Scientists of the Christian Faith -- Alphabetical Index (J)


Gaines Bradford Jackson

(Born September 1, 1943 in Minden, Louisiana, United States).  Theistic evolutionist.  Engineering science educator, biologist.  Inventor of water utility converter (nationally distributed by the National Environmental Training Association) and water wheel.  Engineering Technology Instructor in General Physical Science and Mathematics, Rose State College, Midwest City, Oklahoma, 1977-present; Research biologist II, Oklahoma State Department of Health Water Quality Service, Oklahoma City, 1973-77; President Total Environmental Svcs. and Testing, University of Texas School Public Health, Oklahoma City, 1972-73; Research statis. aide, Environmental Health Institute, Houston, 1970-72; environmental chemist, Texas State Department of Health, Houston, 1968-70.  Education: BS, West Texas State University, 1965; MS, University of Texas, 1972; DrPH, Columbia Pacific University, 1983.

Member: Water Pollution Control Federation, Oklahoma Water Pollution Association, Pollution Control Association Oklahoma (Outstanding Sec. Education and Public Relations award 1988), American Chemical Society, Oklahoma Association Community and Jr. Colleges.

Author: Easy to Make Laboratory Benchsheets for the Water Utility Technician Using Your Office Copier, 1989, Water Chemistry Manual for Water & Spentwater Personnel, 1992, 93, Van Nostrand Reinhold Publishing Company of New York, (over 900,000 copies of this text have been sold around the globe), Compendium of Technical and Non-Technical Terms for the Water Utility Field, 1994; Contributor of articles to professional journals.

Marquis Who's Who, 2004.

Gaines B. Jackson, B.S., M.S., Dr.PH.  Professor, Engineering Science & Science Curriculum Developer,


David E. Jahn *** Not in Gale

Meteorologist.  Assistant Director, Center for Analysis and Prediction of Storms, University of Oklahoma.  Research Interest:  Numerical Prediction of High-Impact, Localized Weather.

Faculty webpage,

Kelvin K. Droegemeier and David Jahn.  Center for Analysis and Prediction of Storms, University of Oklahoma.  "Research Efforts in the US and Collaborations with Asia toward Storm-Scale Numerical Weather Prediction,"


Virginia Wray Jamison

(Born 1924).  Environmental microbiologist.  Technician, Sun Oil Co., Marcus Hook, Pennsylvania, 1944-63, Assistant scientist, 1964-69, Associate scientist, 1969-75, scientist Sun Tech, Inc. subs., 1975-81, Senior research scientist, 1981-83; founder, Environmental Biological Services, Inc., 1983.  Education: Student Juniata College, 1942-44; B.S., University Pennsylvania, 1969.

Honors: Recipient Charles Porter Award, Society Industrial Microbiology, 1975.

Member: American Chemical Society, ASTM, American Society Microbiology, Society Industrial Microbiology. Baptist.

Contributor of articles to professional journals; patentee in field.

Marquis Who's Who, 2004.


Pierre Jules César Janssen

(1824-1907). French astronomer. Traveled widely to study solar eclipses, terrestrial magnetism, etc.; director of Meudon Observatory (1876 ff.); demonstrated that "telluric rays" in solar spectrum arise from water vapor in Earth's atmosphere (1862-64); devised means of observing solar prominences in absence of an eclipse (1868); established observatory on Mont Blanc (1893) and demonstratedthat oxygen lines in solar spectrum are of terrestrial origin; a pioneer in celestial photography, compiled Atlas de photographies solaries (1904).


Charlene Drew Jarvis

(Born 1941).  Scientist.  Neuropsychologist.  University administrator.

Biography, Drew Jarvis was born in Washington, D.C., on July 31, 1941. The second of four children, her mother was an economist and her father, Dr. Charles Drew, was the noted blood bank pioneer. After graduating from Roosevelt High School in 1958, Jarvis earned her B.A. from Oberlin College in 1962. She went on to Howard University to earn her M.S. in 1964, and in 1971 she earned her Ph.D. in neuropsychology from the University of Maryland.
Jarvis began her career in 1965 as an instructor in psychology at Howard University, then as a pre-doctoral Fellow at the National Institute of Mental Health. Earning her Ph.D., she remained there as a research scientist until 1978. The following year, Jarvis was elected to the City Council of the District of Columbia, where she served for twenty-one years. While there, she chaired the Committee on Economic Development during a citywide financial crisis. She introduced legislation that brought in the new Convention Center and the MCI Center, current home of the Washington Wizards and Washington Capitals. In 1996, Jarvis was named president of Southeastern University in Washington, D.C., the first woman to hold the position. She gave up her seat on the City Council in 2000 to devote her energies solely to the university. Under her leadership, Southeastern has strengthened its curriculum and partnered with a number of local organizations, such as the Greater Washington Society of Certified Public Accountants, to support professional development of the students.
Honors: Recipient of the 2002 Brotherhood-Sisterhood Award from the National Conference of Community and Justice. Amherst College, honorary doctorate; over 100 other awards.

