, sprinkled it on the people, and said, “This is the blood of the covenant which the LORD has made with you according to all these words.”


Jeremiah 31:31
“Behold, the days are coming, says the LORD, when I will make a new covenant with the house of
Israel and with the house of Judah--


Hebrews 8:8
Because finding fault with them, He says: “Behold, the days are coming, says the LORD, when I will make a new covenant with the house of Israel and with the house of Judah

 

3.  Paul referred to Jesus’ prohibition of divorce and remarriage.


1 Corinthians 7:10-11

10 Now to the married I command, yet not I but the Lord: A wife is not to depart from her husband. 11But even if she does depart, let her remain unmarried or be reconciled to her husband. And a husband is not to divorce his wife.

 

Commentary by J.P. Holding: http://www.tektonics.org/af/divorce2.html

 

 

Matthew 5:32
But I say to you that whoever divorces his wife for any reason except sexual immorality [Or fornication] causes her to commit adultery; and whoever marries a woman who is divorced commits adultery.

Matthew 19:9
And I say to you, whoever divorces his wife, except for sexual immorality, [Or fornication] and marries another, commits adultery; and whoever marries her who is divorced commits adultery.”

Mark 10:10-12

10In the house His disciples also asked Him again about the same matter. 11So He said to them, “Whoever divorces his wife and marries another commits adultery against her. 12And if a woman divorces her husband and marries another, she commits adultery.”

Luke 16:18
“Whoever divorces his wife and marries another commits adultery; and whoever marries her who is divorced from her husband commits adultery.

 

 


4.  Paul proclaimed the resurrected Jesus Christ.


Acts 17:1-3

1 Now when they had passed through Amphipolis and Apollonia, they came to Thessalonica, where there was a synagogue of the Jews. 2Then Paul, as his custom was, went in to them, and for three Sabbaths reasoned with them from the Scriptures, 3explaining and demonstrating that the Christ had to suffer and rise again from the dead, and saying, “This Jesus whom I preach to you is the Christ.”


Acts 18:5
When Silas and Timothy had come from Macedonia, Paul was compelled by the Spirit, and testified to the Jews that Jesus is the Christ.


Acts 19:10-12

10And this continued for two years, so that all who dwelt in Asia heard the word of the Lord Jesus, both Jews and Greeks.
11 Now God worked unusual miracles by the hands of Paul, 12so that even handkerchiefs or aprons were brought from his body to the sick, and the diseases left them and the evil spirits went out of them.


Acts 21:13
Then Paul answered, “What do you mean by weeping and breaking my heart? For I am ready not only to be bound, but also to die at Jerusalem for the name of the Lord Jesus.”


Acts 24:24
And after some days, when Felix came with his wife Drusilla, who was Jewish, he sent for Paul and heard him concerning the faith in Christ.


Acts 25:19
but had some questions against him about their own religion and about a certain Jesus, who had died, whom Paul affirmed to be alive.


Acts 26:28
Then Agrippa said to Paul, “You almost persuade me to become a Christian.”


Romans 1:1
Paul, a bondservant of Jesus Christ, called to be an apostle, separated to the gospel of God


1 Corinthians 1:1
Paul, called to be an apostle of Jesus Christ through the will of God, and Sosthenes our brother,


1 Corinthians 1:11-13

11For it has been declared to me concerning you, my brethren, by those of Chloe’s household, that there are contentions among you. 12Now I say this, that each of you says, “I am of Paul,” or “I am of Apollos,” or “I am of Cephas,” or “I am of Christ.” 13Is Christ divided? Was Paul crucified for you? Or were you baptized in the name of Paul?


2 Corinthians 1:1
Paul, an apostle of Jesus Christ by the will of God, and Timothy our brother, To the church of God which is at Corinth, with all the saints who are in all Achaia:


2 Corinthians 4:1-2

1 Therefore, since we have this ministry, as we have received mercy, we do not lose heart. 2But we have renounced the hidden things of shame, not walking in craftiness nor handling the word of God deceitfully, but by manifestation of the truth commending ourselves to every man’s conscience in the sight of God.


2 Corinthians 4:5
For we do not preach ourselves, but Christ Jesus the Lord, and ourselves your bondservants for Jesus’ sake.


2 Corinthians 10:1
Now I, Paul, myself am pleading with you by the meekness and gentleness of Christ--who in presence am lowly among you, but being absent am bold toward you.


2 Corinthians 10:7
Do you look at things according to the outward appearance? If anyone is convinced in himself that he is Christ’s, let him again consider this in himself, that just as he is Christ’s, even so we are Christ’s. [NU-Text reads even as we are]


Galatians 1:1
Paul, an apostle (not from men nor through man, but through Jesus Christ and God the Father who raised Him from the dead),


Ephesians 1:1
Paul, an apostle of Jesus Christ by the will of God, To the saints who are in Ephesus, and faithful in Christ Jesus:


Ephesians 3:1-2

1 For this reason I, Paul, the prisoner of Christ Jesus for you Gentiles-- 2if indeed you have heard of the dispensation of the grace of God which was given to me for you,

 

Philippians 1:1
Paul and Timothy, bondservants of Jesus Christ, To all the saints in Christ Jesus who are in Philippi, with the bishops [Literally overseers] and deacons:

 

Colossians 1:1
Paul, an apostle of Jesus Christ by the will of God, and Timothy our brother,


1 Thessalonians 1:1
Paul, Silvanus, and Timothy, To the church of the Thessalonians in God the Father and the Lord Jesus Christ: Grace to you and peace from God our Father and the Lord Jesus Christ. [NU-Text omits from God our Father and the Lord Jesus Christ]


2 Thessalonians 1:1
Paul, Silvanus, and Timothy, To the church of the Thessalonians in God our Father and the Lord Jesus Christ:


1 Timothy 1:1
Paul, an apostle of Jesus Christ, by the commandment of God our Savior and the Lord Jesus Christ, our hope,


2 Timothy 1:1
Paul, an apostle of Jesus Christ [NU-Text and M-Text read Christ Jesus] by the will of God, according to the promise of life which is in Christ Jesus,


Titus 1:1
Paul, a bondservant of God and an apostle of Jesus Christ, according to the faith of God’s elect and the acknowledgment of the truth which accords with godliness,


Philemon 1:1
Paul, a prisoner of Christ Jesus, and Timothy our brother, To Philemon our beloved friend and fellow laborer,

 

Philemon 1:8-10

8 Therefore, though I might be very bold in Christ to command you what is fitting, 9yet for love’s sake I rather appeal to you--being such a one as Paul, the aged, and now also a prisoner of Jesus Christ-- 10I appeal to you for my son Onesimus, whom I have begotten while in my chains,

 

5.  Paul acknowledged the power of Jesus Christ.


Acts 16:18
And this she did for many days. But Paul, greatly annoyed, turned and said to the spirit, “I command you in the name of Jesus Christ to come out of her.” And he came out that very hour.


Acts 19:13-15

13Then some of the itinerant Jewish exorcists took it upon themselves to call the name of the Lord Jesus over those who had evil spirits, saying, “We [NU-Text reads I]  exorcise you by the Jesus whom Paul preaches.” 14Also there were seven sons of Sceva, a Jewish chief priest, who did so.
15And the evil spirit answered and said, “Jesus I know, and Paul I know; but who are you?”

 


6.  Paul confirmed Jesus’s prophecy regarding His return.

Acts 13:23-25
23From this man’s seed, according to the promise, God raised up for Israel a Savior—Jesus—[M-Text reads for Israel salvation. ]  24after John had first preached, before His coming, the baptism of repentance to all the people of Israel. 25And as John was finishing his course, he said, “Who do you think I am? I am not He. But behold, there comes One after me, the sandals of whose feet I am not worthy to loose.’


Acts 19:4
Then Paul said, “John indeed baptized with a baptism of repentance, saying to the people that they should believe on Him who would come after him, that is, on Christ Jesus.”

 

Mark 1:1-5

1 The beginning of the gospel of Jesus Christ, the Son of God. 2As it is written in the Prophets: [NU-Text reads Isaiah the prophet]
        “Behold, I send My messenger before Your face,
        Who will prepare Your way before You.” [NU-Text reads Isaiah the prophet
]

             3”The voice of one crying in the wilderness:
        “Prepare the way of the LORD;
        Make His paths straight.” [Isaiah 40:3]
4John came baptizing in the wilderness and preaching a baptism of repentance for the remission of sins. 5Then all the land of Judea, and those from Jerusalem, went out to him and were all baptized by him in the Jordan River, confessing their sins.

 

 

1 Corinthians 15:51-53

51Behold, I tell you a mystery: We shall not all sleep, but we shall all be changed-- 52in a moment, in the twinkling of an eye, at the last trumpet. For the trumpet will sound, and the dead will be raised incorruptible, and we shall be changed. 53For this corruptible must put on incorruption, and this mortal must put on immortality.

 

1 Thessalonians 4:15–18

15For this we say to you by the word of the Lord, that we who are alive and remain until the coming of the Lord will by no means precede those who are asleep. 16For the Lord Himself will descend from heaven with a shout, with the voice of an archangel, and with the trumpet of God. And the dead in Christ will rise first. 17Then we who are alive and remain shall be caught up together with them in the clouds to meet the Lord in the air. And thus we shall always be with the Lord. 18Therefore comfort one another with these words.

 

Matthew 24
30Then the sign of the Son of Man will appear in heaven, and then all the tribes of the earth will mourn, and they will see the Son of Man coming on the clouds of heaven with power and great glory. 31And He will send His angels with a great sound of a trumpet, and they will gather together His elect from the four winds, from one end of heaven to the other.