Member: Executive Committee of the Federal City Council, past chairperson of the District of Columbia Chamber of Commerce, active with the National Association of Independent Colleges and Universities.  Jarvis has also been listed in numerous editions of Who's Who, including Who's Who in the World and Who's Who Among African Americans.

"NIH TAPS DR. CHARLENE DREW JARVIS FOR FOUNDATION BOARD: Southeastern University President Returns to Roots of Her Research on the Brain," WASHINGTON - The Foundation for the National Institutes of Health, Inc., has appointed Dr. Charlene Drew Jarvis, President of Southeastern University, to its board to serve a five-year term beginning in 2002.

President Charlene Drew Jarvis's Bio


George T. Javor *** Not in Gale

Biochemist.  Professor of Biochemistry, School of Medicine, Loma Linda University, California.  Ph.D. in biochemistry from Columbia University, New York, U.S.A.; Post-doctoral studies at Rockefeller University; B.S. in chemistry from Brown University.

Author of over 40 technical papers and abstracts; 


Current research includes continuing work on the ubiX gene, and thiol sensitive mutants in in E. coli.


"… the Universe and our world are God's creation, as described in the Bible. This is stated at the outset, because today's academia is largely in the evolutionist camp. As a scientist, I frequently find myself taking a polemic stance in defense of creationism. In doing this, I easily lose sight of nature as a revealer of its Creator. It is a pleasant change to contemplate my field of scientific interest, looking for insights about the Creator."

Qualifications and experience.

Testimony in In Six Days: Why Fifty Scientists Choose to Believe in Creation, edited by John F. Ashton, Ph.D.  Master Books, Inc., Green Forest, AR, 2001.  ISBN 0-89051-341-4.


Richard A. Jaynes / Richard Andrus Jaynes

(Born 1935).  Geneticist, horticulturalist.  Established Broken Arrow Nursery, 1984.  Assistant geneticist, 1961-65, associate geneticist, 1965-75, geneticist, Connecticut Agricultural Experiment Station, New Haven 1975-1984.  Education: Wesleyan University, Middletown, CT, B.A., 1957; Yale University, M.S., 1959, Ph.D., 1961.

Member: International Plant Propagators Society, American Association for the Advancement of Science, American Horticulture Society, American Rhododendron Society, American Rock Garden Society, American Society of Horticultural Science, Northern Nut Growers Association.

Honors: James R. Jewett Award from Arnold Arboretum, 1972; bronze medal from local chapter of American Rhododendron Society, 1974; Evelyn Moody certificate for creative horticultural achievement from National Council of State Garden Clubs, 1974; scientific citation from American Horticulture Society, 1976; Jackson Dawson Award from Massachusetts Horticulture Society, 1976. American Rhododendron Society Gold Medal

Author: (Editor) Handbook of North American Nut Trees, Northern Nut Growers Association, 1969.

The Laurel Book, Hafner, 1975; (Editor) Nut Tree Culture in North America, Northern Nut Growers Association (Hamden, CT), 1979; Kalmia: The Laurel Book II, Timber Press (Portland, OR), 1988. Kalmia: Mountain Laurel and Related Species, Timber Press (Portland, OR), 1997.

Contributor of more than eighty-five articles to scientific and popular journals. Editor for Northern Nut Growers Association, 1963-present.

Contemporary Authors Online, Gale, 2004


Sir James Jeans

Sir James Jeans (1877-1946), British astronomer, physicist and popularizer of science, perhaps best known for the Rayleigh-Jeans law of black body radiation and his book The Mysterious Universe.

London Times obituary,


Malcolm Alexander Jeeves, CBE

(Born 1926).  Neuropsychologist.  Malcolm Jeeves is a Foundation Professor of Psychology at St. Andrews University and a past president of the Royal Society of Edinburgh, Scotland's National Academy of Science and Letters. He established the Department of Psychology at St. Andrews University and his research interests centre around cognitive psychology and neuropsychology.  He researches on the link between brain and behaviour: in particular, the nature of interactions between the cerebral hemispheres and the functions of the forebrain commissures in agenesis and in brain damaged patients. In addition to more than 100 scientific papers in journals of psychology, neurology and neuroscience, he has written extensively about issues involving the interface of science and Christian faith. He was made Commander of the Order of the British Empire in 1992 for his services to science and to psychology in Britain.

He has won the Kenneth Craik Award for research in experimental psychology; the Abbie Medal (for anatomy); and the Cairns Medal of the Society of Neurologists and Neurosurgeons of South Australia. His recent books include Mind Fields: Reflections on the Science of Mind and Brain (1994), Human Nature at the Millennium (1997), and Science, Life and Christian Belief.

Home page:

"Neuropsychologist Malcolm Jeeves to Lecture at Whitworth,"

CiS-St Edmunds Lecture series - PYSCHOLOGY & CHRISTIANITY - Malcolm Jeeves

CiS-St Edmunds Lecture series - PYSCHOLOGY & CHRISTIANITY - Malcolm Jeeves ,

Testimony in God and the Scientists, edited by Mike Poole.  CPO, Worthing, 1997.  ISBN 1-901796-02-7.


David Lyle Jeffrey

(Born 1941).  Scholar. Provost and Distinguished Professor of Literature and Humanities, Baylor Univeristy.  David Lyle Jeffrey has worked and taught at Baylor since 2000. He became Provost on June 01, 2003. He was elected Fellow of the Royal Society of Canada in 1996. Named Inaugural Professor of the Year at the University of Ottawa in 1995, he has also been Guest Professor at Peking University (Beijing) since 1996. He served as Department Chair of English both at the University of Victoria (1978 - 1981) and the University of Ottawa (1978), and has taught also at the Universities of Rochester, Hull (UK) and Regent College. He holds a B.A. degree from Wheaton College (1965) and an M.A. (1967) and  Ph.D. from Princeton (1968).

Member: Modern Language Association of America, Early English Text Society, Medieval Academy of America, Conference on Christianity and Literature, American Academy of Religion, Anglo-Norman Text Society, Association of Canadian University Teachers of English, Canadian Society of Biblical Studies, Institute for Advanced Christian Studies, Lambda Iota Tau.

Author: A Burning and a Shining Light: English Spirituality in the Age of Wesley, Eerdmans (Grand Rapids, MI), 1987, published as English Spirituality in the Age of Wesley, 1994; The Law of Love: English Spirituality in the Age of Wyclif, Eerdmans, 1987; (Co-author and editor with Brian Levy) The Anglo-Norman Lyric, Pontifical Institute of Medieval Studies, 1988; (Editor and co-author) A Dictionary of Biblical Tradition in English Literature, Eerdmans, 1992; People of the Book: Christian Identity and Literary Culture, Eerdmans, 1995; Houses of the Interpreter: Reading Scripture, Reading Culture, 2003. Jeffrey is General Editor and co-author of A Dictionary of Biblical Tradition in English Literature (1992).

In 2003, he received a Lifetime Achievement Award from the Conference on Christianity and Literature/Modern Language Association. David Jeffrey's current research interests involve the relationship of biblical humanities to literary and artistic expression.

Baylor University, Office of the Provost. and

David Lyle Jeffrey, Distinguished Professor of Literature and Humanities and Provost, Baylor University.  "Christianity and the Soul of the University,"

Vicki Marsh Kabat.  "Q&A with Dr. David Lyle Jeffrey,"

Testimony in Professors Who Believe: The Spiritual Journeys of Christian Faculty, edited by Paul M. Anderson.  InterVarsity Press, Downers Grove, IL, 1998. ISBN 0-8308-1599-6.


Edward Jenner

The English physician Edward Jenner (1749-1823) introduced vaccination against smallpox and thus laid the foundation of modern concepts of immunology.  Apprenticed to surgeon near Bristol; pupil of John Hunter in London (1770-72); began practice in Berkeley (1773). Observed that dairymaids who had had cowpox did not get smallpox; vaccinated James Phipps, a boy of eight, with matter from cowpox vesicles on hands of a milkmaid (1796); several weeks later the boy was inoculated with smallpox but did not contract the disease; published Inquiry into the Cause and Effects of the Variolae Vaccinae in which he announced his discovery of vaccination (1798).  He called his method vaccination, using the Latin word vacca, meaning cow, and vaccinia, meaning cowpox. He also introduced the word virus.