Mark 13:25-27
25the stars of heaven will fall, and the powers in the heavens will be shaken. 26Then they will see the Son of Man coming in the clouds with great power and glory. 27And then He will send His angels, and gather together His elect from the four winds, from the farthest part of earth to the farthest part of heaven.

 

1 Thessalonians 5:2
For you yourselves know perfectly that the day of the Lord so comes as a thief in the night.

Matthew 24:43
But know this, that if the master of the house had known what hour the thief would come, he would have watched and not allowed his house to be broken into.


Luke 12:39
But know this, that if the master of the house had known what hour the thief would come, he would have watched and [NU-Text reads he would not have allowed] not allowed his house to be broken into.


2 Peter 3:10
But the day of the Lord will come as a thief in the night, in which the heavens will pass away with a great noise, and the elements will melt with fervent heat; both the earth and the works that are in it will be burned up.[NU-Text reads laid bare (literally found]

 


7. Paul acknowledged the gospel of Jesus Christ.


Romans 10:1

1Brethren, my heart’s desire and prayer to God for Israel [NU-Text reads them]. is that they may be saved.


Romans 10:14
14How then shall they call on Him in whom they have not believed? And how shall they believe in Him of whom they have not heard? And how shall they hear without a preacher?

Romans 10:15
15And how shall they preach unless they are sent? As it is written: “How beautiful are the feet of those who preach the gospel of peace, [NU-Text omits preach the gospel of peace, Who] Who bring glad tidings of good things!” [NU-Text omits preach the gospel of peace, Who]

Romans 10:16
16But they have not all obeyed the gospel. For Isaiah says, “LORD, who has believed our report?” [Isaiah 53:1]

 

Isaiah 53
1 Who has believed our report?
        And to whom has the arm of the LORD been revealed?


1 Corinthians 9:12
12If others are partakers of this right over you, are we not even more? Nevertheless we have not used this right, but endure all things lest we hinder the gospel of Christ.


1 Corinthians 9:14
14Even so the Lord has commanded that those who preach the gospel should live from the gospel.


2 Corinthians 8:18
18And we have sent with him the brother whose praise is in the gospel throughout all the churches,


2 Corinthians 9:13
13while, through the proof of this ministry, they glorify God for the obedience of your confession to the gospel of Christ, and for your liberal sharing with them and all men,


Galatians 1:6
6I marvel that you are turning away so soon from Him who called you in the grace of Christ, to a different gospel,


Galatians 1:7
6which is not another; but there are some who trouble you and want to pervert the gospel of Christ.

Galatians 3:8
8And the Scripture, foreseeing that God would justify the Gentiles by faith, preached the gospel to Abraham beforehand, saying, “In you all the nations shall be blessed.”

 

Genesis 12:3
I will bless those who bless you, And I will curse him who curses you; And in you all the families of the earth shall be blessed.”

Genesis 18:18
since Abraham shall surely become a great and mighty nation, and all the nations of the earth shall be blessed in him?

Genesis 22:18
In your seed all the nations of the earth shall be blessed, because you have obeyed My voice.”

Genesis 26:4
And I will make your descendants multiply as the stars of heaven; I will give to your descendants all these lands; and in your seed all the nations of the earth shall be blessed;

Genesis 28:14
Also your descendants shall be as the dust of the earth; you shall spread abroad to the west and the east, to the north and the south; and in you and in your seed all the families of the earth shall be blessed.

 

Galatians 4:13
13You know that because of physical infirmity I preached the gospel to you at the first.


Ephesians 1:13
13In Him you also trusted, after you heard the word of truth, the gospel of your salvation; in whom also, having believed, you were sealed with the Holy Spirit of promise,


Philippians 1:5
5for your fellowship in the gospel from the first day until now,


Philippians 1:7
7just as it is right for me to think this of you all, because I have you in my heart, inasmuch as both in my chains and in the defense and confirmation of the gospel, you all are partakers with me of grace.


Philippians 1:12
12But I want you to know, brethren, that the things which happened to me have actually turned out for the furtherance of the gospel,


Philippians 1:27
27Only let your conduct be worthy of the gospel of Christ, so that whether I come and see you or am absent, I may hear of your affairs, that you stand fast in one spirit, with one mind striving together for the faith of the gospel,


Philippians 4:15
15Now you Philippians know also that in the beginning of the gospel, when I departed from Macedonia, no church shared with me concerning giving and receiving but you only.


Colossians 1:5
5because of the hope which is laid up for you in heaven, of which you heard before in the word of the truth of the gospel,

 


8.  Paul preached the gospel of Jesus Christ.


Acts 16:10
10Now after he had seen the vision, immediately we sought to go to Macedonia, concluding that the Lord had called us to preach the gospel to them.


Acts 20:24
24But none of these things move me; nor do I count my life dear to myself, [NU-Text readsBut I do not count my life of any value or dear to myself] so that I may finish my race with joy, and the ministry which I received from the Lord Jesus, to testify to the gospel of the grace of God.


Romans 1:1
1Paul, a bondservant of Jesus Christ, called to be an apostle, separated to the gospel of God


Romans 1:9
9For God is my witness, whom I serve with my spirit in the gospel of His Son, that without ceasing I make mention of you always in my prayers,


Romans 1:15
15So, as much as is in me, I am ready to preach the gospel to you who are in Rome also.


Romans 1:16
16For I am not ashamed of the gospel of Christ, [NU-Text omits of Christ] for it is the power of God to salvation for everyone who believes, for the Jew first and also for the Greek.


Romans 2:16
16in the day when God will judge the secrets of men by Jesus Christ, according to my gospel.


Romans 15:16
16that I might be a minister of Jesus Christ to the Gentiles, ministering the gospel of God, that the offering of the Gentiles might be acceptable, sanctified by the Holy Spirit.


Romans 15:19
19in mighty signs and wonders, by the power of the Spirit of God, so that from Jerusalem and round about to Illyricum I have fully preached the gospel of Christ.


Romans 15:20
20And so I have made it my aim to preach the gospel, not where Christ was named, lest I should build on another man’s foundation,


Romans 15:29
29But I know that when I come to you, I shall come in the fullness of the blessing of the gospel [NU-Text omits of the gospel] of Christ.


Romans 16:25
25Now to Him who is able to establish you according to my gospel and the preaching of Jesus Christ, according to the revelation of the mystery kept secret since the world began


1 Corinthians 1:17
17For Christ did not send me to baptize, but to preach the gospel, not with wisdom of words, lest the cross of Christ should be made of no effect.


1 Corinthians 4:15
15For though you might have ten thousand instructors in Christ, yet you do not have many fathers; for in Christ Jesus I have begotten you through the gospel.


1 Corinthians 9:16
16For if I preach the gospel, I have nothing to boast of, for necessity is laid upon me; yes, woe is me if I do not preach the gospel!


1 Corinthians 9:18
18What is my reward then? That when I preach the gospel, I may present the gospel of Christ [NU-Text omits of Christ] without charge, that I may not abuse my authority in the gospel.


1 Corinthians 9:23
23 Now this I do for the gospel’s sake, that I may be partaker of it with you.


1 Corinthians 15:1-2
1 Moreover, brethren, I declare to you the gospel which I preached to you, which also you received and in which you stand, 2by which also you are saved, if you hold fast that word which I preached to you--unless you believed in vain.

2 Corinthians 2:12
12 Furthermore, when I came to Troas to preach Christ’s gospel, and a door was opened to me by the Lord,


2 Corinthians 4

1 Therefore, since we have this ministry, as we have received mercy, we do not lose heart. 2But we have renounced the hidden things of shame, not walking in craftiness nor handling the word of God deceitfully, but by manifestation of the truth commending ourselves to every man’s conscience in the sight of God. 3But even if our gospel is veiled, it is veiled to those who are perishing, 4whose minds the god of this age has blinded, who do not believe, lest the light of the gospel of the glory of Christ, who is the image of God, should shine on them. 5For we do not preach ourselves, but Christ Jesus the Lord, and ourselves your bondservants for Jesus’ sake. 6For it is the God who commanded light to shine out of darkness, who has shone in our hearts to give the light of the knowledge of the glory of God in the face of Jesus Christ.

2 Corinthians 10:14
14For we are not overextending ourselves (as though our authority did not extend to you), for it was to you that we came with the gospel of Christ;


2 Corinthians 10:16
16to preach the gospel in the regions beyond you, and not to boast in another man’s sphere of accomplishment.


2 Corinthians 11:4
4For if he who comes preaches another Jesus whom we have not preached, or if you receive a different spirit which you have not received, or a different gospel which you have not accepted--you may well put up with it!


2 Corinthians 11:7
7Did I commit sin in humbling myself that you might be exalted, because I preached the gospel of God to you free of charge?


Galatians 1:1
1Paul, an apostle (not from men nor through man, but through Jesus Christ and God the Father who raised Him from the dead),


Galatians 1:8
8But even if we, or an angel from heaven, preach any other gospel to you than what we have preached to you, let him be accursed.


Galatians 1:9
9As we have said before, so now I say again, if anyone preaches any other gospel to you than what you have received, let him be accursed.


Galatians 1:11
11But I make known to you, brethren, that the gospel which was preached by me is not according to man.


Galatians 2:1
1Then after fourteen years I went up again to Jerusalem with Barnabas, and also took Titus with me.


Galatians 2:2
2And I went up by revelation, and communicated to them that gospel which I preach among the Gentiles, but privately to those who were of reputation, lest by any means I might run, or had run, in vain.


Galatians 2:5
5to whom we did not yield submission even for an hour, that the truth of the gospel might continue with you.


Galatians 2:7
7But on the contrary, when they saw that the gospel for the uncircumcised had been committed to me, as the gospel for the circumcised was to Peter


Galatians 2:14
14But when I saw that they were not straightforward about the truth of the gospel, I said to Peter before them all, “If you, being a Jew, live in the manner of Gentiles and not as the Jews, why do you[NU-Text readshow can you] compel Gentiles to live as Jews? [ Some interpreters stop the quotation here]


Ephesians 3:6
3that the Gentiles should be fellow heirs, of the same body, and partakers of His promise in Christ through the gospel,


Ephesians 6:15
15and having shod your feet with the preparation of the gospel of peace;


Ephesians 6:19
19and for me, that utterance may be given to me, that I may open my mouth boldly to make known the mystery of the gospel,


Philippians 1:17
17but the latter out of love, knowing that I am appointed for the defense of the gospel.


Philippians 2:22
22But you know his proven character, that as a son with his father he served with me in the gospel.


Philippians 4:3
3And [NU-Text and M-Text read Yes] I urge you also, true companion, help these women who labored with me in the gospel, with Clement also, and the rest of my fellow workers, whose names are in the Book of Life.


Colossians 1:23
23if indeed you continue in the faith, grounded and steadfast, and are not moved away from the hope of the gospel which you heard, which was preached to every creature under heaven, of which I, Paul, became a minister.


1 Thessalonians 2:2
2But even [NU-Text and M-Text omit even] after we had suffered before and were spitefully treated at Philippi, as you know, we were bold in our God to speak to you the gospel of God in much conflict.


1 Thessalonians 2:4
4But as we have been approved by God to be entrusted with the gospel, even so we speak, not as pleasing men, but God who tests our hearts.


1 Thessalonians 2:8
8So, affectionately longing for you, we were well pleased to impart to you not only the gospel of God, but also our own lives, because you had become dear to us.


1 Thessalonians 2:9
9For you remember, brethren, our labor and toil; for laboring night and day, that we might not be a burden to any of you, we preached to you the gospel of God.


1 Thessalonians 3:2
2and sent Timothy, our brother and minister of God, and our fellow laborer in the gospel of Christ, to establish you and encourage you concerning your faith,


2 Thessalonians 1:8
8in flaming fire taking vengeance on those who do not know God, and on those who do not obey the gospel of our Lord Jesus Christ.


2 Thessalonians 2:14
14to which He called you by our gospel, for the obtaining of the glory of our Lord Jesus Christ.


1 Timothy 1:1
1Paul, an apostle of Jesus Christ, by the commandment of God our Savior and the Lord Jesus Christ, our hope,


1 Timothy 1:11
1according to the glorious gospel of the blessed God which was committed to my trust


2 Timothy 1:8
8Therefore do not be ashamed of the testimony of our Lord, nor of me His prisoner, but share with me in the sufferings for the gospel according to the power of God,


1 Thessalonians 1:5
5For our gospel did not come to you in word only, but also in power, and in the Holy Spirit and in much assurance, as you know what kind of men we were among you for your sake.


2 Timothy 1:10
10but has now been revealed by the appearing of our Savior Jesus Christ, who has abolished death and brought life and immortality to light through the gospel,


2 Timothy 2:8
8Remember that Jesus Christ, of the seed of David, was raised from the dead according to my gospel,


Philemon 1:13
13whom I wished to keep with me, that on your behalf he might minister to me in my chains for the gospel.

See also

IV.  Legal Confirmation.  A.  The testimony of the prophets and the apostles was confirmed by other prophets and apostles.


As well as the essays located here:

 

Glenn Miller. “An on-going argument: How “non-Jesus” was Paul, really?”

http://www.christian-thinktank.com/muslix.html

 


9.  Paul preached the same doctrine of salvation as Jesus and the other Apostles.


          
a.  Jesus Christ.


Matthew 18:6
“Whoever causes one of these little ones who believe in Me to sin, it would be better for him if a millstone were hung around his neck, and he were drowned in the depth of the sea.

Matthew 27:42
“He saved others; Himself He cannot save. If He is the King of Israel, [NU-Text reads He is the King of
Israel!] let Him now come down from the cross, and we will believe Him. [NU-Text and M-Text read we will believe in Him]

Mark 1:15
and saying, “The time is fulfilled, and the
kingdom of God is at hand. Repent, and believe in the gospel.”

 

Mark 16:15
And He said to them, “Go into all the world and preach the gospel to every creature.

Luke 8:12
Those by the wayside are the ones who hear; then the devil comes and takes away the word out of their hearts, lest they should believe and be saved.

Luke 8:13
But the ones on the rock are those who, when they hear, receive the word with joy; and these have no root, who believe for a while and in time of temptation fall away.

Luke 22:67
“If You are the Christ, tell us.” But He said to them, “If I tell you, you will by no means believe.

Luke 24:25
Then He said to them, “O foolish ones, and slow of heart to believe in all that the prophets have spoken!

John 1:12
But as many as received Him, to them He gave the right to become children of God, to those who believe in His name:

John 2:23
Now when He was in
Jerusalem at the Passover, during the feast, many believed in His name when they saw the signs which He did.

John 3:16
For God so loved the world that He gave His only begotten Son, that whoever believes in Him should not perish but have everlasting life.

John 3:18
He who believes in Him is not condemned; but he who does not believe is condemned already, because he has not believed in the name of the only begotten Son of God.

John 3:36
He who believes in the Son has everlasting life; and he who does not believe the Son shall not see life, but the wrath of God abides on him.”

John 4:42
Then they said to the woman, “Now we believe, not because of what you said, for we ourselves have heard Him and we know that this is indeed the Christ, [NU-Text omits the Christ] the Savior of the world.”

John 5:46
For if you believed Moses, you would believe Me; for he wrote about Me.

John 5:47
But if you do not believe his writings, how will you believe My words?”

John 6:29
Jesus answered and said to them, “This is the work of God, that you believe in Him whom He sent.”

John 6:35
And Jesus said to them, “I am the bread of life. He who comes to Me shall never hunger, and he who believes in Me shall never thirst.

John 6:36
But I said to you that you have seen Me and yet do not believe.

John 6:40
And this is the will of Him who sent Me, that everyone who sees the Son and believes in Him may have everlasting life; and I will raise him up at the last day.”

John 6:47
Most assuredly, I say to you, he who believes in Me[NU-Text omits in Me] has everlasting life.

John 6:69
Also we have come to believe and know that You are the Christ, the Son of the living God.”[NU-Text reads You are the Holy One of God]

John 7:31
And many of the people believed in Him, and said, “When the Christ comes, will He do more signs than these which this Man has done?”

John 7:38
He who believes in Me, as the Scripture has said, out of his heart will flow rivers of living water.”

John 7:48
Have any of the rulers or the Pharisees believed in Him?

John 8:24
Therefore I said to you that you will die in your sins; for if you do not believe that I am He, you will die in your sins.”

John 9:35-38
35 Jesus heard that they had cast him out; and when He had found him, He said to him, “Do you believe in the Son of God?” [NU-Text reads Son of Man]
36He answered and said, “Who is He, Lord, that I may believe in Him?”
37And Jesus said to him, “You have both seen Him and it is He who is talking with you.”
38Then he said, “Lord, I believe!” And he worshiped Him.

John 10:42
And many believed in Him there.

John 11:25
Jesus said to her, “I am the resurrection and the life. He who believes in Me, though he may die, he shall live.

John 11:45
Then many of the Jews who had come to Mary, and had seen the things Jesus did, believed in Him.

John 12:46
I have come as a light into the world, that whoever believes in Me should not abide in darkness.

John 14:1
“Let not your heart be troubled; you believe in God, believe also in Me.

John 16:9
of sin, because they do not believe in Me;

John 16:27
for the Father Himself loves you, because you have loved Me, and have believed that I came forth from God.

John 17:8
For I have given to them the words which You have given Me; and they have received them, and have known surely that I came forth from You; and they have believed that You sent Me.

John 17:20
“I do not pray for these alone, but also for those who will [NU-Text and M-Text omit will] believe in Me through their word;

John 17:21
that they all may be one, as You, Father, are in Me, and I in You; that they also may be one in Us, that the world may believe that You sent Me.

John 20:31
but these are written that you may believe that Jesus is the Christ, the Son of God, and that believing you may have life in His name.

            b.  Other Apostles.


Peter:

 

Acts 4

8Then Peter, filled with the Holy Spirit, said to them, “Rulers of the people and elders of Israel: 9If we this day are judged for a good deed done to a helpless man, by what means he has been made well, 10let it be known to you all, and to all the people of Israel, that by the name of Jesus Christ of Nazareth, whom you crucified, whom God raised from the dead, by Him this man stands here before you whole. 11This is the “stone which was rejected by you builders, which has become the chief cornerstone.’ [Psalm 118:22] 12Nor is there salvation in any other, for there is no other name under heaven given among men by which we must be saved.”

 

1 Peter 2:7
Therefore, to you who believe, He is precious; but to those who are disobedient, [NU-Text reads to those who disbelieve] “The stone which the builders rejected Has become the chief cornerstone,”[NU-Text reads to those who disbelieve. ]

Psalm 118:22
The stone which the builders rejected Has become the chief cornerstone.

 

Matthew 21:42
Jesus said to them, “Have you never read in the Scriptures: “The stone which the builders rejected Has become the chief cornerstone. This was the LORD’s doing, And it is marvelous in our eyes’? [Psalm 118:22, 23]

 

Mark 12:10
Have you not even read this Scripture: “The stone which the builders rejected Has become the chief cornerstone.