The Jenner Museum website:

The Edward Jenner Institute for Vaccine Research:

Biography in Doctors Who Followed Christ: Thirty-Two Biographies of Eminent Physicians and Their Christian Faith, by Dan Graves.  Kregel Resources, Grand Rapids, MI, 1999.  ISBN 0-8254-2734-7.


Tammy Jernigan / Tamara E. "Tammy" Jernigan, Ph.D.

(Born 1959). American astronaut.  She currently serves as Chief of the Astronaut Office Mission Development Branch for NASA.  Her previous flights were the First Spacelab Life Sciences and the First United States Microgravity Payload missions. A veteran of five space flights, Dr. Jernigan has logged over 1,512 hours in space, including an EVA totaling 7 hours and 55 minutes. She was a mission specialist on STS-40 (June 5-14, 1991) and STS-52 (October 22-November 1, 1992), was the payload commander on STS-67 (March 2-18, 1995), and again served as a mission specialist on STS-80 (November 19 to December 7, 1996) and STS-96 (May 27 to June 6, 1999). She earned a B.S. (with honors) in physics from Stanford in 1981, an M.S. in engineering science from Stanford in 1983, an M.S. in astronomy from the University of California-Berkeley in 1985, and her Ph.D. in space physics and astronomy from Rice University in 1988. Dr. Jernigan served as a research scientist in the NASA Ames Research Center Theoretical Studies Branch from 1981 to 1985. Her astronomy research includes the study of bipolar outflows in regions of star formation, gamma-ray bursters, and shockwave phenomena in the interstellar medium. She completed astronaut training in 1986.

Member of the American Astronomical Association, the American Physical Society, the United States Volleyball Association, and a Lifetime Member of Girl Scouts.

Honors: Distinguished Service Medal (2000, 1997); Lowell Thomas Award, Explorer's Club (2000); Group Achievement Award - EVA Development Test Team (1997); Fédération Aéronautique Internationale Vladimir Komorov Diploma (1997, 1996); Outstanding Leadership Medal (1996); Outstanding Performance Award (1993); Exceptional Service Medal (1993); Laurels Award, Aviation Week (1991); NASA Space Flight Medal (2000, 1996, 1995, 1992, 1991).

Married to Peter J.K. "Jeff" Wisoff.

"Tamara E. 'Tammy' Jernigan (Ph.D.) NASA Astronaut,"

Payload Commander Tamara E. Jernigan is shown here practicing the operation of the Remote Manipulator Arm system for STS-67.


Antonio Alcides Jimenez

(Born 1934). Animal nutrition consultant.  Certified animal scientist. Animal husbandman, Panamanian Government, Panama City, 1957-59; research supervisor Supersweed Feed, Minneapolis, 1962-1963; Director technical  services Professional Feeds, Kansas City, Missouri, 1963-1965; Director nutrition Leslie Salt Co., San Francisco 1965-1967; private consultant AnCon, Modesto, California, 1967.  Education: B.S., University of Arkansas, 1956. M.S., 1957; Ph.D., Purdue University, 1962.

Column writer Feedstuffs Magazine, 1977.

Marquis Who's Who, 2004.


Louis Joblot *** Not in Gale

(1645-1723).  French mathematician, microscopist, embryologist, instrument-maker, specialist in magnetism.

The Galileo Project,

The publication of Descriptions et usages de plusieurs mouveaux microscopes (Paris, 1718) established Joblot as the first French microscopist. The first half of the treatise was devoted to the instrument itself; he developed new forms of it. The second half dealt with microscopic life (protozoa), and briefly he took up the generation of infusoria, opposing the theory of spontaneous generation.

He formulated his own theory on magnetism, and in 1701 constructed the first artificial magnet.

He wrote on the construction and use of microscopes, advancing the art. He also made microscopes with the aid of an instrument maker.

His function at the Académie of painting was to instruct young painters in perspective.