 

Luke 20:17
Then He looked at them and said, “What then is this that is written: “The stone which the builders rejected Has become the chief cornerstone’? [Psalm 118:22]

 

 

 

1 Peter 2:6
Therefore it is also contained in the Scripture, “Behold, I lay in Zion A chief cornerstone, elect, precious, And he who believes on Him will by no means be put to shame.” [Isaiah 28:16]

Isaiah 28:16
Therefore thus says the Lord GOD: “Behold, I lay in Zion a stone for a foundation, A tried stone, a precious cornerstone, a sure foundation; Whoever believes will not act hastily.

 

 

John:

1 John 1:9
If we confess our sins, He is faithful and just to forgive us our sins and to cleanse us from all unrighteousness.


1 John 1:9
If we confess our sins, He is faithful and just to forgive us our sins and to cleanse us from all unrighteousness.


1 John 5:1
Whoever believes that Jesus is the Christ is born of God, and everyone who loves Him who begot also loves him who is begotten of Him.

            c.  Paul.


Acts 16:31

So they [Paul and Silas] said, “Believe on the Lord Jesus Christ, and you will be saved, you and your household.”

Romans 1:15-17

15So, as much as is in me, I am ready to preach the gospel to you who are in Rome also.
16 For I am not ashamed of the gospel of Christ, [NU-Text omits of Christ] for it is the power of God to salvation for everyone who believes, for the Jew first and also for the Greek. 17For in it the righteousness of God is revealed from faith to faith; as it is written, “The just shall live by faith.” [Habakkuk 2:4]

 

Habakkuk 2
4”Behold the proud,
        His soul is not upright in him;
        But the just shall live by his faith.

 

Romans 3

21 But now the righteousness of God apart from the law is revealed, being witnessed by the Law and the Prophets, 22even the righteousness of God, through faith in Jesus Christ, to all and on all who believe. For there is no difference; 23for all have sinned and fall short of the glory of God, 24being justified freely by His grace through the redemption that is in Christ Jesus, 25whom God set forth as a propitiation by His blood, through faith, to demonstrate His righteousness, because in His forbearance God had passed over the sins that were previously committed, 26to demonstrate at the present time His righteousness, that He might be just and the justifier of the one who has faith in Jesus.

 

Romans 10:3-5
3For they being ignorant of God’s righteousness, and seeking to establish their own righteousness, have not submitted to the righteousness of God. 4For Christ is the end of the law for righteousness to everyone who believes.
5For Moses writes about the righteousness which is of the law, “The man who does those things shall live by them.”

 

John 8:31
Then Jesus said to those Jews who believed Him, “If you abide in My word, you are My disciples indeed.

 

Leviticus 18:5
You shall therefore keep My statutes and My judgments, which if a man does, he shall live by them: I am the LORD.

 

Leviticus 18:26
You shall therefore keep My statutes and My judgments, and shall not commit any of these abominations, either any of your own nation or any stranger who dwells among you

 

Leviticus 20:22
You shall therefore keep all My statutes and all My judgments, and perform them, that the land where I am bringing you to dwell may not vomit you out.

 

 

 

 

Romans 9:31-33

31but Israel, pursuing the law of righteousness, has not attained to the law of righteousness. [NU-Text omits of righteousness]. 32Why? Because they did not seek it by faith, but as it were, by the works of the law. [NU-Text reads by works]  For they stumbled at that stumbling stone. 33As it is written:
        “Behold, I lay in Zion a stumbling stone and rock of offense,
        And whoever believes on Him will not be put to shame.” [Isaiah 8:14; 28:16]

 

Romans 10:9-11

9that if you confess with your mouth the Lord Jesus and believe in your heart that God has raised Him from the dead, you will be saved. 10For with the heart one believes unto righteousness, and with the mouth confession is made unto salvation. 11For the Scripture says, “Whoever believes on Him will not be put to shame.”

 

Isaiah 8:14
He will be as a sanctuary, But a stone of stumbling and a rock of offense To both the houses of Israel, As a trap and a snare to the inhabitants of Jerusalem.

 

Isaiah 28:16
Therefore thus says the Lord GOD: “Behold, I lay in Zion a stone for a foundation, A tried stone, a precious cornerstone, a sure foundation; Whoever believes will not act hastily.

 

Romans 15:5-6
5Now may the God of patience and comfort grant you to be like-minded toward one another, according to Christ Jesus, 6that you may with one mind and one mouth glorify the God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ.

 

            d.  Results


Acts 2:44
Now all who believed were together, and had all things in common,

Acts 4:4
However, many of those who heard the word believed; and the number of the men came to be about five thousand.

Acts 4:32
Now the multitude of those who believed were of one heart and one soul; neither did anyone say that any of the things he possessed was his own, but they had all things in common.

Acts 5:14
And believers were increasingly added to the Lord, multitudes of both men and women,

Acts 8:12
But when they believed Philip as he preached the things concerning the kingdom of God and the name of Jesus Christ, both men and women were baptized.

Acts 8:13
Then Simon himself also believed; and when he was baptized he continued with Philip, and was amazed, seeing the miracles and signs which were done.

Acts 8:37
Then Philip said, “If you believe with all your heart, you may.” And he answered and said, “I believe that Jesus Christ is the Son of God.”[NU-Text and M-Text omit this verse. It is found in Western texts, including the Latin tradition]

Acts 9:42
And it became known throughout all Joppa, and many believed on the Lord.

Acts 10:43
To Him all the prophets witness that, through His name, whoever believes in Him will receive remission of sins.”

Acts 10:45
And those of the circumcision who believed were astonished, as many as came with Peter, because the gift of the Holy Spirit had been poured out on the Gentiles also.

Acts 11:21
And the hand of the Lord was with them, and a great number believed and turned to the Lord.

Acts 13:12
Then the proconsul believed, when he saw what had been done, being astonished at the teaching of the Lord.

Acts 13:39
and by Him everyone who believes is justified from all things from which you could not be justified by the law of Moses.

Acts 13:48
Now when the Gentiles heard this, they were glad and glorified the word of the Lord. And as many as had been appointed to eternal life believed.

Acts 14:1
Now it happened in Iconium that they went together to the synagogue of the Jews, and so spoke that a great multitude both of the Jews and of the Greeks believed.

Acts 14:23
So when they had appointed elders in every church, and prayed with fasting, they commended them to the Lord in whom they had believed.

Acts 15:5
But some of the sect of the Pharisees who believed rose up, saying, “It is necessary to circumcise them, and to command them to keep the law of Moses.”

Acts 15:7
And when there had been much dispute, Peter rose up and said to them: “Men and brethren, you know that a good while ago God chose among us, that by my mouth the Gentiles should hear the word of the gospel and believe.

Acts 15:11
But we believe that through the grace of the Lord Jesus Christ [NU-Text and M-Text omit Christ] we shall be saved in the same manner as they.”

Acts 16:1
Then he came to Derbe and Lystra. And behold, a certain disciple was there, named Timothy, the son of a certain Jewish woman who believed, but his father was Greek.

Acts 16:31
So they said, “Believe on the Lord Jesus Christ, and you will be saved, you and your household.”

Acts 16:34
Now when he had brought them into his house, he set food before them; and he rejoiced, having believed in God with all his household.

Acts 17:12
Therefore many of them believed, and also not a few of the Greeks, prominent women as well as men.

Acts 17:34
However, some men joined him and believed, among them Dionysius the Areopagite, a woman named Damaris, and others with them.

Acts 18:8
Then Crispus, the ruler of the synagogue, believed on the Lord with all his household. And many of the Corinthians, hearing, believed and were baptized.

Acts 18:27
And when he desired to cross to Achaia, the brethren wrote, exhorting the disciples to receive him; and when he arrived, he greatly helped those who had believed through grace;

Acts 19:2
he said to them, “Did you receive the Holy Spirit when you believed?” So they said to him, “We have not so much as heard whether there is a Holy Spirit.”

Acts 19:4
Then Paul said, “John indeed baptized with a baptism of repentance, saying to the people that they should believe on Him who would come after him, that is, on Christ Jesus.”

Acts 19:18
And many who had believed came confessing and telling their deeds.

Acts 21:20
And when they heard it, they glorified the Lord. And they said to him, “You see, brother, how many myriads of Jews there are who have believed, and they are all zealous for the law;

Acts 21:25
But concerning the Gentiles who believe, we have written and decided that they should observe no such thing, [NU-Text omits that they should observe no such thing, except. ] except that they should keep themselves from things offered to idols, from blood, from things strangled, and from sexual immorality.”

Romans 1:16
For I am not ashamed of the gospel of Christ, [NU-Text omits of Christ] for it is the power of God to salvation for everyone who believes, for the Jew first and also for the Greek.

Romans 3:22
even the righteousness of God, through faith in Jesus Christ, to all and on all [NU-Text omits and on all] who believe. For there is no difference;


Romans 4:3
For what does the Scripture say? “Abraham believed God, and it was accounted to him for righteousness.”

Galatians 3:6
just as Abrahambelieved God, and it was accounted to him for righteousness.”

Genesis 15:6
And he believed in the LORD, and He accounted it to him for righteousness.

 

Romans 4:5
But to him who does not work but believes on Him who justifies the ungodly, his faith is accounted for righteousness,

Romans 4:11
And he received the sign of circumcision, a seal of the righteousness of the faith which he had while still uncircumcised, that he might be the father of all those who believe, though they are uncircumcised, that righteousness might be imputed to them also,


Romans 4:17-19
17(as it is written, “I have made you a father of many nations” [Genesis 17:5] ) in the presence of Him whom he believed--God, who gives life to the dead and calls those things which do not exist as though they did; 18who, contrary to hope, in hope believed, so that he became the father of many nations, according to what was spoken, “So shall your descendants be.” [Genesis 15:5] 19And not being weak in faith, he did not consider his own body, already dead (since he was about a hundred years old), and the deadness of Sarah’s womb.

Genesis 17:5
No longer shall your name be called Abram, but your name shall be Abraham; for I have made you a father of many nations.


Genesis 15:5
Then He brought him outside and said, “Look now toward heaven, and count the stars if you are able to number them.” And He said to him, “So shall your descendants be.”

 

 

 

Romans 4:24
but also for us. It shall be imputed to us who believe in Him who raised up Jesus our Lord from the dead,

Romans 6:8
Now if we died with Christ, we believe that we shall also live with Him,


Romans 10:4
For Christ is the end of the law for righteousness to everyone who believes.

Romans 10:9
that if you confess with your mouth the Lord Jesus and believe in your heart that God has raised Him from the dead, you will be saved.

Romans 10:10
For with the heart one believes unto righteousness, and with the mouth confession is made unto salvation.

 

Romans 10:11
For the Scripture says, “Whoever believes on Him will not be put to shame.” [Isaiah 28:16]

 

Romans 10:14
How then shall they call on Him in whom they have not believed? And how shall they believe in Him of whom they have not heard? And how shall they hear without a preacher?

1 Corinthians 3:5
Who then is Paul, and who is Apollos, but ministers through whom you believed, as the Lord gave to each one?

Galatians 2:16
knowing that a man is not justified by the works of the law but by faith in Jesus Christ, even we have believed in Christ Jesus, that we might be justified by faith in Christ and not by the works of the law; for by the works of the law no flesh shall be justified.


Galatians 3:22
But the Scripture has confined all under sin, that the promise by faith in Jesus Christ might be given to those who believe.

Ephesians 1:13
In Him you also trusted, after you heard the word of truth, the gospel of your salvation; in whom also, having believed, you were sealed with the Holy Spirit of promise,

Ephesians 1:19
and what is the exceeding greatness of His power toward us who believe, according to the working of His mighty power

Philippians 1:29
For to you it has been granted on behalf of Christ, not only to believe in Him, but also to suffer for His sake,

1 Thessalonians 1:7
so that you became examples to all in Macedonia and Achaia who believe.

1 Thessalonians 2:10
You are witnesses, and God also, how devoutly and justly and blamelessly we behaved ourselves among you who believe;

1 Thessalonians 2:13
For this reason we also thank God without ceasing, because when you received the word of God which you heard from us, you welcomed it not as the word of men, but as it is in truth, the word of God, which also effectively works in you who believe.

1 Thessalonians 4:14
For if we believe that Jesus died and rose again, even so God will bring with Him those who sleep in Jesus.[ Or those who through Jesus sleep]

2 Thessalonians 1:10
when He comes, in that Day, to be glorified in His saints and to be admired among all those who believe, [NU-Text and M-Text read [have believed] because our testimony among you was believed.

1 Timothy 1:16
However, for this reason I obtained mercy, that in me first Jesus Christ might show all longsuffering, as a pattern to those who are going to believe on Him for everlasting life.

1 Timothy 4:10
For to this end we both labor and suffer reproach, [NU-Text reads we labor and strive] because we trust in the living God, who is the Savior of all men, especially of those who believe.

1 Timothy 4:12
Let no one despise your youth, but be an example to the believers in word, in conduct, in love, in spirit, [NU-Text omits in spirit] in faith, in purity.

2 Timothy 1:12
For this reason I also suffer these things; nevertheless I am not ashamed, for I know whom I have believed and am persuaded that He is able to keep what I have committed to Him until that Day.

Titus 3:8
This is a faithful saying, and these things I want you to affirm constantly, that those who have believed in God should be careful to maintain good works. These things are good and profitable to men.

 

Hebrews 4:3
For we who have believed do enter that rest, as He has said: “So I swore in My wrath, “They shall not enter My rest,” [Psalm 95:11] although the works were finished from the foundation of the world.

Psalm 95:11
So I swore in My wrath, “They shall not enter My rest.’“


Hebrews 10:39
But we are not of those who draw back to perdition, but of those who believe to the saving of the soul.

Hebrews 11:6
But without faith it is impossible to please Him, for he who comes to God must believe that He is, and that He is a rewarder of those who diligently seek Him.

 

James 2:23
And the Scripture was fulfilled which says, “Abraham believed God, and it was accounted to him for righteousness.” [Genesis 15:6] And he was called the friend of God.

 

1 Peter 1:21
who through Him believe in God, who raised Him from the dead and gave Him glory, so that your faith and hope are in God.

 

Genesis 15:6
And he believed in the LORD, and He accounted it to him for righteousness.

 

 

1 Peter 2:6
Therefore it is also contained in the Scripture, “Behold, I lay in Zion A chief cornerstone, elect, precious, And he who believes on Him will by no means be put to shame.” [Isaiah 28:16]

1 Peter 2:7
Therefore, to you who believe, He is precious; but to those who are disobedient, [NU-Text reads to those who disbelieve] “The stone which the builders rejected Has become the chief cornerstone,”[NU-Text reads to those who disbelieve]

Isaiah 28:16
Therefore thus says the Lord GOD: “Behold, I lay in Zion a stone for a foundation, A tried stone, a precious cornerstone, a sure foundation; Whoever believes will not act hastily.


1 John 3:23
And this is His commandment: that we should believe on the name of His Son Jesus Christ and love one another, as He gave us [M-Text omits us ] commandment.

1 John 4:16
And we have known and believed the love that God has for us. God is love, and he who abides in love abides in God, and God in him.

1 John 5:1
Whoever believes that Jesus is the Christ is born of God, and everyone who loves Him who begot also loves him who is begotten of Him.

1 John 5:5
Who is he who overcomes the world, but he who believes that Jesus is the Son of God?

1 John 5:10
He who believes in the Son of God has the witness in himself; he who does not believe God has made Him a liar, because he has not believed the testimony that God has given of His Son.

1 John 5:13
These things I have written to you who believe in the name of the Son of God, that you may know that you have eternal life, [NU-Text omits the rest of this verse] and that you may continue to believe in the name of the Son of God.


10.  Paul urged his readers to follow the example of Christ.

Glenn Miller points out at http://www.christian-thinktank.com/musly1.html#nogospel, “But not only did Paul know (and repeat) Jesus’ teaching--often almost verbatim!--he constantly pointed his readers to the life of Christ as an example to follow.”

Romans 15:1-6
1 We then who are strong ought to bear with the scruples of the weak, and not to please ourselves. 2Let each of us please his neighbor for his good, leading to edification. 3For even Christ did not please Himself; but as it is written, “The reproaches of those who reproached You fell on Me.” [Psalm 69:9] 4For whatever things were written before were written for our learning, that we through the patience and comfort of the Scriptures might have hope. 5Now may the God of patience and comfort grant you to be like-minded toward one another, according to Christ Jesus, 6that you may with one mind and one mouth glorify the God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ.

 

Psalm 69:9
Because zeal for Your house has eaten me up, And the reproaches of those who reproach You have fallen on me.

 

 

Philippians 2:5
Let this mind be in you which was also in Christ Jesus,

 

1 Corinthians 11:1
Imitate me, just as I also imitate Christ.

 

Ephesians 5:1
Therefore be imitators of God as dear children.

 

a.  Paul affirmed the beatitudes.

 

Paul

Jesus

2 Corinthians 6

4But in all things we commend ourselves as ministers of God: in much patience, in tribulations, in needs, in distresses, 5in stripes, in imprisonments, in tumults, in labors, in sleeplessness, in fastings; 6by purity, by knowledge, by longsuffering, by kindness, by the Holy Spirit, by sincere love, 7by the word of truth, by the power of God, by the armor of righteousness on the right hand and on the left, 8by honor and dishonor, by evil report and good report; as deceivers, and yet true; 9as unknown, and yet well known; as dying, and behold we live; as chastened, and yet not killed; 10as sorrowful, yet always rejoicing; as poor, yet making many rich; as having nothing, and yet possessing all things.

 

2 Corinthians 8:9
For you know the grace of our Lord Jesus Christ, that though He was rich, yet for your sakes He became poor, that you through His poverty might become rich.

 

Matthew 5:3
Blessed are the poor in spirit, For theirs is the kingdom of heaven.

 

 

Paul

Jesus

2 Corinthians 10:1
Now I, Paul, myself am pleading with you by the meekness and gentleness of Christ--who in presence am lowly among you, but being absent am bold toward you.

 

1 Timothy 6:11
But you, O man of God, flee these things and pursue righteousness, godliness, faith, love, patience, gentleness.

Matthew 5:5
Blessed are the meek, For they shall inherit the earth.

 

Matthew 11:29

29Take My yoke upon you and learn from Me, for I am gentle and lowly in heart, and you will find rest for your souls.

 

 

 

Paul

Jesus

Philippians 2:1
Therefore if there is any consolation in Christ, if any comfort of love, if any fellowship of the Spirit, if any affection and mercy,

 

 

Matthew 5:7
Blessed are the merciful, For they shall obtain mercy.

 

 

Paul

Jesus

1 Timothy 1:3-5

3 As I urged you when I went into Macedonia--remain in Ephesus that you may charge some that they teach no other doctrine, 4nor give heed to fables and endless genealogies, which cause disputes rather than godly edification which is in faith. 5Now the purpose of the commandment is love from a pure heart, from a good conscience, and from sincere faith,

 

1 Timothy 6:11
But you, O man of God, flee these things and pursue righteousness, godliness, faith, love, patience, gentleness.

 

2 Timothy 2:22
Flee also youthful lusts; but pursue righteousness, faith, love, peace with those who call on the Lord out of a pure heart.