H Lechevalier.  "Louis Joblot and his microscopes," Bacteriology Review, 1976 March; 40 (1): 241-258 or


Conrad E. Johanson *** Not in Gale
Neuroscientist.  Physiologist.  Pharmacologist.  Professor of Clinical Neurosciences and Physiology; Director of Neurosurgery Research, Brown University Medical School , Rhode Island.  Ph.D., University of Kansas Medical School, 1970.

Director, Cerebrospinal Fluid Laboratories. Research Area: Cerebrospinal fluid and blood-brain barrier. "The choroid plexus secretes ions, hormones and proteins into the ventricular CSF to provide the brain with an extracellular fluid of stable and specialized composition. Throughout perinatal development, the CSF composition is altered as the chemical needs of the neurons and glia undergo change. We use microphysiological techniques to assess modifications in transport phenomena in the blood-CSF barrier in developing rats. Radioisotopic tracers and pharmacological agents are utilized as tools to elucidate specific ion transport phenomena (antiporters and symporters). Polypeptide modulation and autonomic regulation of CSF secretion are also being analyzed. A better understanding of the transport and permeability characteristics of transport interfaces in the CNS will lead to more effective clinical treatment of disorders like hydrocephalus and cerebral edema. with factors as neuroprotective agents; choroid plexus transport physiology.

Faculty webpage, The Department of Clinical Neurosciences,

Home page,

Faculty close-up,

Conrad Johanson: "[Scientists] rarely deal directly with macroevolutionary theory, be it biological or physical.  For example, in my 25 years of neuroscience teaching and research I have only VERY rarely had to deal with natural selection, origins, macroevolution, etc.  My professional work in science stems from rigorous training in biology, chemistry, physics, and math, not from world views about evolution.  I suspect that such is the case for most scientists in academia, industry, and elsewhere."  Personal communication to the author, Jerry Bergman, dated September 2, 2003, published online at


Margaret Bourns Johnson

(Born February 10, 1938 in Pontiac, Michigan, United States).  Biologist. Certified secondary Teacher, Michigan. Retired, 1997; researcher, Oakland University, Rochester, Michigan, 1984-97; Teacher, chairperson, Oakland Christian School, Auburn Hills, Michigan, 1977-81.  Education: BA, Oakland University, 1976; MS, Oakland University, 1984.

Member: Michigan Electron Microscopy Forum, Association for Women in Science, Women of Oakland, Sigma Xi, Sigma Delta Epsilon.

Contributor of articles to professional journals.
Marquis Who's Who, 2004.


Charles Spurgeon Johnson

African American educator, administrator and sociologist Charles Spurgeon Johnson (1893-1956) gave outstanding leadership to Fisk University and conducted important research on human relations and the problems of blacks in America. Research director, New York City Urban League (1922-28); professor (1928-47), first black president (1946-56), Fisk University.

Director of Department of Research and Investigations for Chicago Urban League, 1917-19; associate executive secretary for Chicago Commission on Race Relations, 1919-21; National Urban League, New York, NY, director of Department of Research and Investigations, 1921-28; Fisk University, Nashville, TN, professor of sociology and chair of department of social sciences, beginning in 1928, president of the university, 1946-56. Delegate to United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) conferences in Paris in 1946 and in Mexico City in 1947. Delegate to World Council of Churches in Amsterdam in 1948 and to Conference on Indian-American Relations in New Delhi in 1949. Member of numerous government committees on sociological matters, including the commission appointed by the League of Nations to investigate forced labor in Liberia in 1930, the commission sent to Japan in 1946 by the State Department to organize the Japanese educational system, and the commission established by the Eisenhower administration in 1952 to study the health needs of the nation. Participant in several private organizations, including director in 1933 and co-director from 1934 to 1938 of the Institute of Race Relations at Swarthmore College, co-director of the race relations program and a member of the board of trustees from 1943 to 1948 of the Julius Rosenwald Fund, and a director from 1944 to 1950 of the Race Relations Division of the American Missionary Association of the Congregational and Christian Churches of America. Military service: U.S. Army, 1918-19, served as a sergeant with the 893d Pioneer Infantry.

Honors: William E. Harmon Gold Medal from the Harmon Foundation, 1930, for his achievements in the field of social science, the Anisfield-Wolf Award from Saturday Review, 1938, for his book The Negro College Graduate, the Russwurm Award for Public Service from the Negro Newspaper Publishers' Association, and the Social Action Churchmanship Award of the General Council of the Congregational Christian Churches. Honorary Litt.D. degrees conferred by Virginia Union University in 1938 and Columbia University in 1947, an honorary L.H.D. degree by Howard University in 1941, the honorary LL.D. degree by Harvard University in 1948, the University of Glasgow, Scotland, in 1952, Lincoln University in 1955, and Central State College, Xenia, Ohio, in 1956.