 

Romans 12:1
I beseech you therefore, brethren, by the mercies of God, that you present your bodies a living sacrifice, holy, acceptable to God, which is your reasonable service.

 

Ephesians 1:4
just as He chose us in Him before the foundation of the world, that we should be holy and without blame before Him in love,

 

Colossians 1:22
in the body of His flesh through death, to present you holy, and blameless, and above reproach in His sight--

 

Matthew 5:8
Blessed are the pure in heart, For they shall see God.

 

 

Paul

Jesus

Romans 10:15
And how shall they preach unless they are sent? As it is written: “How beautiful are the feet of those who preach the gospel of peace, [NU-Text omits preach the gospel of peace, Who] Who bring glad tidings of good things!”[NU-Text omits preach the gospel of peace, Who]

 

Romans 12:18
If it is possible, as much as depends on you, live peaceably with all men.

 

Galatians 5:22
But the fruit of the Spirit is love, joy, peace, longsuffering, kindness, goodness, faithfulness,

 

Matthew 5:9
Blessed are the peacemakers, For they shall be called sons of God.

 

 

b.  Service to others.

 

Paul

Jesus

Romans 15:1
We then who are strong ought to bear with the scruples of the weak, and not to please ourselves.

 

Romans 12:13
distributing to the needs of the saints, given to hospitality.

2 Corinthians 6:4
But in all things we commend ourselves as ministers of God: in much patience, in tribulations, in needs, in distresses,


2 Corinthians 9:12
For the administration of this service not only supplies the needs of the saints, but also is abounding through many thanksgivings to God,

Titus 3:14
And let our people also learn to maintain good works, to meet urgent needs, that they may not be unfruitful.

Luke 22:27
For who is greater, he who sits at the table, or he who serves? Is it not he who sits at the table? Yet I am among you as the One who serves.

 


Paul

Jesus

Philippians 2:7
but made Himself of no reputation, taking the form of a bondservant, and coming in the likeness of men.

 

John 13:1-17
1 Now before the Feast of the Passover, when Jesus knew that His hour had come that He should depart from this world to the Father, having loved His own who were in the world, He loved them to the end.
2And supper being ended, the devil having already put it into the heart of Judas Iscariot, Simon’s son, to betray Him, 3Jesus, knowing that the Father had given all things into His hands, and that He had come from God and was going to God, 4rose from supper and laid aside His garments, took a towel and girded Himself. 5After that, He poured water into a basin and began to wash the disciples’ feet, and to wipe them with the towel with which He was girded. 6Then He came to Simon Peter. And Peter said to Him, “Lord, are You washing my feet?”
7Jesus answered and said to him, “What I am doing you do not understand now, but you will know after this.”
8Peter said to Him, “You shall never wash my feet!”
Jesus answered him, “If I do not wash you, you have no part with Me.”
9Simon Peter said to Him, “Lord, not my feet only, but also my hands and my head!”
10Jesus said to him, “He who is bathed needs only to wash his feet, but is completely clean; and you are clean, but not all of you.” 11For He knew who would betray Him; therefore He said, “You are not all clean.”
12So when He had washed their feet, taken His garments, and sat down again, He said to them, “Do you know what I have done to you? 13You call Me Teacher and Lord, and you say well, for so I am. 14If I then, your Lord and Teacher, have washed your feet, you also ought to wash one another’s feet. 15For I have given you an example, that you should do as I have done to you. 16Most assuredly, I say to you, a servant is not greater than his master; nor is he who is sent greater than he who sent him. 17If you know these things, blessed are you if you do them.

 

 

 

c.  Other examples.

 

Paul

Jesus

Romans 12:14
Bless those who persecute you; bless and do not curse.

 

Matthew 5:44
But I say to you, love your enemies, bless those who curse you, do good to those who hate you, and pray for those who spitefully use you and persecute you, [NU-Text omits three clauses from this verse, leaving, But I say to you, love your enemies and pray for those who persecute you.” ]

Luke 6
27 “But I say to you who hear: Love your enemies, do good to those who hate you, 28bless those who curse you, and pray for those who spitefully use you.

 

 

Paul, with Peter

Jesus

Romans 12:17
Repay no one evil for evil. Have regard for good things in the sight of all men.

 

Romans 12:21
Do not be overcome by evil, but overcome evil with good.

1 Thessalonians 5:15
See that no one renders evil for evil to anyone, but always pursue what is good both for yourselves and for all.

1 Peter 3:9
not returning evil for evil or reviling for reviling, but on the contrary blessing, knowing that you were called to this, that you may inherit a blessing.

 

Matthew 5:44
But I say to you, love your enemies, bless those who curse you, do good to those who hate you, and pray for those who spitefully use you and persecute you, [NU-Text omits three clauses from this verse, leaving, “But I say to you, love your enemies and pray for those who persecute you.”]

Luke 6:27-28
27 “But I say to you who hear: Love your enemies, do good to those who hate you, 28bless those who curse you, and pray for those who spitefully use you.

 

 

Paul

Jesus

Romans 13:7
7Render therefore to all their due: taxes to whom taxes are due, customs to whom customs, fear to whom fear, honor to whom honor.

 

Matthew 22:21
They said to Him, “Caesar’s.” And He said to them, “Render therefore to Caesar the things that are Caesar’s, and to God the things that are God’s.”

Mark 12:17
And Jesus answered and said to them, “Render to Caesar the things that are Caesar’s, and to God the things that are God’s.” And they marveled at Him.

Luke 20:25
And He said to them, “Render therefore to Caesar the things that are Caesar’s, and to God the things that are God’s.”

 

Paul

Jesus

Romans 14:13
Therefore let us not judge one another anymore, but rather resolve this, not to put a stumbling block or a cause to fall in our brother’s way.

Matthew 7:1-2

1 “Judge not, that you be not judged. 2For with what judgment you judge, you will be judged; and with the measure you use, it will be measured back to you.

 

Luke 6:37-42

37 “Judge not, and you shall not be judged. Condemn not, and you shall not be condemned. Forgive, and you will be forgiven. 38Give, and it will be given to you: good measure, pressed down, shaken together, and running over will be put into your bosom. For with the same measure that you use, it will be measured back to you.”
39And He spoke a parable to them: “Can the blind lead the blind? Will they not both fall into the ditch? 40A disciple is not above his teacher, but everyone who is perfectly trained will be like his teacher. 41And why do you look at the speck in your brother’s eye, but do not perceive the plank in your own eye? 42Or how can you say to your brother, “Brother, let me remove the speck that is in your eye,’ when you yourself do not see the plank that is in your own eye? Hypocrite! First remove the plank from your own eye, and then you will see clearly to remove the speck that is in your brother’s eye.

 

 

Paul

Jesus

Romans 14:14
I know and am convinced by the Lord Jesus that there is nothing unclean of itself; but to him who considers anything to be unclean, to him it is unclean.

Mark 7:15
There is nothing that enters a man from outside which can defile him; but the things which come out of him, those are the things that defile a man.

 

Paul, with Peter

Jesus, reported by Luke

1 Thessalonians 5:2

2For you yourselves know perfectly that the day of the Lord so comes as a thief in the night.

 

2 Peter 3:10
But the day of the Lord will come as a thief in the night, in which the heavens will pass away with a great noise, and the elements will melt with fervent heat; both the earth and the works that are in it will be burned up.[NU-Text reads laid bare (literally found)]

 

Luke 12:38-40
38And if he should come in the second watch, or come in the third watch, and find them so, blessed are those servants. 39But know this, that if the master of the house had known what hour the thief would come, he would have watched and [NU-Text reads he would not have allowed] not allowed his house to be broken into. 40Therefore you also be ready, for the Son of Man is coming at an hour you do not expect.”

 

 

Paul

Jesus

1 Corinthians 13:2
2And though I have the gift of prophecy, and understand all mysteries and all knowledge, and though I have all faith, so that I could remove mountains, but have not love, I am nothing.

 

Matthew 17:20

20So Jesus said to them, “Because of your unbelief; [NU-Text reads little faith] for assuredly, I say to you, if you have faith as a mustard seed, you will say to this mountain, “Move from here to there,’ and it will move; and nothing will be impossible for you.



Paul

Jesus

1 Corinthians 13:3

3And though I bestow all my goods to feed the poor, and though I give my body to be burned, [NU-Text reads so I may boast] but have not love, it profits me nothing.

 

Matthew 19:21
Jesus said to him, “If you want to be perfect, go, sell what you have and give to the poor, and you will have treasure in heaven; and come, follow Me.”


Mark 10:21
Then Jesus, looking at him, loved him, and said to him, “One thing you lack: Go your way, sell whatever you have and give to the poor, and you will have treasure in heaven; and come, take up the cross, and follow Me.”


Luke 18:22
So when Jesus heard these things, He said to him, “You still lack one thing. Sell all that you have and distribute to the poor, and you will have treasure in heaven; and come, follow Me.”

 

Paul

Jesus

1 Thessalonians 5:13
and to esteem them very highly in love for their work’s sake. Be at peace among yourselves.

Matthew 5:13
“You are the salt of the earth; but if the salt loses its flavor, how shall it be seasoned? It is then good for nothing but to be thrown out and trampled underfoot by men.


Mark 9:50
Salt is good, but if the salt loses its flavor, how will you season it? Have salt in yourselves, and have peace with one another.”

 

Paul

Jesus

1 Corinthians 4:5
Therefore judge nothing before the time, until the Lord comes, who will both bring to light the hidden things of darkness and reveal the counsels of the hearts. Then each one’s praise will come from God.


Romans 2:16
in the day when God will judge the secrets of men by Jesus Christ, according to my gospel.


1 Corinthians 14:25
25And thus [NU-Text omits And thus] the secrets of his heart are revealed; and so, falling down on his face, he will worship God and report that God is truly among you.

Mark 4:22
For there is nothing hidden which will not be revealed, nor has anything been kept secret but that it should come to light.

 

Paul

Jesus

Romans 8:15
For you did not receive the spirit of bondage again to fear, but you received the Spirit of adoption by whom we cry out, “Abba, Father.”

 
Galatians 4:6
And because you are sons, God has sent forth the Spirit of His Son into your hearts, crying out, “Abba, Father!”

Mark 14:36
And He said, “Abba, Father, all things are possible for You. Take this cup away from Me; nevertheless, not what I will, but what You will.”


Luke 22:42
saying, “Father, if it is Your will, take this cup away from Me; nevertheless not My will, but Yours, be done.”

 

Paul

Jesus

1 Corinthians 2:7
But we speak the wisdom of God in a mystery, the hidden wisdom which God ordained before the ages for our glory,

 

1 Corinthians 1:19
For it is written: “I will destroy the wisdom of the wise, And bring to nothing the understanding of the prudent.”[Isaiah 29:14]

 

1 Corinthians 2:10

10But God has revealed them to us through His Spirit. For the Spirit searches all things, yes, the deep things of God.

1 Corinthians 3:1
And I, brethren, could not speak to you as to spiritual people but as to carnal, as to babes in Christ.

1 Corinthians 1:21
For since, in the wisdom of God, the world through wisdom did not know God, it pleased God through the foolishness of the message preached to save those who believe.

Luke 10:21, 22
21 In that hour Jesus rejoiced in the Spirit and said, “I thank You, Father, Lord of heaven and earth, that You have hidden these things from the wise and prudent and revealed them to babes. Even so, Father, for so it seemed good in Your sight. 22All [M-Text reads And turning to the disciples He said, “All ... ] things have been delivered to Me by My Father, and no one knows who the Son is except the Father, and who the Father is except the Son, and the one to whom the Son wills to reveal Him.”


Matthew 11:25-27
25 At that time Jesus answered and said, “I thank You, Father, Lord of heaven and earth, that You have hidden these things from the wise and prudent and have revealed them to babes. 26Even so, Father, for so it seemed good in Your sight. 27All things have been delivered to Me by My Father, and no one knows the Son except the Father. Nor does anyone know the Father except the Son, and the one to whom the Son wills to reveal Him.

 

Paul acknowledges the Lord’s supper

 

1 Corinthians 11:23-26
23 For I received from the Lord that which I also delivered to you: that the Lord Jesus on the same night in which He was betrayed took bread; 24and when He had given thanks, He broke it and said, “Take, eat; [NU-Text omits Take, eat] this is My body which is broken [NU-Text omits broken] for you; do this in remembrance of Me.” 25In the same manner He also took the cup after supper, saying, “This cup is the new covenant in My blood. This do, as often as you drink it, in remembrance of Me.
26For as often as you eat this bread and drink this cup, you proclaim the Lord’s death till He comes.

 

Mark 14:22-23
22 And as they were eating, Jesus took bread, blessed and broke it, and gave it to them and said, “Take, eat; [NU-Text omits eat] this is My body.”
23Then He took the cup, and when He had given thanks He gave it to them, and they all drank from it.

Matthew 26:26-29
26 And as they were eating, Jesus took bread, blessed [M-Text reads gave thanks for] and broke it, and gave it to the disciples and said, “Take, eat; this is My body.”
27Then He took the cup, and gave thanks, and gave it to them, saying, “Drink from it, all of you. 28For this is My blood of the new [NU-Text omits new]  covenant, which is shed for many for the remission of sins. 29But I say to you, I will not drink of this fruit of the vine from now on until that day when I drink it new with you in My Father’s kingdom.”

Luke 22:14-23
14 When the hour had come, He sat down, and the twelve [NU-Text omits twelve] apostles with Him. 15Then He said to them, “With fervent desire I have desired to eat this Passover with you before I suffer; 16for I say to you, I will no longer eat of it until it is fulfilled in the kingdom of God.”
17Then He took the cup, and gave thanks, and said, “Take this and divide it among yourselves; 18for I say to you, [NU-Text adds from now on] I will not drink of the fruit of the vine until the kingdom of God comes.”
19And He took bread, gave thanks and broke it, and gave it to them, saying, “This is My body which is given for you; do this in remembrance of Me.”
20Likewise He also took the cup after supper, saying, “This cup is the new covenant in My blood, which is shed for you. 21But behold, the hand of My betrayer is with Me on the table. 22And truly the Son of Man goes as it has been determined, but woe to that man by whom He is betrayed!”
23Then they began to question among themselves, which of them it was who would do this thing.

 

 

Paul

Jesus

1 Corinthians 9:14
Even so the Lord has commanded that those who preach the gospel should live from the gospel.

1 Timothy 5:18
18For the Scripture says, “You shall not muzzle an ox while it treads out the grain,” [Deuteronomy 25:4] and, “The laborer is worthy of his wages.” [Luke 10:7]

Luke 10:7
And remain in the same house, eating and drinking such things as they give, for the laborer is worthy of his wages. Do not go from house to house.

 

Paul

Jesus

1 Corinthians 9
1 Am I not an apostle? Am I not free? Have I not seen Jesus Christ our Lord? Are you not my work in the Lord? 2If I am not an apostle to others, yet doubtless I am to you. For you are the seal of my apostleship in the Lord.
3My defense to those who examine me is this: 4Do we have no right to eat and drink? 5Do we have no right to take along a believing wife, as do also the other apostles, the brothers of the Lord, and Cephas?

 

Matthew 10
2Now the names of the twelve apostles are these: first, Simon, who is called Peter, and Andrew his brother; James the son of Zebedee, and John his brother; 3Philip and Bartholomew; Thomas and Matthew the tax collector; James the son of Alphaeus, and Lebbaeus, whose surname was [NU-Text omits Lebbaeus, whose surname was] Thaddaeus; 4Simon the Cananite, [NU-Text reads Cananaean] and Judas Iscariot, who also betrayed Him.
5 These twelve Jesus sent out and commanded them, saying: “Do not go into the way of the Gentiles, and do not enter a city of the Samaritans.

Mark 6
7 And He called the twelve to Himself, and began to send them out two by two, and gave them power over unclean spirits. 8He commanded them to take nothing for the journey except a staff--no bag, no bread, no copper in their money belts-- 9but to wear sandals, and not to put on two tunics.
10Also He said to them, “In whatever place you enter a house, stay there till you depart from that place. 11And whoever [NU-Text reads whatever place] will not receive you nor hear you, when you depart from there, shake off the dust under your feet as a testimony against them. [NU-Text omits the rest of this verse] Assuredly, I say to you, it will be more tolerable for Sodom and Gomorrah in the day of judgment than for that city!”
12So they went out and preached that people should repent. 13And they cast out many demons, and anointed with oil many who were sick, and healed them.

Luke 9:1-6
1 Then He called His twelve disciples together and gave them power and authority over all demons, and to cure diseases. 2He sent them to preach the kingdom of God and to heal the sick. 3And He said to them, “Take nothing for the journey, neither staffs nor bag nor bread nor money; and do not have two tunics apiece.
4”Whatever house you enter, stay there, and from there depart. 5And whoever will not receive you, when you go out of that city, shake off the very dust from your feet as a testimony against them.”
6So they departed and went through the towns, preaching the gospel and healing everywhere.

 

Paul

Jesus

1 Corinthians 9:14-18

14Even so the Lord has commanded that those who preach the gospel should live from the gospel.
15But I have used none of these things, nor have I written these things that it should be done so to me; for it would be better for me to die than that anyone should make my boasting void. 16For if I preach the gospel, I have nothing to boast of, for necessity is laid upon me; yes, woe is me if I do not preach the gospel! 17For if I do this willingly, I have a reward; but if against my will, I have been entrusted with a stewardship. 18What is my reward then? That when I preach the gospel, I may present the gospel of Christ [NU-Text omits of Christ. ] without charge, that I may not abuse my authority in the gospel.

Matthew 10:1
And when He had called His twelve disciples to Him, He gave them power over unclean spirits, to cast them out, and to heal all kinds of sickness and all kinds of disease.

Mark 3:13-19
13 And He went up on the mountain and called to Him those He Himself wanted. And they came to Him. 14Then He appointed twelve, [NU-Text adds whom He also named apostles] that they might be with Him and that He might send them out to preach, 15and to have power to heal sicknesses and [NU-Text omits to heal sicknesses and] to cast out demons: 16Simon, [NU-Text reads and He appointed the twelve: Simon ... ] to whom He gave the name Peter; 17James the son of Zebedee and John the brother of James, to whom He gave the name Boanerges, that is, “Sons of Thunder”; 18Andrew, Philip, Bartholomew, Matthew, Thomas, James the son of Alphaeus, Thaddaeus, Simon the Cananite; 19and Judas Iscariot, who also betrayed Him. And they went into a house.

Mark 6:7
And He called the twelve to Himself, and began to send them out two by two, and gave them power over unclean spirits.

Luke 6:12-16
12 Now it came to pass in those days that He went out to the mountain to pray, and continued all night in prayer to God. 13And when it was day, He called His disciples to Himself; and from them He chose twelve whom He also named apostles: 14Simon, whom He also named Peter, and Andrew his brother; James and John; Philip and Bartholomew; 15Matthew and Thomas; James the son of Alphaeus, and Simon called the Zealot; 16Judas the son of James, and Judas Iscariot who also became a traitor.

Luke 9
1 Then He called His twelve disciples together and gave them power and authority over all demons, and to cure diseases.