Author: The Negro in American Civilization, 1930, Growing Up in the Black Belt, 1941, Patterns of Negro Segregation, 1943, Education and the Cultural Crisis, Macmillan, 1951, et al.  Contributor of articles to periodicals, including Opportunity, Journal of Negro History, and New York Times.

"Charles Spurgeon Johnson."

"Perspectives in American Literature."


Samuel Johnson

The writings of the English author and lexicographer Samuel Johnson (1709-1784) express a profound reverence for the past modified by an energetic independence of mind. The mid-18th century in England is often called the Age of Johnson.

Samuel Johnson.

Samuel Johnson.

Jack Lynch, Rutgers University - Newark.  Selected Bibliography: Samuel Johnson (1709-1784),

The Samuel Johnson Sound Bite Page,

Samuel Johnson, Writer, 12 December 1784.
"Next only to William Shakespeare, Samuel Johnson is perhaps the most quoted of English writers. The latter part of the eighteenth century is often (in English-speaking countries, of course) called, simply, the Age of Johnson."

David Cody, Associate Professor of English, Hartwick College.  "Samuel Johnson: A Brief Biography,"

Johnson's books available online at

WikiQuote - Quotes by Samuel Johnson

E-texts of some biographies of Samuel Johnson:

Life Of Johnson by James Boswell (Project Gutenberg)

Anecdotes of the late Samuel Johnson by Hester Thrale


Thomas Johnson *** Not in Gale

(c. 1600-1644).  English botanist, pharmacologist, physician.  Anglican.

The Galileo Project,

Johnson published four works that were the first local flora in England: Iter plantarum investigationis, 1629, and Descriptio itineris, 1632, both about botanical tours of Kent and of Hampstead Heath; Mercurius botanicus, 1634, describing a botanical tour to Oxford, Bath, Bristol, Southampton, and the Isle of Wight; and Mercurii botanici pars alter, 1641, another botanizing tour, this time of north Wales. The last two embodied an attempt to produce a British flora, and with his friend Goodyer he had plans to produce a more extensive British flora. These plans were cut short by his death. Johnson was an apothecary, and in his botanizing he always paid attention to the medicinal properties of plants. He published a new improved edition of Gerard's Herbal, and he was involved in the publication in London of the Pharmacopoei parisiensis, 1637.

A Thomas Johnson -- whom virtually everyone takes to be this Thomas Johnson -- published a translation of the works of Paré in 1634, a book that exerted great influence on British surgery in the 17th century.

Membership: Society of Apoth.  Informal Connections: Friendship with Dr. George Bowles from 1630, with John Goodyer from 1631, and with John Parkinson in 1630s--all three of them fellow botanists.


William Johnson *** Not in Gale

(c. 1610-1665).  English iatrochemist, pharmacologist.  Anglican.

The Galileo Project,

Johnson was considered an iatrochemist, though he was at odds with other English iatrochemists. He published Three Exact Pieces of Leonard Piorovant, 1652, and in that same year Lexicon chemicum, drawn from Ruland, Basil Valentine, and Van Helmont. Though an iatrochemist, as an employee of the College of Physicians he wrote a defense of Galenic pharmacology (Some Brief Animadversions, 1665) against the attack of George Thomson.

Member: Society of Apothecaries, 1654-1665.


William Woolsey Johnson

 (1841-1927).  Mathematician.  William Woolsey Johnson graduated Yale in 1862, at the age of twenty-one, and at once became connected with the United States Nautical Almanac office. After two years of service there he became an instructor in mathematics at the Naval Academy, Newport, R. I., and in 1865 moved with the school to Annapolis, where he remained until 1870, meantime (1868) receiving the degree of master of arts from his Alma Mater. . After teaching at Kenyon College, Ohio (1870-72), and at St. John's College, Maryland (1872-81), he returned to Annapolis as professor of mathematics, to remain there the rest of his active life. In 1913, through a special act of Congress, he was commissioned lieutenant in the navy, and in 1921 was retired with the rank of commodore. He was a founder member of the American Mathematical Society, and a member of the London Mathematical Society and various other learned organizations.

Johnson was one of the best-known of the expository mathematicians of his time, chiefly because of his numerous contributions to mathematical literature which helped to arouse interest in mathematical studies. He wrote a considerable number of textbooks, including An Elementary Treatise on Analytical Geometry (1869); The Elements of Differential and Integral Calculus Founded on the Methods of Rates or Fluxions (3 vols., 1874-76, with later revisions), in collaboration with J. Minot Rice; An Elementary Treatise on the Integral Calculus Founded on the Method of Rates or Fluxions (1881); Curve Tracing in Cartesian Coordinates (1884); A Treatise of Ordinary and Partial Differential Equations (1889); The Theory of Errors and Method of Least Squares (1890); and An Elementary Treatise on Theoretical Mechanics (2 pts., 1900-01; 1 vol. ed., 1901). He was a descendant of Jonathan Edwards, 1703-1758, and Sarah Pierpont, his wife; of Dr. Samuel Johnson, 1696-1772, the first president of King's College (now Columbia University), and of his son William Samuel Johnson, 1727-1819, one of the framers of the Constitution of the United States and the first president of the reorganized (1787) Columbia College.

From David Eugene Smith.  "William Woolsey Johnson."Dictionary of American Biography Base Set. American Council of Learned Societies, 1928-1936.


Arthur Jones, BSc, MEd, Ph.D., CBiol, MIBiol *** Not in Gale
Biologist, science education consultant.  Research consultant for curriculum development for the Christian School's Trust.  Ph.D. in biology from the University of Birmingham, M.Ed. from Bristol University, B.S. (hons) in biology from the University of Birmingham.  Former teacher of science and religion at London and Bristol Universities.  Member: Institute of Biology, London.  Winner, two Templeton Foundation awards.

Testimony in In Six Days: Why Fifty Scientists Choose to Believe in Creation, edited by John F. Ashton, Ph.D.  Master Books, Inc., Green Forest, AR, 2001.  ISBN 0-89051-341-4.


Gareth Jones / David Gareth Jones

(Born 1940)  Dean OSMS.  Professor of Anatomy and Structural Biology at the University of Otago, New Zealand, 1983; head Department anatomy and human biology, University of Western Australia, 1981-83; Associate Professor, University of Western Australia, 1977-83; Senior Lecturer Department of Anatomy and Human Biology, University of Western Australia, 1970-76; Lecturer, University College, London, 1968-70; Assistant Lecturer, Department of Anatomy, University College, London, 1965-68. Named Bruce Hall Memorial Lecturer, St. Vincent's Hospital, Sydney, 1988, Visiting Research Fellow Edith Cowan University, Perth, Australia, 1992.

Author: Manufacturing Humans, 1987, Axonal Regeneration in Mammalian Central Nervous System, 1990, Practical Medical Ethics, 1992, 2d edit., 1996, Coping with Controversy, 1994, 2nd edit., 1996.

Webpage at University of Otago, New Zealand:

Testimony in God and the Scientists, edited by Mike Poole.  CPO, Worthing, 1997.  ISBN 1-901796-02-7.


William Jones *** Not in Gale

(1675-1749).  Welsh mathematician and specialist in navigation.

The Galileo Project,

Jones published a number of mathematical works: Synopsis palmariorum mathesios, 1706 (a text for learners that did include fluxions and infinite series--Jones introduced here the symbol pi in its enduring meaning) and a number of papers in the Philosophical Transactions. In 1711 he published Newton's De analysi, one of the early shots in the priority battle, and his possession of Collins' papers was crucial for the Newtonian defense. Jones had completed Introduction to the Mathematicks, which was just commencing publication when he died; it was never published and is lost.  His first book was A New Compendium of the Whole Art of Navigation.

Member: Royal Society, 1712; Vice-president at the time of his death. One of the committee appointed by the Royal Society to decide the priority dispute regarding the calculus.  Informal connections: Close friendship with Newton from 1706. He obtained the privilege of access to Newton's manuscripts and edited some important tracts by Newton.  Acquired the papers and correspondence of John Collins in 1708. They proved to be critical to Newton's defense in the priority dispute. Jones bequeathed the manuscripts to Lord Macclesfield.

J.J. O'Connor and E.F. Robertson. "William Jones,"

Self-taught English mathematician who, in 1706, was the first to call the ratio of the circumference of a circle to its diameter by the name and symbol (pi ).