 

 

Paul

Jesus

1 Corinthians 9:14-16
14Even so the Lord has commanded that those who preach the gospel should live from the gospel.
15But I have used none of these things, nor have I written these things that it should be done so to me; for it would be better for me to die than that anyone should make my boasting void. 16For if I preach the gospel, I have nothing to boast of, for necessity is laid upon me; yes, woe is me if I do not preach the gospel!

1 Corinthians 10:27
If any of those who do not believe invites you to dinner, and you desire to go, eat whatever is set before you, asking no question for consciencesake.

Matthew 10:7
And as you go, preach, saying, “The kingdom of heaven is at hand.’

Matthew 10:9-10
9Provide neither gold nor silver nor copper in your money belts, 10nor bag for your journey, nor two tunics, nor sandals, nor staffs; for a worker is worthy of his food.

Luke 9:2
He sent them to preach the kingdom of God and to heal the sick.

 

Luke 10:4-9

4Carry neither money bag, knapsack, nor sandals; and greet no one along the road. 5But whatever house you enter, first say, “Peace to this house.’ 6And if a son of peace is there, your peace will rest on it; if not, it will return to you. 7And remain in the same house, eating and drinking such things as they give, for the laborer is worthy of his wages. Do not go from house to house. 8Whatever city you enter, and they receive you, eat such things as are set before you. 9And heal the sick there, and say to them, “The kingdom of God has come near to you.’

 

 

Paul

Jesus

2 Corinthians 12:12
Truly the signs of an apostle were accomplished among you with all perseverance, in signs and wonders and mighty deeds.

Matthew 10:1
And when He had called His twelve disciples to Him, He gave them power over unclean spirits, to cast them out, and to heal all kinds of sickness and all kinds of disease.

Mark 6:7
And He called the twelve to Himself, and began to send them out two by two, and gave them power over unclean spirits.

Luke 9:1-6
1 Then He called His twelve disciples together and gave them power and authority over all demons, and to cure diseases. 2He sent them to preach the kingdom of God and to heal the sick. 3And He said to them, “Take nothing for the journey, neither staffs nor bag nor bread nor money; and do not have two tunics apiece.
4”Whatever house you enter, stay there, and from there depart. 5And whoever will not receive you, when you go out of that city, shake off the very dust from your feet as a testimony against them.”
6So they departed and went through the towns, preaching the gospel and healing everywhere.

Luke 10:9
And heal the sick there, and say to them, “The kingdom of God has come near to you.’

Luke 10:10-12
10But whatever city you enter, and they do not receive you, go out into its streets and say, 11”The very dust of your city which clings to us [NU-Text reads our feet] we wipe off against you. Nevertheless know this, that the kingdom of God has come near you.’ 12But [NU-Text and M-Text omit But] I say to you that it will be more tolerable in that Day for Sodom than for that city.

 

 

Paul

Jesus

Galatians 2:8-10
8(for He who worked effectively in Peter for the apostleship to the circumcised also worked effectively in me toward the Gentiles), 9and when James, Cephas, and John, who seemed to be pillars, perceived the grace that had been given to me, they gave me and Barnabas the right hand of fellowship, that we should go to the Gentiles and they to the circumcised. 10They desired only that we should remember the poor, the very thing which I also was eager to do.

Matthew 10:5
These twelve Jesus sent out and commanded them, saying: “Do not go into the way of the Gentiles, and do not enter a city of the Samaritans.

 

Paul

Jesus

2 Corinthians 11:7
Did I commit sin in humbling myself that you might be exalted, because I preached the gospel of God to you free of charge?

1 Corinthians 9:18
What is my reward then? That when I preach the gospel, I may present the gospel of Christ [NU-Text omits of Christ] without charge, that I may not abuse my authority in the gospel.

Matthew 10:8
8Heal the sick, cleanse the lepers, raise the dead, [NU-Text reads raise the dead, cleanse the lepers; M-Text omits raise the dead].  cast out demons. Freely you have received, freely give.

 

 

Paul

Jesus

Romans 16:19
For your obedience has become known to all. Therefore I am glad on your behalf; but I want you to be wise in what is good, and simple concerning evil.

Matthew 10:16
“Behold, I send you out as sheep in the midst of wolves. Therefore be wise as serpents and harmless as doves.

 

Paul

Jesus

1 Thessalonians 4:8
8Therefore he who rejects this does not reject man, but God, who has also given [NU-Text reads who also gives] us His Holy Spirit.

Luke 10:16
16He who hears you hears Me, he who rejects you rejects Me, and he who rejects Me rejects Him who sent Me.”

 

Paul

Jesus

Galatians 1
15But when it pleased God, who separated me from my mother’s womb and called me through His grace, 16to reveal His Son in me, that I might preach Him among the Gentiles, I did not immediately confer with flesh and blood,

Matthew 16:16-20
16Simon Peter answered and said, “You are the Christ, the Son of the living God.”
17Jesus answered and said to him, “Blessed are you, Simon Bar-Jonah, for flesh and blood has not revealed this to you, but My Father who is in heaven. 18And I also say to you that you are Peter, and on this rock I will build My church, and the gates of Hades shall not prevail against it. 19And I will give you the keys of the kingdom of heaven, and whatever you bind on earth will be bound in heaven, and whatever you loose on earth will be loosed [Or will have been bound ... will have been loosed] in heaven.”
20Then He commanded His disciples that they should tell no one that He was Jesus the Christ.

 

Paul

Jesus

1 Corinthians 7:10-11
10 Now to the married I command, yet not I but the Lord: A wife is not to depart from her husband. 11But even if she does depart, let her remain unmarried or be reconciled to her husband. And a husband is not to divorce his wife.

Mark 10:9-12
9Therefore what God has joined together, let not man separate.”
10In the house His disciples also asked Him again about the same matter. 11So He said to them, “Whoever divorces his wife and marries another commits adultery against her. 12And if a woman divorces her husband and marries another, she commits adultery.”

 

Paul

Jesus

Romans 13:7
7Render therefore to all their due: taxes to whom taxes are due, customs to whom customs, fear to whom fear, honor to whom honor.

Matthew 22:21
21They said to Him, “Caesar’s.”
And He said to them, “Render therefore to Caesar the things that are Caesar’s, and to God the things that are God’s.”

Luke 20:25
And He said to them, “Render therefore to Caesar the things that are Caesar’s, and to God the things that are God’s.”

 

Paul

Jesus

Romans 15:7
Therefore receive one another, just as Christ also received us, [NU-Text and M-Text read you] to the glory of God.

 

Matthew 20:26-28
26Yet it shall not be so among you; but whoever desires to become great among you, let him be your servant. 27And whoever desires to be first among you, let him be your slave-- 28just as the Son of Man did not come to be served, but to serve, and to give His life a ransom for many.”

 

Paul

Jesus

1 Corinthians 9:19
For though I am free from all men, I have made myself a servant to all, that I might win the more;

1 Corinthians 10:33
just as I also please all men in all things, not seeking my own profit, but the profit of many, that they may be saved.

Mark 10:44
And whoever of you desires to be first shall be slave of all.

 

Paul

Jesus

2 Corinthians 1:17-18
17Therefore, when I was planning this, did I do it lightly? Or the things I plan, do I plan according to the flesh, that with me there should be Yes, Yes, and No, No? 18But as God is faithful, our word to you was not Yes and No.

Matthew 5:33-37
33 “Again you have heard that it was said to those of old, “You shall not swear falsely, but shall perform your oaths to the Lord.’ 34But I say to you, do not swear at all: neither by heaven, for it is God’s throne; 35nor by the earth, for it is His footstool; nor by Jerusalem, for it is the city of the great King. 36Nor shall you swear by your head, because you cannot make one hair white or black. 37But let your “Yes’ be “Yes,’ and your “No,’ “No.’ For whatever is more than these is from the evil one.

     

Paul

Jesus

Acts 2:34-35
34”For David did not ascend into the heavens, but he says himself:
        “The LORD said to my Lord,
        “Sit at My right hand,
        35Till I make Your enemies Your footstool.”

Matthew 22
44”The LORD said to my Lord,
        “Sit at My right hand,
        Till I make Your enemies Your footstool”?

Mark 12
36For David himself said by the Holy Spirit:
        “The LORD said to my Lord,
        “Sit at My right hand,
        Till I make Your enemies Your footstool.”

Psalm 110
1 The LORD said to my Lord,
        “Sit at My right hand,
        Till I make Your enemies Your footstool.”

On Marriage

Paul

Jesus

1 Corinthians 6:16
Or do you not know that he who is joined to a harlot is one body with her? For “the two,” He says, “shall become one flesh.” [Genesis 2:24]

Ephesians 5:31
“For this reason a man shall leave his father and mother and be joined to his wife, and the two shall become one flesh.” [Genesis 2:24]

 

Genesis 2:24
Therefore a man shall leave his father and mother and be joined to his wife, and they shall become one flesh.

Matthew 19:5
and said, “For this reason a man shall leave his father and mother and be joined to his wife, and the two shall become one flesh’? [Genesis
2:24]

Mark 10:8
and the two shall become one flesh’; [Genesis
2:24] so then they are no longer two, but one flesh.

 

 

Paul

Jesus

2 Corinthians 13:1
This will be the third time I am coming to you. “By the mouth of two or three witnesses every word shall be established.” [Deuteronomy 19:15]

Deuteronomy 19:15
“One witness shall not rise against a man concerning any iniquity or any sin that he commits; by the mouth of two or three witnesses the matter shall be established.

Matthew 18:16
But if he will not hear, take with you one or two more, that “by the mouth of two or three witnesses every word may be established.’ [Deuteronomy 19:15]

 

 

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