John Jonston *** Not in Gale

(1603-1675).  Polish physician, naturalist, historian and educator. He was a Calvinst, and as such the Catholic University of Cracow was closed to him. He was specifically active as a member of the community of Czech Brethren at Leszno.

The Galileo Project,

Jonston was a practicing physician for most of his working life.  He published Enchiridion historiae naturalis in the period 1625-1628. (Trans into English, 1657), followed by Idea universae medicinae practicae in Amsterdam in 1642, English translation in 1652; various Latin editions after 1644.  Associated eponyms: Jonston's alopecia, A chronic form of symmetrical pemphigus in adults.


James Prescott Joule

The English physicist James Prescott Joule (1818-1889) proved that mechanical and thermal energies are interconvertible on a fixed basis, and thus he established the great principle of conservation of energy.


Biography in Scientists of Faith: 48 Biographies of Historic Scientists and Their Christian Faith, by Dan Graves.  Kregel Resources, Grand Rapids, MI, 1996.  ISBN 0-8254-2724-X.


Claude C. Joyner

(Born 1950).  Systems analyst.  Lincoln National Life Insurance Co, system designer, 1974-76; First Interstate Bank, operations officer 1977-79; Aerospace Corp, programmer, 1979-80; Transaction Tech Inc, systems analyst, 1980-84; Electronic Data Systems, Senior systems analyst, 1984-85; Booz Allen & Hamilton, associate, 1985-86; Contel ASC, Senior system analyst, 1986-87; Computer Based Systems Inc, staff analyst, database administrator, 1987-91; Joyner Design Ltd, CFO, 1990-present; Crystal City, Virginia, Senior database specialist, 1991-96; US Patent Trademark Office, computer scientist, 1996-present.  Education: Central State University, BS, 1974; Pepperdine University, MBA 1983; Maple Springs Baptist Bible College & Seminary, MRE, 1997.

Member: Deaf Pride, Inc. 1980-86; member student outreach Committee National Black MBA Association 1984-87; education chairperson Black Data Processing Associate, DC Chapter, 1985-87; licensed minister, 1991-present, assistant superintendent, 1992-94, Sunday school teacher 1986-94, Mt Sinai Baptist; staff volunteer, treasurer, Mt. Sinai Outreach Center 1987-94; treasurer, Right Way Ministries Inc, 1992-96, Chairman trustee Board, 1997-present; Sunday school teacher, Assistant Training Union Director, 1995-present, disciple training Director, 1994-present, Kendall Baptist Church, 1994; Kendall Baptist Church, Director Benevolence Committee, 1997-present.

"Claude C. Joyner, Mr." Who's Who Among African Americans, 17th ed. Gale Group, 2004.


Gaspar R. F. N. Casal Julian *** Not in Gale

(1680-1759).  Spanish physician and natural historian.  Catholic.

The Galileo Project,

Casal Julian wrote a natural and medical history of Asturias, a major work.

Member: Medical College, Royal Academy of Medicine.


Percy L. Julian / Percy Lavon Julian

Known as the "soybean chemist" for his extraordinary success in synthesizing innovative drugs and industrial chemicals from natural soya products, Percy Lavon Julian (1899-1975) was an internationally acclaimed scientist whose discoveries earned him more than 130 chemical patents and a host of professional awards.


Johann Juncker *** Not in Gale

(1679-1759).  German chemist, physician.  Lutheran.

The Galileo Project,

In 1717, Juncker became physician to the Royal Pedagagical Institute and Orphanage in Halle, a kind of training hospital.  In 1729, he became professor of medicine at the University of Halle. He was also rector twice.

He was eventually appointed Prussian privy councillor.  He practiced medicine during most, if not all, of his career.


Joachim Jungius *** Not in Gale

(1587-1657).  German physician, philosopher of science.

The Galileo Project,

In1625, Jungius was Professor of medicine, University of Helmstedt.  From 1624-1625 and 1626-1628, he was Professor of mathematics, University of Rostock.  From 1629-1657, he was Professor of natural science and Rector of the Akademisches Gymnasium, Hamburg. (Until 1640, he was also the rector at the Johanneum.)

J.J. O'Connor and E.F. Robertson. "Joachim Jungius,"  "In mathematics Jungius proved that the catenary is not a parabola (Galileo assumed it was). He was one of the first to use exponents to represent powers and he used mathematics as a model for the natural sciences."

Use the guide links below according to scientist last name.

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